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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Ipsilateral
Same side
Unilateral
One side only
Contralateral
opposite side
DCAP-BTLS
deformities
contusions
abrasions
penetrations
burns
tenderness
lacerations
swelling
Sample
Signs + Symptoms
Allergies
Medications
Pertinent medical Hx
Last oral intake
Events that led to injury or illness
OPQRRSTi
Onset, when
Provokes, what makes it hurt?
Quality, describe?
Resolve, makes better?
Radiate, anywhere else?
Severity scale 1-10
Time, how long?
intervention, have you done anything to try and help?
AEIOU-TIPS
Alcohol (ETOH)
Epilepsy
Insulin
Overdose
Uremia (metabolic imbalance with in kidney function)
Trauma
Infection
Psychological
Stroke
Epistaxis
Nosebleed
Ecchymosis
black and blue coloration from blood leaking into surrounding tissues
Evisceration
internal organs protrude from the abdomen through the wound
Occlusive dressing
one that can form an air tight seal over the wound
Avulsion
a loose flap of skin with underlying tissue that is torn off loosely or completely
Abrasions
larger areas have risk of infection. Capillary bleeding, painful due to exposing nerve endings
Lacerations
linear lacs heal better, stellate lacs usually caused by blunt force, look for underlyinginjuries.
Stellate = adjective technical
arranged in a radiating pattern like that of a star.
Avulsions
partial or complete based on flap being completely torn off or not. Bleeding may be severe but may tamponade itself. Severity depends on distal CSM of injury, not the amount of blood loss
Tamponade: noun Medicine
1 (in full cardiac tamponade) compression of the heart by an accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac.
2 the surgical use of a plug of absorbent material.
epidural
Between the dura mater and the skull
Cushing's reflex
A protective reflex by the body to try to maintain perfusion of the brain in a head-injured patient with an increase in intracranial pressure. The systolic blood pressure increases, heart rate decreases, and the respiratory pattern changes. This collective change in vital signs indicates a severe head injury.
dura mater
outer layer of protective brain tissue (one of the three components of the meninges).
meninges
layers of tissue protecting the brain. They include the dura mater, the arachnoid and the pia mater.
parietal pain
localized, intense, sharp, constant pain associated with irritation of the peritoneum. Also called somatic pain.
meningeal
referring to the layers around the brain.
peritoneal
referring to the layers between the abdominal cavity and dermis
pons
noun ( pl. pontes |ˈpänˌtēz|) Anatomy
the part of the brainstem that links the medulla oblongata and the thalamus.
medulla oblangata
The lowermost portion of the vertebrate brain, continuous with the spinal cord and responsible for the control of respiration, circulation, and other bodily functions.
arachnoid
middle layer of protective brain tissue (part of meninges).
pia mater
inner layer of protective brain tissue (meninges).
how many cervical vertebrae
7 seven
how many thoracic vertebrae
twelve 12
how many lumbar vertebrae
5 five
how many Sacral vertebrae
9 nine
how many vertebrae
33 thirty three
spinal injury called distraction
stretched, pulled - hanging
spinal injury called flexion
forward movement chin to chest
spinal injury extension
backward movement
neurogenic shock signs
low bp, low hr with neck or spine injury
spinal shock signs
warm, dry skin with motor deficits and or sensation deficits
priapism
erection
parietal pleura
the outermost pleural layer that adheres to the chest wall
peritoneum
the lining of the abdominal cavity
signs
any objective evidence of medical or trauma conditions that can be seen, heard, felt or smelled in a pt
symptoms
conditions that must be described by the pt because they cannot be observed by another person.
Rapid Transport Indicated for:
1. Poor general impression
2. Altered LOC w/ no gag reflex, not obeying commands
3. Unable to obtain or maintain airway
4. Difficulty breathing
5. Require respiratory assistance
6. Pulseless
7. Severe blood loss
8. Shock, signs of hypoperfusion
9. Severe chest injury
10. Hypotension with chest pain
11. Poisoning or overdose of unknown substance
12. Severe allergic response (Rxn)
13. Complicated childbirth
14. Extremely hot temperature
Do a Rapid Trauma Assessment versus Focused History and Physical Examination if:
Significant mechanism of injury, possible multiple or serious injuries, or pt has altered level of consciousness.
JVD
Jugular Vein Distention
Signs & Symptoms Altered Mental Status
Description of the episode.
Onset?
Durations?
Associated symptoms?
Evidence of Trauma?
Interventions
Seizures?
Fever?
Signs & Symptoms Allergic Reactions
History of allergies?
What were you exposed to?
How were you exposed?
Effects?
Progression?
Interventions?
Signs & Symptoms Poisoning/Overdose
Substance?
When did you become exposed?
How much did you ingest?
Over what time period?
Interventions
Estimated Weight?
Signs & Symptoms Environmental Emergency
Source?
Environment?
Duration?
LOC?
Effects - general or local?
Signs & Symptoms Obstetrics
Are you pregnant?
How long have you been P?
Pain or contractions?
Bleeding or discharge?
Do you feel the need to push?
Last menstrual period?
Signs & Symptoms Behavioral
How do you feel?
Determine suicidal tendencies.
Is the pt a threat to self or others?
Is there a medical problem?
Interventions?
Palliate
|ˈpalēˌāt|
verb [ trans. ]
make (a disease or its symptoms) less severe or unpleasant without removing the cause : treatment works by palliating symptoms.
Kyphosis
Noun Medicine: Excessive outward curvature of the spine, causing hunching of the back. Compare with Lordosis.
Lordosis
Noun Medicine: Excessive inward curvature of the spine. Compare with kyphosis
integument
noun: a tough outer protective layer, esp. that of an animal or plant.
Embolic Stroke
stroke from material carried to the brain from another area of the body.
Atherosclerosis
Narrowing of the arteries
Arteriosclerosis
Hardening of the arteries
Ataxia
Noun Medicine: the loss of full control of bodily movements.