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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Pictographs
pictures that stand for words or ideas
Middle East
Where Egypt,Saudi Arabia, Jordan Turkey etc. First hunter gatheres settled
Catal Huyuk
a large neolithic town that was an archeologicak site. It had 1000 houses and a population of 5000-6000.It was in the Middle East
6000B.C.
Famine
A sevire shortage of food that can cause estarvation
Irrigation System
a system used originally to get needed water to field sby means of pipees,canals,and ditches
Bulla and Tockens
a ball with tockens made by clay used to help them keep track of trading.
Cuneiform
wedge shaped ;consisted in 600 symbols ;invented by Sumerians
domestication
to tame animals or plants to do what you want
zigguart
a type of temple with one room at the top.
Scribes
proffesional writers and record keepers
settled communities
a group of people that don't travel
City-state
a city and sorrounding villages and farmland that it controlled.People had many different jobs.
Nomads
one of a group of people who move woth their flock and herds as the season changes to find water and pasture.
edible Plants
plants that can be eaten
Self sufficient
to provide for oneself without help of others.
Catal Huyuk was
Umm dabaghiyah wasn't
What happened to make humans change to food producers?
-start watching the plants and animals
-domesticated plants and animals
-mortar and pestle
-surplus
Mesopotamia

Sumer

Climate of the region

Irrigation System

city-state

artisan

administrators

Bulla and tockens

Nomads

Invaders

Military Leaders

Polythesm

Worship

Pictograph

Cuneiform

Scribes
the land between the rivers

where civilizations beganIn Mesopotamia

hot110,dry,rivers flooded inpredictable

a system used originally to get needed water in the fields by piped, canals, ditches
Hunter -gatherers
hunted animals and gathered wild food.
surplus
extra grain or food
Agriculture
growing plants and raising anomals
Mesopotamia
the land between the rivers
Invaders
warriors that attack other places to take over or to steal goods.
What made the city of ur different than other civilations?
Features of city and civilization
Artisan
a skilled worker who makes good by hand
EX:
pottery
instruments
games
etc.
Ain MAllaha
archeological site in the Jordan River VAlley. People settled ther from 1100 B.C.E.
Umm Dabaghiyah
a small settlement that archeologist say existed
Mortar and pestle
a round object hollowed out in the center to pound grain.
Neolithic villages and towns
settlements in the era of new stone
between 800-500 B.C.
Trade
exchanging one thing for another
Sumer
where civilizations arose.Conteined city-states that became powerful. Southern part of Mesopotamia.,
Military Leaders
eventually become kings;led the defense of the city-states
Fertile Crecent
a crecebt shaped land that had good soil.MAny settlements were near
Ur
ancient city located in Iraq.Were able to farm because of irrigation system.
Administrators
managers to organize the building and keeping of canals.At first they were priests.
Polytheism
believe in many gods.
Sumer was polytheism
enviornment
living and nonliving things that sorround a person or people.
Climate of the region
hot (110)
dry
rivers flooded inpredictable
Worship
to look up to someone ,specially gods