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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
S&S of meningitis
Fever
Severe HA
Nuchal rigidity
Brudzinski's
Kernigs
Photophobia
Bend neck
-Brudzinski or Kernig
Brudzinski's
Bend knee
-Brudzinski or Kernig
Kernig's
Main complication of meningitis
IICP (90%)
-Inflamm response>inc CSF prod
Med Tx of meningitis
Abx
ICP mgmt
Corticosteroids
Anticonvulsants
Metastatic brain tumors most commonly assoc with...
Ling
Breast
Melanoma
Types of gliomas
50% of primary brain tumors
astrocytoma
oligodendroglioma
ependymoma
Rare glioma with seizure being very common as initial manifestation
ependymoma
Glioma arising from lining of ventricles
Oligodendroglioma
Main complication of oligodendroglioma
Hydrocephalus
-mng with VP shunt
Generally benign timor accounting for 27% of primary brain tumors
Meningioma
meningioma
-Good or bad prognosis via tumor resection?
Good prognosis
Good prognosis with tumor resection
Meningioma (benign)
Pituitary adenoma (benign)
S&S of pituitary adenoma r/t
Hypersecretion of hormones
-adrenal--fluid balance
-ovaries--abn menstration
-testes--impotence
This brain tumor assoc with immunocompromised
-HIV
-transplant
Malignant CNS lymphoma
Tx of malignant CNS lymphoma
Radiation
High dose MTX
Corticosteroids
Generalized S&S of brain tumors
Mental status changes
HA
Vomiting
Seizures
Frontal lone S&S
Personality changes
Expressive aphasia-brocas
Contralateral hemparesis
parietal lobe S&S
Loss of position sense
Neglect syndrome
Perceptual difficulty
Temporal lobe S&S
Memory deficits
Auditory/olfactory hallucinations
Receptive aphasia-wernickes
occipital lobe S&S
Vision loss
Visual agnosia
Midbrain S&S
Ptosis/diplopia/dilation
Cerebellum S&S
Gait
Balance
Discoordination
Pons S&S
Facial sensation loss/drooping
Corneal reflex loss
Medulla S&S
Difficulty swallowing
Loss of cough/gag
Resp pattern changes
Gold standard diagnostic tool for brain tumors
MRI
type of surgery for removal of pituitary tumors
Transsphenoidal
Complication of transsphenoidal aproach
CSF leak
Teaching s/p transsphenoidal
No coughing/sucking/blowing nose
First line Tx after bipsy and surgical intervention
Rdiation
Why does chemotherapy have limited success in Tx'ing brain tumors
Blood brain barrier