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135 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
achromophilic
resisting color (stain)
aerobic
requiring air to live
aerocele
herniation containing air
aerophobia
abnormal fear of air
aerotherapy
treating using air (respiratory therapy)
amenorrhea
cessation of menstruation
anaerobic
able to live without air
anterolateral
front and side
anteromedial
front and middle
anteroposterior
from front to back
anterosuperior
front and top
arteriostasis
control of flow through arteries
bioethics
study of what is good and bad for living things
biology
science of studying living things
blastoderm
embryonic disk that gives rise to the endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm
caudad
toward the tail (sacrum)
cephalad
toward the head
cephalocaudal
from head to tail
chondrodysplasia
defective development of cartilage
chromogenesis
formation of color
chromolysis
destruction of color
chromometer
measuring color
chromophilic
attracting color (stain)
coronal
pertaining to the crown or encircling
coronary
pertaining to the crown or encircling (reference to around the heart)
diagnosis
identifying a disease
diarrhea
abnormally loose watery bowel movement
distal
away from a point of origin or designated point
dorsal
back (posterior)
dorsocephalad
from back toward the head
dysentery
inflammation of the intestine
dysmenorrhea
difficult or painful menstruation
dyspepsia
poor digestion
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
dystocia
difficulty in labor
ectocytic
outside the cell (extracellular, adjective)
ectoderm
outer embryonic (germ) layer
ectogenous
formed outside the body (from another source, adjective)
ectopic
outside of the normal location (adjective)
ectoplasm
outer membrance of the cell
endocardium
inner membrane layer of the heart
endochondral
within the cartilage (adjective)
endocolitis
inflammation of the lining of the colon
endocystic
inside the urinary bladder or inside a cyst (adjective)
endoderm
inner embryonic (germ) layer
endoenteritis
inflammation of the lining of the small intestine
endogenous
made by one's own body (adjective)
endoscopy
process of using a scope to look inside the body
eugenics
choosing good genetic trait to propogate
eupepsia
good digestion
eupnea
easy breathing
euthanasia
easy death
eutocia
easy labor
hyperplasia
overdevelopment (too many cells)
hypoplasia
underdevelopment (too few cells)
inferior
below
lateral
side
lithotripsy
surgical crushing of a stone
lymphostasis
control of lymph flow
medial
middle
menopause
cessation of menstruation, ovulation, and atrophy of femal reproductive system
menorrhagia
hemorrhage during menstruation
menses
menstruation (menorrhea), plural: menses
midsagittal
the plane dividing the body into equal right and left halves
neurotripsy
surgical crushing of a nerve
omphalectomy
excision of the umbillicus
omphalic
pertaining to the umbilicus
omphalitis
inflammation of the umbilicus
omphalocele
umbilical hernia (umbilicocele)
omphalorrhagia
hemorrhage of the umbilicus
osteochondrodysplasia
defective development of bone and cartilage
para-appendicitis
inflammation of near the appendix
paracentral
pertaining to near the center (adjective)
paracolpitis
inflammation near the vagina
paracystitis
inflammation near the urinary bladder
parahepatitis
inflammation near the liver
paranephritis
inflammation near the kidney
parietal
pertaining to the wall
peritoneum
membrane of the abdomen
phlebostasis
control of flow through a vein (venostasis)
pleura
membrane of the lungs
posteroanterior
from back to front
posteroexternal
back and outside
posterointernal
back and inside
posterolateral
back and side
procephalic
in front of the head
prognosis
predicting the outcome of a disease
prognostic
pertaining to a prognosis
proximal
near the point of origin or a designated point
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy (pseudopregnancy)
pseudocyst
false cyst
pseudoedema
false swelling
pseudoesthesia
false sensation (i.e. phantom limb)
retrocolic
behind the colon (adjective)
retroflexion
bending (flexing) backward
retroperitoneum
behind the peritoneum
retroperitonitis
inflammation of the area behind the peritoneum
retrosternal
behind the sternum (adjective)
retroversion
twisting (turning) backward
sagittal
vertical in an anteroposterior direction or plane
superior
above
syphilophobia
abnormal fear of syphilis
syphilopsychosis
severe mental condition caused by untreated syphilis
syphilotherapy
treatment for syphilis
AD
right ear
AP
anterior to posterior
AS
left ear (auris sinstra)
AU
both ears (auris uterque)
Bx
Biopsy
CT
computed tomography
DRG
diagnostic-related group
Dx
diagnosis, diagnoses
ESRD
end-stage renal disease
Hx
history
LAT
lateral
LMP
last menstrual period
LOA
left occiput anterior
LPO
left posterior oblique
OD
right eye (ocula dextra)
OS
left eye (ocula sinistra)
OT
occupational therpay
OU
both eyes (ocula uterque), each eye
PA
posterior to anterior
p
after
Px
prognosis, prognoses
ROP
right occiput posterior
RPO
right posterior oblique
RPR, VDRL
syphilis test (blood test)
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TB
tuberculosis
ecto-
outside
endo-
inside
meso-
middle
para-
near
retro-
behind