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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Who settled in southern Mesopotamia in about 3500 B.C.?
Sumerians
Short, stocky, black haired people.
Why do the twin rivers flood each year?
because when the twin rivers went down natural, levees or raised areas of soil remained behind
Why did they set up governments?
to make laws so they would know what was expected of them
why did each Sumerian city have a gate around it?
to keep out lions and bandits
What does the word "ziggurat" mean?
mountain of god
why where Sumerian preists so powerful?
because they were the only people knew the will of the gods
Who was able to go to school?
Only the sons of the rich could go to schools
Why was writting developed?
Writing was developed to keep track of business deals.
How were pictures used to communicate?
first they were used to represent objects, later ideas, then sylables
What rights did women have?
they could buy and sell property, run businesses and own and sell enslaved persons
What did a man have to do to divorce his wife?
simply say you are not my wife any more
Who was one of the most famouse priest kings?
Gilgamesh
Who created the world's first empire?
Sargon I
Who was the king of Babylon?
Hammurabi
What were some of the changes that Hammurabi made?
he improved irrigation systems,changed religion, recognized the tax system, began a government housing program
What was Hammurbabi best known for?
the code of law for everyone in the empire
What was one of the main beliefs of the legal system?
a man was innocent until proven guilty
What kinds of punishemtns could a guilty person get?
fines or death, there was no prison sentences
What does surplus mean?
extra goods
What was Hammurabi's reign called?
The Golden Age of Babylon