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14 Cards in this Set

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MESOAMERICA
REGION FROM CENTRAL MEXICO DOWN SOUTH TO THE NW BORDER OF COSTA RICA
LINE OF DEMARCATION
Line drawn by Pope Alexander VI in 1493-1494 to assign colonial spheres of interest in the Americas to Portugal and Spain.
TREATY OF TORDESILLAS
divided the world outside of Europe in an exclusive duopoly between the Spanish and the Portuguese along a north-south meridian 370 leagues (1770 km; 1100 miles) west of the Cape Verde islands (off the west coast of Africa), roughly 46° 37' W. The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Spain.
LOST COLONY OF ROANOKE
BY SIR WALTER RALEIGH WHO GOT A CHARTER TO MAKE A COLONY FROM THE QUEEN ELIZABETH; DISAPPEARED WITHIN 3 YEARS W/O A TRACE
VIRGINIA COMPANY
In June of 1606, King James I granted a charter to a group of London entrepreneurs to establish a satellite English settlement in the Chesapeake region of North America; under Captain John Smith; Founded Jamestown
VIRGINIA HOUSE OF BURGESSES
made up the other part of the General Assembly. Its members were chosen by all those who could vote in the colony; the lower house of the Colony of Virginia. It was the first elected legislative assembly in the New World.
WILLIAM BRADFORD
leader of the Pilgrim settlers of the Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts, and became Governor of the Plymouth Colony.
MAYFLOWER COMPACT
signed on 11 November 1620 on board the Mayflower;covenant in that the settlers agreed to form a government and be bound by its rules
JOHN WINTHROP
KNOWN FOR CITY UPON A HILL; BELIVED THAT GOD WOULD PUNISH ENGLAND FOR HERESY; WANTED TO GET THE ENGLISH PURITANS AWAY FROM ENGLAND; WANTED TO CLEANSE THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF CATHOLIC RITUALS
CITY ON A HILL
BY JOHN WINTHROP AND THE PURITANS; BELIEVED THAT THEY HAD TO BE SORT OF ROLE MODELS FOR THE REST OF THE WORLD SINCE THEY HAD A PROMISE WITH GOD; WANTED EVERYONE TO LOOK UPON
ROGER WILLIAMS
WANTED SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE; DIDN'T AGREE WITH THE STRICT PURITAN VALUES; FOUNDED PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND
THOMAS HOOOKER
FOUNDER OF CONNECTICUT COLONY;CREATED THE FUNDAMENTAL ORDERS OF CONNECTICUT
PEQUOT WAR
virtual elimination of the Pequot Indians as a tribe BY THE MASSACHUSETTS AND CONNECTICUT SETTLERS FROM ENGLAND; RESULTED FROM THE EFFORTS TO CONTROL THE FUR TRADE
KING PHILLIPS WAR
was a general Indian uprising in 1675–1676 to resist continued expansion of the English colonies throughout the New England region; RESULTED IN new culture in which native peoples were marginalized and the white settlers were dominant