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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
homologous chromosomes separate and move to opposite poles
ANAPHASE I
reproduction of body cells occurs through...
MITOSIS
reproduction of gametes occurs through...
MEIOSIS
number of chromosomes in human gametes
23
humber of chromosomes in human body cells
46
tetrads line up on the equator
METAPHASE I
notation used to represent the number of chromosomes in a full organism
2n
cytokinesis produces 2 new cells in meiosis
TELOPHASE I
notation used to represent the number of chromosomes in a gamete
n
spindles form and chromosomes will become attached to the spindle fibers by their centromere
PROPHASE II
cytokinesis occurs forming 4 new cells with half the genetic material of the parent
TELOPHASE II
the chromosomes line up at the equator
METAPHASE II
two homologous chromosomes
TETRADS
sister chromatids separate and move to opposite poles
ANAPHASE II
tetrads are formed
PROPHASE I
a cell with two copies of each type of chromosome
DIPLOID
a cell with half the total number of chromosomes for the organism
HAPLOID
a cells with the total number of chromosomes for the organism
DIPLOID
examples of haploid cells
SEX CELLS (EGG, SPERM)
examples of diploid cells
BODY CELLS (ie. HEART, LUNG, BRAIN)
cells that are not sex cells
BODY CELLS