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Linhard, Anne. "An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>.
Willa Cather was born on December 7, 1873.
Linhard, Anne. "An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>.
In 1883, Willa Cather moved to Red Cloud, Nebraska along with her family.
Linhard, Anne. "An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>.
In 1895, she graduated from UNL.
Linhard, Anne. "An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>.
Willa Cather died on April 24, 1947.
"Willa Cather." UIC. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html>.
In 1803, April Twilights was published.
"Willa Cather." UIC. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html>.
Shadows on the Rock was published in 1927.
"Willa Cather." UIC. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html>.
In 1925, My Immortal Enemy was published.
"Willa Cather." UIC. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html>.
Lucy Gayhart was published in 1935.
"Willa Cather." UIC. 16 Jan. 2005 <http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html>.
In 1940, Sapphria and the Slave Girl was published.
Ahearn, Amy. "Willa Cather." 16 Jan. 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/life/bios/ahearn/index.htm>.
In 1915, The Song of the Lark was published.
Ahearn, Amy. "Willa Cather." 16 Jan. 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/life/bios/ahearn/index.htm>.
Stong women are usually at the center of Cather's writings.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather wrote for Home Monthly and The Daily Leader in Pittsburgh.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather taught Emglish and Latin in a school in Pennsylvania.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
She served as managind editor on McClure's Magazine from 1906 - 1912.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Recieved a Doctrate of Letters from the University of Nebraska in 1917.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Cather recieved honorary degrees from the University of Michigan, Columbia, Princeton, and Yale.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
CAther won the Pulitzer Prize in 1922, for One of Ours.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
In 1925, A Lost Lady was made into a silent movie.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
In 1961, Willa Cather was the first woman to be inducted into the Nebraska Hall of Fame.
Willa Siebert Cather." 6 Jan. 1996. Willa Cather. Harvard University. 13 Jan. 2005 <http://www.nde.state.ne.us/SS/notables/cather.html>.
Willa Cather's childhood home at Red Cloud has been preserved.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Alexander's Bridge - 1912
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
O Poineers! - 1913
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
My Antonia - 1918
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
A Lost Lady - 1923
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Many of Cather's novels drew inspiration from her life in Nebraska.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
O Pioneers, My Antonia, and A Lost Lady offer fascinating explorations of pioneers living on the plains.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
One of Ours - 1922
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
The Professor's House - 1925
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
My Mortal Enemy - 1926
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Death Comes for the Archbishop - 1927
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Many of Cather's works can be interpreted with gay or lesbian themes.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Nothing overt would have been tolerated by the publishers (and probably by the reading public as well).
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
She had first arrived at the University dressed as William Cather, her opposite sex twin.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
While in college, she fell passionately in love with Louise Pound, a fellow student and athlete.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
One of Cather's first published works was a collection of short stories, The Troll Garden (1905).
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Sarah Orne Jewett a writer advised Cather to leave McClure's to focus on her writing.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
She spent forty years of her life with her companion, Edith Lewis, in New York city.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Cather's work made her one of the most important American novelists of the first half of the 20th century.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Cather is most often thought of as a chronicler of the pioneer American West.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Cather's fiction is characterized by a strong sense of place, the subtle presentation of human relationships, an often unconventional narrative structure, and a style of clarity and beauty.
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Not Under Forty - 1936
"Willa Cather." 18 January 2005. http://www.uic.edu/depts/quic/history/willa_cather.html
Youth and the Bright Medusa - 1920.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
As an adolescent, she defied the norms for girls: she cut her hair short, wore trousers, and openly rebelled against the roles girls were supposed to play.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
At the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, she edited the school magazine and published articles and play reviews in local papers.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
Cather published her 1st 5 novels in consecutive years.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
After the first 5 novels were published, Cather went into a recess and didn't publish any novels.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
During the recess Cather wrote her greatest novels.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
These works are the best example of her classic and restrained language and her lyrical evocation of nature.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
Most of Cather's writings were autobiographical.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
Before she died she burned all of her letters so that no one ever knew what they said.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
She loved the romantic literature of France, yet her own writing style was one of classic restraint.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
She was drawn to the East coast, its mountains and cities. And, she was drawn to the plains and the vastness of Nebraska.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
She had a large circle of friends, yet to write she needed the solitude of Nebraska or New Hampshire.
National Women's Hall of Fame - Women of the Hall. 17 January 2005. http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37
Red Cloud, Nebraska, her home, both attracted and repelled her; it was also the source of her art.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
"Restlessness such as ours, success such as ours, striving such as ours, do not make for beauty. Other things must come first, good cookery, cottages that are home, not playthings; gardens, repose."
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
In 1883 Cather moved to Catherton Precinct, Webster County, Nebraska.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Cather receives her early education, attending grammar school and high school, although at first she was taught at home.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Goes to Lincoln, Nebraska, and enrolls in the Latin School (University Prep). - 1890
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Essay on Carlyle appears in the Nebraska State Journal, submitted by her teacher, Ebenezer Hunt, without her knowledge. - 1891
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Story, "Peter," appears in The Mahogany Tree, submitted by Professor Herbert Bates. "Peter" is Willa's first published fiction. - 1892
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Poem, "Shakespeare: A Freshman Theme," appears in the student newspaper, The Hesperian. This is Willa's first published poetry. - 1892
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Continues as a regular contributor to the Nebraska State Journal and also contributes to University publications.- 1894
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Mostly living at home in Red Cloud. Tries and fails to get a teaching appointment at the University of Nebraska.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Cather used about half a dozen pen names.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Cather resigned from the Pittsburgh Leader. Her poems appear in national magazines. - 1900
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Story, "Eric Hermannson's Soul," appears in Cosmopolitan. - 1900
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Article about Nevin appears in the Ladies' Home Journal. -1900
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Last contribution to the Lincoln Courier. -1902
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Has tonsils removed, hemorrhages and is very ill. Recuperates in sanatorium in Wernersville, Pennsylvania.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Receives the gold medal of the American Academy of Arts and Letters for Death Comes for the Archbishop.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Not Under Forty was a collection of short essays.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
Willa Cather dies at the age of 73 of a massive cerebral hemorrhage. April 24, 1947
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
WILLA CATHER
December 7, 1876 - April 24, 1947

THE TRUTH AND CHARITY OF HER GREAT
SPIRIT WILL LIVE ON IN THE WORK
WHICH IS HER ENDURING GIFT TO HER
COUNTRY AND ALL ITS PEOPLE.
"Willa Cather." Untitled Document. 17 January 2005. http://cather.unl.edu/life/chronology/index.htm
A collection of short stories, The Old Beauty and Others, is published posthumously
"Willa Cather." Non-Fiction. 17 January 2005 http://cather.unl.edu/works/nonfiction/index.htm
Cather began to write reviews and a regular column for The Nebraska State Journal in 1893, when she was a junior at the University of Nebraska, where she had already proven herself as a student journalist.
"Willa Cather." Non-Fiction. 17 January 2005 http://cather.unl.edu/works/nonfiction/index.htm
Cather's wide-ranging interests and vigorous style brought her considerable attention and gave her other opportunities
"Willa Cather." Non-Fiction. 17 January 2005 http://cather.unl.edu/works/nonfiction/index.htm
Then in 1896 she was offered the editorship of a new magazine in Pittsburgh, the Home Monthly; at first, for lack of other contributors, she wrote much of the content herself-editorials, articles, and reviews, as well as fiction.
Parry, David. Willa Cather and the Burlington Railroad. June 2000. University of Nebraska Lincoln.13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/criticalstudies/index.htm>.
"Willa Cather, an astute observer, used the fabric of life around her in her books; no where more effectively than with her use of railroads."
Parry, David. Willa Cather and the Burlington Railroad. June 2000. University of Nebraska Lincoln.13 January 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/scholarship/criticalstudies/index.htm>.
"Cather was a skillful observer of people and how they lived. As a young girl, she, as countless other children, haunted the red railroad depot which was the center of the universe in so many western towns. What is fascinating about Cather is that she got the railroad details of her novels' settings right. This is not surprising since it was the railroad that linked her many worlds for her entire life. Cather used railroad settings in her works and this background is pure Burlington."
"An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/biography.htm>.
Red Cloud was a small town in the midst of rough prairie, and the settlers who inhabited the town were mainly Scandinavian, Bohemian, and French immigrants trying to cultivate the obstinate land.
"An introduction to the life and writings of Willa Cather." Willa Cather Site. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/biography.htm>.
Cather was one of the few women to recieve a college education at that time.
"Willa Cather." 2001. C-Span, American Writers , a journey through history. C-Span. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.americanwriters.org/classroom/resources/tr_cather.asp>.
She attended the University of Nebraska, where she often dressed as William Cather, her opposite sex "twin"
"Willa Cather." Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. 14 Jan. 2005 <http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=37>.
She subsequently published her first five novels. These novels announced her themes of strong women, the fight against provincial life, and the dying of the pioneer tradition.
Wells, Kim. "Willa Cather." Domestic Goddesses. August 23, 1999. Online. Internet. 1/17/05print out site. <http://www.womenwriters.net/domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
"It is perhaps natural that they should be very much interested in material comfort, in buying whatever is expensive and ugly" since they "were reared amid hardships"
Wells, Kim. "Willa Cather." Domestic Goddesses. August 23, 1999. Online. Internet. 1/17/05print out site. <http://www.womenwriters.net/domesticgoddess/cather1.htm>.
"when one comes to write all that you have been taught leaves you, all that you have stolen lies discovered. You are then a translator, without a lexicon, without notes. . . You have then to give voice to the hearts of men, and you can do it only so far as you have known them, loved them. It is a solemn and terrible thing to write a novel"
Ahearn, Amy. "Willa Cather." 16 Jan. 2005 <http://cather.unl.edu/life/bios/ahearn/index.htm>.
Used a lot of detail in her writings when describing landscapes.
Willa Cather Site. 17 January 2005. <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>
Cather was a journalist, critic, as well as a writer.
Willa Cather Site. 17 January 2005. <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>
Cather helped shape the American modernists thoughts and writings.
Willa Cather Site. 17 January 2005. <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>
In 1900, Cather lived in Washington, so she could work as a correspondent for two Pittsburgh magazines.
Willa Cather Site. 17 January 2005. <http://fp.image.dk/fpemarxlind/>
Around 1932, Cather published a collection of short stories called Obscure Destinies.
"American Writer." Willa Cather. 17 January 2005. http://www.americanwriters.org/writers/cather.asp
After graduating from the University of Nebraska in 1895, she obtained a position in Pittsburgh on a family magazine.
"American Writer." Willa Cather. 17 January 2005. http://www.americanwriters.org/writers/cather.asp
Paul's Case from A Bright Medusa described the other side of prairie life: the struggle of a talent to emerge from the stifling environment of the small town.
"Willa Cather. Willa Sibert Cather (American Literature, Biography.)- Encyclopedia. 19 January 2005. http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/Cather-W.html
Willa Cather's middle name is Sibert.
"Willa Cather. Willa Sibert Cather (American Literature, Biography.)- Encyclopedia. 19 January 2005. http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/Cather-W.html
After she became the managing editor of McClure's Magazine, she saved the magazine from financial disaster.
"Willa Cather. Willa Sibert Cather (American Literature, Biography.)- Encyclopedia. 19 January 2005. http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/Cather-W.html
The Song of the Lark focuses on another of Cather's idea that artists need to free themselves from inhibiting influences from small town backgrounds.
"Willa Cather. Willa Sibert Cather (American Literature, Biography.)- Encyclopedia. 19 January 2005. http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/Cather-W.html
Cather became convinced that the beliefs and way of life she valued were disappearing.
"Willa Cather. Willa Sibert Cather (American Literature, Biography.)- Encyclopedia. 19 January 2005. http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/Cather-W.html
Cather herself was a master of that craft, her novels and stories written in a pellucid style of great charm and stateliness.
"Willa Cather. Willa Sibert Cather (American Literature, Biography.)- Encyclopedia. 19 January 2005. http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/C/Cather-W.html
O Pioneers! celebrates strength and courage of the frontier settlers.