Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
heredity
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring
trait
characteristic that is inherited, dominant or recessive
genetics
branch of biology that studies heredity
gamete
male or female sex cell, egg or sperm
fertilization
fusion of male and female gametes
zygote
diploid cell formed when a sperm fertilizes an egg
pollination
when pollen passes from male reproductive organs to female reproductive organs of plants, usually w/in the same species
hybrid
offspring formed by parents having different forms of a trait
allele
alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of an organism
half of a gene
dominant
observed trait of an organism that masks the recessive form of a trait
recessive
not dominant
law of segregation
because each plant has two different alleles it can produce two different types of gametes
phenotype
physical appearance
genotype
combo of genes in an organism
homozygous
The alleles present for a trait are the same
haploid
a cell that contains one member of each chromosome pair
meiosis
the type of cell division that produces gametes
crossing over
exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes
dihybrid
a cross involving 2 differents traits
independent assortment
the way in which a chromosome pair separates does not affect the way other pairs separate