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76 Cards in this Set

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Dysuria
painful or difficult urination
enuresis
the controlled or involuntary discharged of urine
decubitus
the position of a patient in bed.

a bedsore
hyposthenuria
excretion of urine of low specific gravity due to an inability of the tubules of the kidneys to produce concentrated urine
hypertension
peristent high blood pressure
kideny disease
nephrology
atrophic
a wasting away, deterioration or dimination
Guaiac-negative
the stool guiac test is a test that detects the presence of hidden (occult) blood in the stool
(bowel movement)
auscultation
the act of listening for sounds made by internal organs, such as the heart and lungs, to aid in the diagnosis of certain disorders
belligerent
Inclined or eager to fight; hostile or aggressive
cancer
Any of various malignant neoplasms characterized by the proliferation of anaplastic cells that tend to invade surrounding tissue and metastasize to new body sites
cardiovascular
Of, relating to, or involving the heart and the blood vessels
chiropractor
A system of therapy that utilizes the recuperative powers of the body and the relationship between the musculoskeletal structures and the functions of the body, particularly of the spinal column and the nervous system, in the restoration and maintenance of health
defecate
To void feces from the bowels
diabetes mellitus
severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The disease typically appears in childhood or adolescence and is characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, frequent urination, acidosis, and wasting. Also called insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes.
2. A mild form of diabetes that typically appears first in adulthood and is exacerbated by obesity and an inactive lifestyle. This disease often has no symptoms, is usually diagnosed by tests that indicate glucose intolerance, and is treated with changes in diet and an exercise regimen. Also called adult-onset diabetes, late-onset diabetes, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabete
cyanosis
A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes resulting from inadequate oxygenation of the blood
clubbing
A condition affecting the fingers and toes in which the extremities are broadened and the nails are shiny and abnormally curved
cervical disk herniation
occurs when the annulus fibrosus breaks open or cracks, allowing the nucleus pulposus to escape
bruit
A sound, especially an abnormal one, heard in auscultation
diaphragmatic
Pertaining to a diaphragm; as, diaphragmatic respiration; the diaphragmatic arteries and nerves
diarrhea
Excessive and frequent evacuation of watery feces, usually indicating gastrointestinal distress or disorder
disk space
the space available on a magnetic disk
edema
An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity
epilepsy
Any of various neurological disorders characterized by sudden recurring attacks of motor, sensory, or psychic malfunction with or without loss of consciousness or convulsive seizures
excursions
A movement from and back to a mean position or axis in an oscillating or alternating motion
exostosis
A bony growth on the surface of a bone or tooth
extraocular movements
eye movements
formen
an opening or orifice, as in a bone or in the covering of the ovule of a plant
flexion/ extension films
the act of bending a joint or limb in the body by the action of flexors
incontinence/ incontinent
the inability to control excretory functions
noncontributory
Of or relating to a pension plan in which participating members or employees are not required to support the plan with their own contributions
intercostal space
the interval between each rib
stoic
One who is seemingly indifferent to or unaffected by joy, grief, pleasure, or pain
stroke
A sudden severe attack, as of paralysis or sunstroke
symmetric
Exact correspondence of form and constituent configuration on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane or about a center or an axis
systolic-ejection murmur
due to turbulent forward flow across the right and left ventricular outflow tract, aortic or pulmonary valve, or through the aorta or pulmonaru artery
tonsillectomy
Surgical removal of tonsils or a tonsil
tuberculosis
An infectious disease of humans and animals caused by the tubercle bacillus and characterized by the formation of tubercles on the lungs and other tissues of the body, often developing long after the initial infection
ulcer
A lesion of the skin or of a mucous membrane, such as the one lining the stomach or duodenum, that is accompanied by formation of pus and necrosis of surrounding tissue, usually resulting from inflammation or ischemia.
urinate
To excrete urine
venous hum
a humming sound usually continuous, heard during auscultation of the veins at the base of the neck, especially in anemia
mental illness
Any of various psychiatric conditions, usually characterized by impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by physiological or psychosocial factors
myocardial infarction
Necrosis of a region of the myocardium caused by an interruption in the supply of blood to the heart, usually as a result of occlusion of a coronary artery
neuromuscular
Of, relating to, or affecting both nerves and muscles
Valsalva maneuver
Expiratory effort when the mouth is closed and the nostrils are pinched shut, which forces air into the eustachian tubes and increases pressure on the inside of the eardrum.
2. Expiratory effort against a closed glottis, which increases pressure within the thoracic cavity and thereby impedes venous return of blood to the heart.
organomegaly
Abnormal enlargement of the viscera. Also called organomegaly, splanchnomegaly
osteoma
benign tumor composed of bony tissue, often developing on the skull
palpation
Perceptible to touch; capable of being palpated
pathophysiology
The functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury
peptic ulcer disease
an ulcer of one of those areas of the gastrointestinal tract that are usually acidic
percussion
A method of medical diagnosis in which various areas of the body, especially the chest, back, and abdomen, are tapped with the finger or a plexor to determine by resonance the condition of internal organs
pneumonia
An acute or chronic disease marked by inflammation of the lungs and caused by viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms and sometimes by physical and chemical irritants
polyuria
Excessive passage of urine, as in diabetes. Also called hydruria
pulsations
1. The act of pulsating.
2. A single beat, throb, or vibration
respiratory
Of, relating to, used in, or affecting respiration
rheumatic fever
An acute inflammatory disease occurring during recovery from infection with group A streptococci, having an onset marked by fever and joint pain. It is associated with polyarthritis, Sydenham's chorea, and endocarditis, and is frequently followed by scarring of the heart valves
sacrum
The triangular segment of the spinal column that forms part of the pelvis and closes in the pelvic girdle posteriorly, is formed between the ages of 16 and 25 by the fusion of five originally separate sacral vertebrae, and articulates with the last lumbar vertebra, the coccyx, and the hipbone on either side
gallbladder
A small, pear-shaped muscular sac, located under the right lobe of the liver, in which bile secreted by the liver is stored until needed by the body for digestion. Also called cholecyst, cholecystis.
gastrointestinal
Relating to the stomach and the intestines
genitalia
The reproductive organs, especially the external sex organs
genitourinary
Of or relating to the genital and urinary organs or their functions
heart attack
Acute myocardial infarction typically resulting from an occlusion or obstruction of a coronary artery and characterized by sudden, severe pain in the chest that often radiates to the shoulder, arm, or jaw.
arcane
Known or understood by only a few
abstruseness
Difficult to understand; recondite
hemoptysis
The expectoration of blood or of blood-streaked sputum from the larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs
hemiparesis
Slight paralysis or weakness affecting one side of the body. Also called hemiamyosthenia
hematemesis
The vomiting of blood
greater trochanter
A strong process overhanging the root of the neck of the femur, giving attachment to the gluteus medius and minimus muscles, the piriform muscle, the internal and external obturator muscles, and the gemelli muscles
presacral
part above or in front of the sacral bone of the hip
thrombophlebitis
Inflammation of a vein caused by or associated with the formation of a blood clot
ecchymosis/ecchymoses
The passage of blood from ruptured blood vessels into subcutaneous tissue, marked by a purple discoloration of the skin
erythema
Redness of the skin caused by dilatation and congestion of the capillaries, often a sign of inflammation or infection
predisposes
To make susceptible, as to a disease
peripheral edema
swelling of tissues, usually in the lower limbs, due to the accumlation of fluids
melena
The passage of black tarlike stools containing blood that has been acted on by the intestinal juices
varicosities
1. Varicosis.
2. A varicose enlargement or swelling