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151 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fontanelle
soft spot between the bones of the skull in an infant
inflammation of a tendon sheath
tenosynovitis
fossa
shallow cavity in or on a bone
amyoytrophic lateral sclerosis
muscle degenerates (paralysis occurs) owing to degeneration of nervesin the spinal cord and lower region of the brain
joint
place where bones meet
subluxation
partial or incomplete displacement of a bone from its joint
kyphosis
humpback
fibromyalgia
pain of muscle and fibrous tissue (especially in the back); also called rheumatism
bat-shaped bone extending behined the eyes to form the base of the skull
sphenoid bone
A sac of fluid near a joint is a __________.
bursa
talipes
clubfoot
backward (upward) bending of the foot
dorsiflexion
calcaneus
heel bone; largest of the tarsal bones
The membrane that lines the joint cavity is the _______________.
synovial membrane
removal of hand bones
metacarpectomy
leiomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth (involuntary, visceral) muscle
lower jaw bone
mandible
benign tumor of cartilage
chondroma
poor bone development
osteodystrophy
polymyositis
inflammation of many muscles
forms the roof and upper side parts of the skull
parietal bone
malignant tumor of cartilage
chondrosarcoma
pertaining to the heel bone
calcaneal
muscular dystrophy
degeneration of muscles with nerve involvement
foramen magnum
opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes
Fluid found near a joint is called __________.
synovial fluid
craniotome
instrument to cut the skull
rhabdomyoma
benign tumor of striated (voluntary, skeletal) muscle
forms the back and base of the skull
occipital
Inflammation surrounding a joint is known as _____________.
periarthritis
ossification
process of bone formation
myasthenia gravis
loss of strength of muscles (often with paralysis) owing to a defect at the space between the muscle and the nerve cell
piece of cartilage between each vertebra
intervertebral disc
Surgical repair of a joint is called ___________.
arthroplasty
pertaining to the upper arm bone
humeral
closed fracture
break in the bone without an open skin wound
foramen
opening in a bone for blood vessels and nerves
abnormal condition of blood in the joint
hemarthrosis
costoclavicular
pertaining to the ribs and clavicle
osteogenic sarcoma
cancerous tumor of the bone;
Yellow bone marrow is composed of __________ tissue.
fat
turning the palm backward
pronation
pertaining to the sacrum and ilium
sacroiliac
abscess
collection of pus
A thin layer of cartilage surrounding the ends of bones at the joints is _____________.
articular cartilage
incision of a joint
arthrotomy
hypercalcemia
excessive calcium in the blood
comminuted fracture
bone is splintered or crushed
tubercle
small rounded proces for attachment of tendons or muscles
podagra
pain in the big toe from gouty arthritis
Colles fracture
fracture of the lower end of the radius at the wrist
The shaft of the long bone is called the ____________.
diaphysis
degenerative joint disease; chronic inflammation of bones and joints
osteoarthritis
decalcification
removal of calcium from the bones
greenstick fracture
one side of the bone is fractured; the other side is bent
space through which the spinal cord passes
neural canal
Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones is called a ______.
tendon
spondylosis
abnormal condition of the vertebrae; degernative changes in the spine
crepitus
crackling sensation as broken bones move against each other
The ends of a long bone are called the ____________.
epiphyses
tendonitis
inflammation of a tendon
osteogenisis
formation of bone
impacted fracture
bone is broken and one end is wedged into the interior of the adjoining bone
fissure
narrow, deep, slit like opening
turning the palm forward
supination
pertaining to below the knee cap
subpatellar
open reduction
bone is put in proper place after incision through the skin
delicate bone, composed of spongy, cancellous tissue; supports the nasal cavity and orbits of the eye
ethmoid bone
Another term for joint
articulation
softening of cartilage
chonromalacia
osteomyelitis
inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
xiphoid process
lower portion of the sternum
metastatic bone lesion
malignant tumor that has spread to bone from the breast, lung, kidney, or prostate gland
myelopoiesis
formation of bone marrow
compound (open) fracture
break in bone with wound in the skin
bone head
rounded end of a bone separated from the rest of the bone by a neck
Connective tissue that binds bones to other bones is called a ____________.
ligament
remove of the lamin of the vertebral arch
laminectomy
osteoporosis
increased porosity in bone (decreased bone density)
lamina
portion of the verterbral arch
abnormal swelling of a metatarsophalangeal joint
bunion
scapular
pertaining to the shoulder bone
compression fracture
bone is broken by pressure from another bone; often in vertebrae
metaphysis
flared portion of a long bone that lies between the diaphysis and the epiphyseal plate
an inherited condition in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to grow normally due to defective cartilege and bone
achondroplasia
osteitis
inflammation of bone
Ewing sarcoma
malignant tumor of bone; often involving the entire shaft of a long bone
Hard, dense bone tissue lying under the periosteum is ________.
Compact bone
Smooth cartilage that surrounds the surface of bones at joints is
articular cartilage
pertaining to the shin bone
tibial
osteomalacia
softening of bones (rickets in children)
malleolus
the bulge on either side of the ankle joint; the lower end of the fibula is the lateral malleolus, and the lower end of the tibia is the medial malleolus
chronic joint disease; inflamed and painful joints owing to autoimmune reaction against normal joint tissue
rheumatoid arthritis
mastoid process
round process on the temporal bone behind the ear
closed reduction
bone is put in proper place without incision of the skin
The ____________ is a central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of long bones.
medullary cavity
arthrodesis
surgical fixation of a joint (binding it together by fusing the joint surface)
styloid process
pole-like process projecting downard from the temporal bone
ostepenia
deficiency of bone; occurs in osteoporosis
tuberosity
large, rounded process for attachment of muscles or tendons
suture joint
A joint in which apposed bones are closely united as in skull bones
epiphyseal
pertaining to the epiphyses
sciatica
pain radiating from the back of the leg
cheek bone
zygomatic bone
chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of the joints, especially of the spine
ankylosing spondylitis
Bone cells are called ____________.
Osteocytes
abnormal condition of a crooked, stiffened, immobile joint
ankylosis
upper jaw bone
maxilla
suture of a tendon
tennorhaphy
The bones cells of a fetus are composed mainly of _____________.
cartilage
chronic inflammatory disease affecting not only the joints, but also the skin, kidneys, heart and lungs
systemic lupus erythematosus
The strong membrane surrounding the surface of a bone is the _________________.
periosteum
bending the sole of the foot downward
plantar flexion
Bones are composed of bony connective tissue called _______ tissue.
Osseous
inflammation of a sac of fluid near the joint
bursitis
bone near the ear and connecting to the lower jaw
temporal bone
softening of cartilage
chondormalacia
During bone development, immature bone cells called __________ produce bony tissue.
osteoblasts
straightening out a limb
extension
sinus
hollow cavity within the bone
circular movement around an axis
rotation
Two mineral substances necessary for proper development of bones are _______ and __________.
calcium and phosphorous
movement toward the midline
adduction
bone that supports the bridge of the nose
nasal bone
bending a limb
flexion
Large bone cells called ____________ digest bone tissue to shape the bone and smooth it out.
osteoclasts
movement away from the midline
abduction
A series of canals containing blood vessels lie within the outer dense tissue of bone and are called the _________ canals.
haversian
pyrexia
fever; increase in body temperature
A round, small bone resembling a sesame seed in shape and covering the knee joint is called (an) ______________ bone.
sesamoid
sprain
trauma to a joint with swelling, and injury to ligaments
thin, flat bone forming the lower portion of the nasal septum
vomer
strain
overstretching of a muscle
abnormal anterior curvature of the spine
lordosis
The cartilaginous area at the end of a long bone where growth takes places is called the ______________.
epiphyseal plate
lateral curvature of the spine
scoliosis
forms the forehead
frontal bone
forward slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra over a lower vertebra
spondyloisthesis
condyle
rounded, knuckle-like process at the joint
benign tumors arising from the bone surface
exostoses
trochanter
Large process on the femur for attachment of muscles
brittle bone disease
osteogenesis imperfecta
Red bone marrow is found in spongy or ____________ bone.
cancellous or trabecular
anterior part of a vertebra
vertebral body
three parts of the hip bone are _______
ilium, ischium, pubis
posterior part of a vertebra
vertebral arch
two paired bones, one located at the corner of each eye
lacrimal bones
acromion
extension of the scapula
acetabulum
depression in the hip bone into which the femur fits
olecranon
bony process at the proximal end of the ulna; elbow joint
pubic symphysis
area of fusion of the two pubis bones, at the midline