Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following best describes the purpose of the new HIPAA legislation?

Defines the most current BSI precautions.

Regulation relating to patient consent laws

Regulates the sharing and transfer of patient information.

Strengthens the Good Samaritan laws in most states.
Regulates the sharing and transfer of patient information.
Confidential patient information may be divulged:


when subpoenaed by a court.

to alert other EMT-Bs that a patient has an infectious disease.

to members of your squad or department ONLY.

all of the above
when subpoenaed by a court.
Which statement in reference to Good Samaritan laws is true?


Good Samaritan laws prevent lawsuits against EMT-Basics.

Good Samaritan laws protect EMT-Basics in the event of grossly negligent care.

Good Samaritan laws protect EMT-Basics who act in good faith and at their level of training.

Good Samaritan laws only apply to EMT-Paramedics.
Good Samaritan laws protect EMT-Basics who act in good faith and at their level of training.
__ is permission from the patient, and is required prior to any treatment or action by the EMT-B.


Consent

Abandonment

Scope of care


Medical direction
Consent
You come upon a patient in cardiac arrest. You can treat this patient based on:


expressed consent.

implied consent.

consent of incapacity.

formal consent.
expressed consent.
Most states require EMT-Basics to report certain types of incidents to law enforcement. These include:


patients under the age of 18 who are pregnant.

patients under the age of 21 who have been drinking alcohol.

patients who are victims of domestic abuse.

patients transported from extended-care facilities.
patients who are victims of domestic abuse.
Which of the following best defines "expressed consent?"


Consent given by law when treating an unconscious patient

Consent given by a competent adult

The consent rendered for patients under the legal age

The consent given by law allowing you to treat a mentally incompetent patient
Consent given by a competent adult
When responding to a possible crime scene, the EMT-Basic should:


immediately enter the scene to treat patients with possible life-threatening injuries.

make the scene safe so law enforcement can enter.

attempt to disarm any violent person with a weapon.

provide patient care once law enforcement has made the scene safe.
provide patient care once law enforcement has made the scene safe.
A finding of negligence against an EMT-Basic requires certain circumstances be proved, including that the:


EMT-Basic deliberately caused harm to the patient.


EMT-Basic's training did not meet DOT minimum curriculum requirements.

EMT-Basic did not provide the standard of care.

harm caused by the EMT-Basic's actions were physical in nature.
EMT-Basic did not provide the standard of care.
Which of the following is your primary "ethical" consideration when caring for a patient?


The care and well-being of the patient

Your personal safety

The safety of bystanders

The well-being of your partner
The care and well-being of the patient
Forcing a competent patient to go to the hospital against his will may result in:


a charge of kidnapping.

charges of assault and battery.

a charge of false arrest.

a charge of wrongful detention.
charges of assault and battery.
In order for a patient to refuse care or transport, the conditions that must be met include:


the patient's being fully informed of the risks.

law enforcement's witnessing the refusal.

the patient's family's assuming responsibility.

arrangements being made to take the patient home.
the patient's being fully informed of the risks.
You arrive at a motor vehicle crash to find one conscious, alert, adult patient. You ask the patient if you may help him. He says, "Yes." This is an example of:


implied consent.

legal consent.

expressed consent.

formal consent.
expressed consent
Guidelines that define the extent and limits of the job the EMT-Basic does are referred to as:


standing orders.

a scope of practice.

off-line medical control.

on-line medical control.
a scope of practice
In a situation where an adult patient is refusing emergency care, a(n) _______ may be able to force the patient to go to the hospital anyway.


EMT-Paramedic


on-line physician

police officer

incident commander
police officer
In most cases, the oral requests of a family member for the EMT-Basic to withhold care from a patient are as valid as a legal DNR order.

True

False
True
Most legal problems can be prevented by the EMT-Basic's performing proper care within the scope of practice and properly documenting the care.

True

False
True
In many states, the off-duty EMT-Basic has no legal obligation to provide care.

True

False
True
Lawsuits against EMT-Basics usually result from either a patient refusal or negligence.

True

False
True
To prove negligence, it must be shown that there was first a duty to act, that the EMT-B breached that duty, and that in not providing the appropriate standard of care, harm was caused to the patient.

True

False
True