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202 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abate
lessen, decrease, cease
abnormal
ab = away from
norm = rule
-al = pertaining to
abscess
localized collection of pus, which may occur in any part of the body
acute
sudden, sharp, severe, a disease that has a sudden onset, sever symptoms, and a short course
adhesion
adhes = stuck to
-ion = process
afferent
carrying impulses toward a center
ambulatory
the condition of being able to walk, not confined to bed
antidote
a substance given to counteract poisons and their effects
antipyretic
anti = against
pyret = fever
-ic = pertaining to
antiseptic
anti = against
sept = putrefaction
-ic = pertaining to
antitussive
anti = against
tuss = cough
-ive = nature of, quality of
apathy
condition in which one lacks feelings and emotions and is indifferent
asepsis
a = without
-sepsis = decay
autoclave
auto = self
-clave = key

apparatus used to sterilize articles by steam under pressure
autonomy
auto = self
nom = law
-y = condition
axillary
axill = armpit
-ary = pertaining to
biopsy
bi(o) = life
-opsy = to view

surgical removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination
cachexia
cac = bad
-hexia = condition
centigrade
centi = a hundred
-grade = a step
centrifuge
centr/i = center
-fuge = to flee
chemotherapy
chem/o = chemical
-therapy = treatment
chronic
a disease that continues over a long time, showing little change in symptoms or course
diagnosis
dia = through
-gnosis = knowledge
diaphoresis
dia = through
-phoresis = to carry

carry through sweat glands
disease
lack of ease
disinfectant
dis = apart
infect = infection
-ant = forming
efferent
carrying impulses away from a center
empathy
understanding feelings, emotions, and behavior of another person
epidemic
epi = upon
dem = people
-ic = pertaining to
etiology
eti/o = cause
-logy = study of
excision
ex = out
cis = to cut
-ion = process
febrile
pertaining to fever
heterogeneous
hetero = different
gene = formation, produce
-ous = pertaining to
incision
in = in, into
cis = to cut
-ion = process
macroscopic
macro = large
scop = to examine
-ic = pertaining to
malaise
bad feeling, condition of discomfort
malformation
mal = bad
format = shaping
-ion = process
malignant
malign = bad kind
-ant = forming
maximal
maxim = greatest
-al = pertaining to
microscope
micro = small
-scope = instrument
minimal
minim = least
-al = pertaining to
multiform
multi = many, much
-form = shape
necrosis
necr = death
-osis = condition of
neopathy
neo = new
-pathy = disease
oncology
onc/o = tumor
-logy = study of
pallor
paleness, lack of color
paracentesis
para = beside
-centesis = surgical puncture
prophylactic
prophylact = guarding
-ic = pertaining to
pyrogenic
pyr/o = heat, fire
-genic = formation, produce
rapport
relationship of understanding between two individuals
topography
top/o = place
-graphy = recording
triage
tri = three
-age = related to
adipose
adip = fat
pose = like

fatty tissue
ambilateral
ambi = both
later = side
-al = pertaining to
anatomy
ana = up
tomy = incision

literally to cut up, study of structure such as humans
android
andr = man
-oid = resemble
anterior
anter/i = toward the front
-or = a doer
apex
the pointed end of a cone-shaped structure
base
the lower part of a structure
bilateral
bi = two
later = side
-al = pertaining to
biology
bio = life
logy = study of
caudal
caud = tail
-al = pertaining to
cephalad
cephal = head
-ad = pertaining to
chromosome
chromo = color
-some = body

microscopic bodies carry genes that determine hereditary characteristics
cilia
hair-like processes help propel mucus...
cytology
cyt/o = cell
-logy = study of
dehydrate
de = down, away from
hydr = water
-ate = use, action
diffusion
dif = apart
fus = to pour
-ion = process
distal
dist = away from the point of origin
-al = pertaining to
ectogenous
ecto = outside
gen = formation, produce
-ous = pertaining to
ectomorph
ecto = outside
morph = form, shape

slender body form
endomorph
endo = within
morph = form, shape

round body form
filtration
filtrat = to strain through
-ion = process
histology
hist/o = tissue
-logy = study of
inferior
infer/i = below
-or = doer
inguinal
inguin = groin
-al = pertaining to
karyogenesis
kary/o = cell's nucleus
genesis = formation, produce

formation of a cell's nucleus
mesomorph
meso = middle
morph = form, shape

well-proportioned body form
perfusion
per = through
fus = pour
-ion = process
phenotype
phen/o = to show
-type = type

physical appearance or type of makeup of an individual
physiology
physi/o = nature
-logy = study of

study of nature of living organisms
posterior
poster/i = behind, toward the back
-or = a doer
proximal
proxim = near the point of origin
-al = pertaining to
somatotrophic
somat/o = body
troph = turning
-ic = pertaining to

stimulation of body growth
superficial
superfic/i = near the surface
-al = pertaining to
superior
super/i = upward
-or = a doer
systemic
system = a composite whole
-ic = pertaining to
topical
topic = place
-al = pertaining to
unilateral
uni = one
later = sode
-al = pertaining to
ventral
ventr = near the belly side
-al = pertaining to
visceral
viscer = body organs
-al = pertaining to
acrochordon
acr/o = extremity
chord = cord
-on = pertaining to

small outgrowth of epidermal and dermal tissue
actinic dermatitis
actin = ray
-ic = pertaining to
dermat = skin
-itis = inflammation
albinism
albin = white
-ism = condition of
alopecia
a = without, lack of
lopec = fox manage
-ia = pertaining to

loss of hair, baldness
anhidrosis
an = without, lack of
hidr = sweat
-osis = condition of
autograft
auto = self
-graft = pencil, grafting knife
avulsion
a = away from
vuls = to pull
-ion = process
bulla
large blister
candidiasis
infection of skin or mucous with Candida species
causalgia
caus = heat
-algia = pain
cellulitis
cellul = little cell
-itis = inflammation
cicatrix
scar left after healing of wound
comedo
blackhead
cutaneous
cutane = skin
-ous = pertaining to
cyst
bladder or sac
decubitus
de = down
cubit = to lie
-us = pertaining to
dehiscence
separation or bursting open of surgical wound
dermatitis
dermat = skin
itis = inflammation
dermatome
derma = skin
-tome = instrument to cut
dermomycosis
derm/o = skin
myc = fungus
-osis = condition of
ecchymosis
ec = out
chym = juice
-osis = condition of
eczema
an inflammatory skin disease of the epidermis
erythroderma
erythr/o = red
-derma = skin
eschar
slough, scab
excoriation
ex = out
coriat = corium
-ion = process
exudate
production of pus or serum
folliculitis
follicul = little bag
-itis = inflammation
hidradenitis
hidr = sweat
aden = gland
-itis = inflammation
hyperhidrosis
hyper = excessive
hidr = sweat
-osis = condition of
hypodermic
hypo = under
derm = skin
-ic = pertaining to
icteric
icter = jaundice
-ic = pertaining to
intradermal
intra = within
derm = skin
-al = pertaining to
jaundice
jaund = yellow
-ic(e) = pertaining to
keloid
kel = tumor
-oid = resemble
lentigo
freckle
leukoderma
leuk/o = white
-derma = skin
leukoplakia
leuk/o = white
plak = plate
-ia = pertaining to
lupus
describe destructive type of skin lesion
melanocarcinoma
melan/o = black
carcin = cancer
-oma = tumor
miliaria
miliar = millet (tiny)
-ia = pertaining to
onychitis
onych = nail
-itis = inflammation
onychomycosis
onych/o = nail
myc = fungus
-osis = condition of
pachyderma
pachy = thick
-derma = skin
paronychia
par = around
onych =nail
-ia = condition
pediculosis
pedicul = a louse
-osis = condition of

infestation with lice
petechiae
small, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on skin
pruritus
prurit = itching
-us = pertaining to
psoriasis
chronic skin disease characterized by pink or dull--red lesions
rhytidoplasty
rhytid/o = wrinkle
-plasty = surgical repair
scleroderma
scler/o = hard
-derma = skin
seborrhea
seb/o = oil
-rrhea = flow
senile keratosis
senile = old
kerat = horn
-osis = condition of
subcutaneous
sub = below
cutane = skin
-ous = pertaining to
subungual
sub = below
ungu = nail
-al = pertaining to
telangiectasia
tel = end, distant
ang/i = vessel
-ectasia = dilatation

birthmark
thermanesthesis
therm = hot, heat
an = without, lack of
-esthesia = sensation
trichomycosis
trich/o = hair
myc = fungus
-osis = condition of
xeanthoderma
xeanth/o = yellow
derma = skin
xeroderma
xer/o = dry
derma = skin
achondroplasia
a = without
chrondr/o = cartilage
-plasia = formation
acroarthritis
acr/o = extremity
arthr = joint
-itis = inflammation
acromion
acr = extremity, point
-omion = shoulder
ankylosis
ankyl = stiffening, crooked
-osis = condition of
arthralgia
arthr = joint
-algia = pain
arthrocentesis
arthr = joint
-centesis = surgical puncture
bursitis
bura = a pouch
-itis = inflammation
calcaneal
calcan/e = heel bone
-al = pertaining to
carpal
carp = wrist
-al = pertaining to
condrocostal
chondr/o = cartiliage
cost = rib
-al = pertaining to
collagen
coll/a = glue
-gen = formation, produce
dactylogram
dactyl/o = finer or toe
-gram = mark, record

fingerprint
hallux
big toe
ischial
isch/i = ischium, hip
-al = pertaining to
kyphosis
kyph = a hump
-osis = condition of
lordosis
lord = bending
-osis = condition of
mandibular
mandibul = lower jawbone
-ar = pertaining to
maxillary
maxill = jawbone
-ary = pertaining to
meniscus
mecisc = crescent
-cus = pertaining to
metacarpal
meta = beyond
carp = wrist
-al = pertaining to

bones of hand
myelitis
myel = marrow
-itis = inflammation
myleopoiesis
myel/o = marrow
-poiesis = formation
olrcranal
olecran = elbow
-al = pertaining to
osteochondritis
osteo = bone
chond = cartilage
ritis = inflammation
osteoporosis
osteo = bone
por = passage
-osis = condition of

reduction of bone mass
patellar
pertaining to kneecap
pedal
pertaining to foot
periosteodema
peri = around
osteo = bone
edema = swelling
phalangeal
phalang/e = closely knit row
-al = pertaining to

bones of fingers and toes
rachigraph
rach/i = spine
-graph = to write
scapular
pertaining to shoulder blade
spondylitis
inflamation of vertebrae
ulnar
pertain to elbow
anatagonist
ant = against
agony = agony, contest
-ist = agent
aponeurosis
apo = separation
neur = nerve
-osis = condition of
ataxia
a = lack of
-taxia = order
atonic
a = lack of
ton = tone, tension
-ic = pertaining to
bradykinesis
brady = slow
-kinesia = motion
clonic
clon = turmoil
-ic = pertaining to
myokinesis
my/o = muscle
-kinesis = motion
myoparesis
my/o = muscle
-paresis = weakness
cholecystitis
chol/e = gall
cyst = bladder
-itis = inflammation
enteric
pertaining to intestine
gastric
pertaining to the stomach
gastroenterology
gastro = stomach
entero = intestine
logy = study of
hepatitis
inflammation of liver
lipolysis
lipo = fat
lysis = destruction, to separate
mastication
process of chewing
peptic
pept = to digest
ic = pertaining to
angioplasty
angio = vessel
plasty = surgical repair
cardiopulmonary
pertaining to heart and lung
vasoconstrictive
vaso = vessel
con = together
strict = to draw, to bind
-ive = nature of, quality of