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262 Cards in this Set

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acr
combining form = extremities
o
connecting vowel
megal
cpmbining form =(abnormally) large or long
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
acromegaly-etymological meaning
a condition with abnormally large or long extremities
acromegaly-dictionary meaning
a chronic syndrome of growth hormone excess, most often caused by a pituitary macroadenoma
all
combining form = other, divergence,difference from
odyn
combining form = pain
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
allodynia-etymological meaning
a condition of having pain
allodynia-dictionary meaning
the condition in which an ordinarily painless stimulus, once perceived, is experienced as being painful
ampho
prefix = on both sides, around, both
cyt
combining form = cell
e
English suffix
amphocyte-etymological meaning
on both sides of a cell
amphocyte-dictionary meaning
a cell that stainswith either acid or basic stains
ana
prefix = up, back, against
stom
combining form = mouth, opening
osis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal or diseased condition
anastomosis-etymological meaning
abnormal condition up an opening or mouth
anastomosis-dictionary meaning
1. a natural communication between two vessels, maybe direct or by means of connecting channels 2. the surgical or pathological connection of two tubular structures
an
prefix = not, without, lacking, deficient
em
combining form = blood
ic
adjective-forming suffix = pertaining to, located in
anemic-etymological meaning
pertaining to a deficiency in blood
anemic-dictionary meaning
petaining to anemia; deficient red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in volume of blood
an
prefix = not, without, lacking, deficient
erg
combining form = action, work
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
anergia-etymological meaning
a state of lacking work or action
anergia-dictionary meaning
inactivity; lack of energy
an
prefix = not, without, lacking, deficient
odyn
combining form = pain
e
English suffix = drug, agent
anodyne-etymological meaning
a drug that helps being without pain
anodyne-dictionary meaning
a drug that relieves pain
arthro
combining form = joint
py
combining form = pus
osis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal or diseased condition
arthropyosis-etymological meaning
abnormal condition with pus in the joints
a
prefix = not, without, lacking, deficient
syn
prefix = together, with , joined
erg
combining form = action, work
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
asynergy-etymological meaning
a state of an action not working together
asynergy-dictionary meaning
lack of coordination among parts or organs normally acting in unison
cheir
combining form = hand
o
connecting vowel
log
combining form = word, study, the study or science of
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
cheirology-etymological meaning
the study of hands
cheirology-dictionary meaning
representing words by signs made with the fingers
chole
combining form = bile, gall
lith
combining form = stone, calculus
iasis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal presence of
cholelithiasis-etymological meaning
the abnormal presence of calculi in the gall
cholelithiasis-dictionary meaning
the presence or formation of gallstones
coli
combining form = colon
cyst
combining form = bladder, cyst
itis
noun-forming suffix = inflamed condition, inflammation
colicystitis-etymological meaning
inflammation of the bladder
colicystitis-dictionary meaning
inflammation of the bladder resulting from Eschericia coli
col
combining form = colon
o
connecting vowel
enter
(small) intestine
itis
noun-forming suffix = inflamed condition or inflammation
coloenteritis-etymological meaning
inflammation of the intestine
coloenteritis-dictionary meaning
inflammation of the mucous membrane of the small and large intestines
colon
combining form = colon
alg
combining form = pain
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
colonalgia-etymological meaning
a condition with pain in the colon
colonalgia-dictionary meaning
pain in the colon
col
combining form = colon
o
connecting vowel
stom
combining form = mouth, opening
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
colostomy-etymological meaning
an opening of the colon
colostomy-dictionary meaning
the opening of a portion of the colon through the abdominal wall to its skin surface
cyan
combining form = blue
osis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal or diseased condition
cyanosis-etymological meaning
an abnormal condition of blue tissue
cyanosis-dictionary meaning
a blue, gray, slate, or dark purple discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes caused by ddeoxyogenated or reduced hemoglobin in blood
cyst
combining form = bladder, cyst
oma
noun-forming suffix = tumor, disease
cystoma-etymological meaning
a tumor consisting of cysts in the bladder
cystoma-dictinary meaning
a cystic tumor; a growth containing cysts
dys
prefix = difficult, painful, defective, abnormal
enter
combining form = (small) intestine
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
dysentery-etymological meaning
a condition with pain in the intestine
dysentery-dictionary meaning
diarrhea containing blood and mucus, resulting from inflammation of the walls of the gastrointestinal tract, esp. the colon
endo
prefix = within
gastr
combining form = stomach
itis
noun-forming suffix = inflamed conditon, inflammation
endogastritis-etymological meaning
inflammation within the stomach
endogastritis-dictionary meaning
acute or chronic inflammation of the lining of the stomach
enter
combining form = (small) intestine
o
connecting vowel
chole
combining form = bile, gall
cyst
combining form = bladder, cyst
o
connecting vowel
stom
combining form = mouth, opening
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
enterocholecystostomy-etymological meaning
an opening between the small intestine and the gallbladder
enterocholecystostomy-dictionary meaning
a surgically created opening between the gallbladder and small intestine
enter
combining form = (small) intestine
odyn
combining form = pain
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
enterodynia-etymological meaning
pain in the intestine
enterodynia-dictionary meaning
pain in the intestines; intestinal cramps or colic
epi
prefix = upon, over, above
gastr
combining form = stomach
ium
noun-forming suffix = membrane, connective tissue
epigastrium-etymological meaning
membrane over the stomach
epigastrium-dictionary meaning
the superior central portion of the abdomen
eu
prefix = good, normal, healthy
chol
combining form = bile, gall
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
eucholia-etymological meaning
a normal bile
eucholia-dictionary meaning
the normal condition of bile regarding its constituents and the amount secreted
gastr
combining form = stomach
o
connecting vowel
cele
combining form = hernia, tumor, swelling
gastrocele-etymological meaning
hernia of the stomach
gastrocele-dictionary meaning
a hernia of the stomach
gastr
combining form = stomach
o
connecting vowel
lith
combining form = stone, calculus
iasis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal or diseased condition
gastrolithiasis-etymological meaning
calculi in the stomach
gastrolithiasis-dictionary meaning
the formation of calculi in the stomach
hemat
combining form = blood
oma
noun-forming suffix = tumor, disease
hematoma-etymological meaning
a swelling comprising a mass of extravasated blood (usually clotted) confined to an organ, tissue, or space and caused by a breal in a blood vessel
hepar
combining form =liver
in
noun-forming suffix = substance
heparin-etymological meaning
a substance that helps with the liver
heparin-dictionary meaning
a parenteral anticoagulant drug with a faster effect than warfarin
hepat
combining form = liver
o
connecting vowel
splen
combining form = pleen
itis
noun-forming suffix = inflammation, inflamed condition
hepatosplenitis-etymological meaning
inflammation of the liver and spleen
hepatosplenitis-dictionary meaning
inflammation of the liver and spleen
hetero
prefix = different, other, relationship to another
prosop
combining form = face
us
noun-forming suffix = condition, person
heteroprosopus-etymological meaning
a condition with a different face
heteroprosopus-dictionary meaning
a congenitally deformed fetus having one head and two faces
hyper
prefix = over, above excessive, beyond normal
em
prefix = in, into, within
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
hyperemia-etymological meaning
a state of excessiveness
hyperemia-dictionary meaning
congestion; an unusual amount of blood in a part
lip
combining form = fat
em
prefix = in, into, within
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
lipemia-etymological meaning
associated with fat
lipemia-dictionary meaning
an abnormal amount of fat in the blood
melan
combining form = dark, black
oma
noun-forming suffix = tumor, disease
melanoma-etymological meaning
a dark tumor
melanoma-dictionary meaning
a malignant tumor of darkly pigmented cells (melanocytes)
meta
prefix = change, transformation, after, behind
bi
combining form = life
osis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal or diseased condition
metabiosis-etymological meaning
an abnormal condition associated with a change of life
metabiosis-dictionary meaning
dependence of an organism for its existence on another
micr
combining form = abnormally small
o
connecting vowel
b
part of Greek noun bios
e
English noun-forming suffix
microbe-etymological meaning
abnormally small life
microbe-dictionary meaning
a unicellular or small multicellular organism including bacteria, protozoa, some algae and fungi, viruses
micr
combining form = abnormally small
o
connecting vowel
cephal
combining form = head
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
microcephalia-etymological meaning
an abnormally small head
microcephalia-dictionary meaning
abnormal smallness of head often seen in mental retardation
nephr
combining form = kidney
o
connecting vowel
cyst
combining form = bladder, cyst
ana
prefix = up, back against
stom
combining form = mouth, opening
osis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal or diseased condition
nephrocystanastomosis-etymological meaning
opening between the kidney and the bladder
nephrocystanastomosis-dictionary meaning
surgical formation of an artificial connection between the kidney and the bladder where there is permanent ureteral destruction
nephr
combining form = kidney
o
connecting vowel
py
combining form = pus
osis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal or diseased condition
nephropyosis-etymological meaning
abnormal condition with pus coming from the kidney
nephropyosis-dictionary meaning
purulence of the kidney
nyct
combining form - night
alg
combining form = pain
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
nyctalgia-etymological meaning
pain at night
nyctalgia-dictionary meaning
pain occurring at night
pachy
combining form = thick
cephal
combining form = head
ic
adjective-forming suffix =pertaining to, located in
pachycephalic-etymological meaning
pertaining to a thick head
pachycephalic-dictionary meaning
possessing an abnormally thick skull
par
prefix = alongside, around abnormal, beyond
acanth
combining form = thorn, spine
oma
noun-forming suffix = tumor, disease
paracanthoma-etymological meaning
a tumor associated with a spinous structure
paracanthoma-dictionary meaning
a tumor invloving the prickle cell layer of the epidermis
par
prefix = alongside, around, abnormal, beyond
enter
combining form = (small) intestine
al
adjective-forming suffix = pertaining to, located in
parenteral-etymological meaning
pertaining to around the small intestine
parenteral-dictionary meaning
denoting any medication route other than the alimentary canal, such as intravenous, subcutaneous, intramuscular, or mucosal
pro
prefix = before
encephal
combining form = brain
us
noun-forming suffix = condition, person
proencephalus-etymological meaning
a condition with the brain
proencephalus-dictionary meaning
a deformed fetus in which the brain protrudes through a fissure in the frontal area of the skull
prot
combining form = first, primitive, early
o
connecting vowel
gaster
stomach
protogaster-etymological meaning
the early form of a stomach
protogaster-dictionary meaning
the archenteron or gastrocele; the cavity in a gastrula or developing embryo from which the digestive tract develops
pseud
combining form = false
o
connecting vowel
an
prefix = not, without, lacking, deficient
em
prefix = in, into, within
ia
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
pseudoanemia-etymological meaning
a false condition
pseudoanemia-dictionary meaning
pallor of mucous membranes and skin without other signs of true anemia
py
combining form = pus
o
connecting vowel
nephr
combining form = kidney
osis
noun-forming suffix = abnormal, diseased condition
pyonephrosis-etymological meaning
abnormal condition of pus in the kidneys
pyonephrosis-dictionary meaning
pus accumulation in the pelvis of the kidney
sarc
combining form = flesh, soft tissue
o
connecting vowel
carcin
combining form = dull, faint
oma
noun-forming suffix = tumor, disease
sarcocarcinoma-etymological meaning
a dull tumor of soft tissue
sarcocarcinoma-dictionary meaning
a malignant tumor of sarcomatus and carcinomatus types
spasm
combining form = spasm, involuntary muscular contraction
spasm-etymological meaning
spasm
spasm-dictionary meaning
an involuntary sudden movement of muscular contraction that occurs as a result of some irritant or trauma
splen
combining form = spleen
o
connecting vowel
megal
combining form = abnormally large or long
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
splenomegaly-etymological meaning
an abnormally large spleen
splenomegaly-dictionary meaning
enlargement of the spleen
stomat
combining form = mouth, opening
itis
noun-forming suffix = inflammation, inflamed condition
stomatitis-etymological meaning
inflammation of the mouth
stomatitis-dictionary meaning
inflammation of the mouth (including the lips, tongue, and mucous membranes
syn
prefix = together, with, joined
erg
combining form = action, work
y
noun-forming suffix = state, condition
synergy-etymological meaning
a state of working together
synergy-dictionary meaning
an action of two or more agents or organs with each other, cooperating