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29 Cards in this Set

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sociolegal studies
using a mutlidisciplinary framework in the study of the law
critical legal studies
1970's movement that viewed laws as tools of oppresion employed by the powerful to control the less powerful
feminist jurisprudence
studies the law as a way to maintain male-centered values
therapeutic jurisprudence
studying the law, at least in part, in terms of the impact involvement in the legal system has on mental health
law and economics
school of thought which maintains that the goal of law is to maximize efficiency and prosperity
forensic psychology
the application of the methods and procedures of psychology to the legal system
trial consultants
social scientists who specialize in the applicationof psychological knowledge to jury selection and litigation strategies
dialectic analysis
an approach that studies the tension between competing values
due process model
places primary value on protecting the rights of citizens, including criminal suspects and on the assumption of innocence
crime control model
places primary importance on efficient detection and punishment of offenders
ex post facto
clause which forbids the enactment of new laws which extend punishment for past crimes
double jepardy
clause prohibits a second prosecution an offense a person has been cleared of once
notification law
laws which require notification of communities when sex-offender is released into their community
sexual predator laws
laws which allow the state to have a high risk sex offender committed indefinitely to a mental hospital upon release from prison.
equality
the same treatment in the criminal justice system regardless of wealth, status, or power
principle of proportionality
the punishment should be consistent to the severity of the crime
discretion
the use of judgement to determine appropriate sentances
sentancing disparity
the tendancy of different judges to administer a variety of penalties for the same crime
determinate sentancing
the offense determines the sentance and the courts have very little discretion
jury nullification
the right of the jury to acquit a legally guilty defendent if the jury feels that the defendent is morally blameless for the crime
settlement negotiation
the plantiff and defendent meet outside of court and agree to a resolution
amicus curiae
a brief filed by a party who is not part of the court proceedings to argue some point on behalf of one of the sides
case law
law made by rulings in individual cases
stare decisis
tendancy of judges to be reluctant to make decisions that contradict earlier decisions
basic scientist
a scientist who conducts research in the interest of knowledge not due to real world applications
applied scientist
dedicated to applying knowledge to real world problems. trial consultant is an example of the applied scientist
policy evaluator
use of methodological skills to assess how well an intervention has worked
advocate
acting on behalf of a group and working to change society
empowerment
the goal of helping disenfranchized members of society gain greater power over their personal or collective situations