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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
endo-
-within
-scope
-scopy
-to view
-process or procedure of viewing
lapar/o?
-abdominal cavity or wall
-laparoscopy
What is a craniotome?
-instrument used to cut skull bones
thorac/o?
-chest
What is a procedure to make an opening in the windpipe?
-tracheostomy
-stomy?
-to create an opening
(stoma means mouth in Latin)
-centesis?
-specific kind of surgical incision to remove fluid
-thoracocentesis
-tripsy?
-to crush
lith/o?
-stone or calculus
What is the procedure to noninvasively crushing stones in the body?
-extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
thromb/o?
-clot
hemat/o?
-blood
-rrhaphy
-to suture, to close an opening using surgical stitches
-herniorrhaphy
What is a hernia?
-a protrusion of a portion of an organ through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall of the surrounding cavity
-pexy?
-to anchor
-to secure in place
-hysteropexy
What is a prolapse?
-a condition of sinking or falling down
-plasty?
-to repair
-pyloroplasty
-bepharoplasty
pylor/o?
-pylorus (opening from stomach)
blephar/o?
-eyelid
-ectomy
-to excise or remove surgically
append/o, appenic/o?
-appendix
-appendectomy
mamm/o, mast/o?
-breast
What is mammoplasty?
-repairing of the breast
What is a mastectomy?
-removal of entire breast
What is securing a kidney in place called?
-nephropexy
What is the excision of a kidney called?
-nephrectomy
aden/o?
-gland
-adenectomy
tonsill/o?
-tonsil or tonsils
-tonsillectomy
chir/o?
-hand
col/o, colon/o
-large intestine
What is a colectomy?
-surgical removal of the colon or portion or the colon
What is a colostomy?
-creation of an artificial opening from the colon to the outside of the body
What is a plypectomy?
-removal of polyps found in the colon
vas/o?
-vessel AND/OR the ductus deferens (vas deferens)
angi/o?
-vessel
encephal/o?
-brain
cerebr/o?
-brain, often the cerebrum
-algia
-pain
-dynia
-pain
my/o?
-muscle
-myalgia
arthralgia?
Ophthalmodynia?
Gastralgia/gastrodynia?
-pain in the joints
-eye pain
-stomach pain
-ectasia, ectasis?
-dilation AKA dilatation
-stasis?
-stopping or controlling
-hemostasis (like with a tourniquet)
-penia
-deficiency or lack of
-malacia
-soft or softening of
-edema?
-swelling
-myxedema(waxy swelling of the hands, face, and feet)
-emesis?
-vomit
-hematemesis (blood in vomit)
-megaly
enlargement
hepat/o?
-liver
-hepatomegaly
-oid?
-like or resembling
-dermoid
-rrhexis?
-rupture
-rrhea
-discharge
-rrhagia (-rrhage)?
-excessive bleeding or hemorrhage
-Menorrhagia is excessive menstral flow
gastrorrhexis?
-rupture of the stomach
acromegaly?
-enlargement of the extremities due to a condition of thr pituitary gland
-graphy
-graph
process of making a diagnostic image, graph or tracing
-electroencephalography
*equipment used to produce image or tracing
-gram
-tracing patterns?
-EEG
son/o (ech/o)?
-sound
ultra-?
-beyond or excess
-ultrasound (beyond the range of the human ear)
What is a sonogram?
-image made using sound
fluor/o?
-luminous or emitting light
tom/o?
to cut
MRI?
magnetic resonance imaging
sx?
Symptoms
dx?
diagnosis
WNL?
Within normal limits