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37 Cards in this Set

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Hernia
a protrusion of an organ or part through connective tissue or through a wall of the cavity in which it is normally enclosed
Anemia
Too few red blood cells in the bloodstream
splenomegaly
Enlargement of the spleen
Acute
1. Sharp, poignant.

2. Having a short and relatively severe course.
Cystocele
A condition where the bladder herniates into the vaginal canal. This usually results in stress incontinence. This condition is seen with increased frequency with aging and multiparity
Hematoma
localised collection of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue, due to a break in the wall of a blood vessel.
Hypertrophy
The enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part due to an increase in size of its constituent cells.
Ischemia
A low oxygen state usually due to obstruction of the arterial blood supply or inadequate blood flow leading to hypoxia in the tissue.
Mastectomy
An operation to remove the whole breast.
Myalgia
Pain in a muscle or muscles
Necrosis
The sum of the morphological changes indicative of cell death and caused by the progressive degradative action of enzymes, it may affect groups of cells or part of a structure or an organ.
Paracentesis
Surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity for the aspiration of peritoneal fluid.
Thoracentesis
A medical procedure that involves the removal of fluid from the chest cavity using a hollow bore needle
Tracheostomy
The surgical creation of an artificial airway in the trachea (windpipe) on the anterior surface of the neck.
Tonsillitis
Inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils
Dialysis
A medical procedure that uses a machine to filter waste products from the bloodstream and restore the bloods normal constituents.
Complete separation
Syndrome
A set of signs or a series of events occurring together that often point to a single disease or condition as the cause.
Dyspnea
Shortness of breath, difficult or laboured breathing.
Intravenous
In veins
Malaise
A vague feeling of bodily discomfort
Neoplasm
New and abnormal growth of tissue, which may be benign or cancerous
Subcutaneous
Under the skin
Anorexia
The uncontrolled lack or loss of the appetite for food
Appendectomy
removal of appendic
Appendicitis
Inflammation of the appendec
Ascites
An effusion and accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Cirrhosis
Liver disease characterised pathologically by loss of the normal microscopic lobular architecture, with fibrosis and nodular regeneration
Cholecystectomy
Removal of gallbladder
Cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gallbladder
Colectomy
The surgical removal of the colon or part of the colon
Colostomy
The surgical construction of an artificial anus between the colon and the surface of the abdomen
constipation
Infrequent or difficult evacuation of the faeces
defecation
To expel faeces from the rectum.
Dentalgia
Pain of the teeth
Dysphagia
Difficulty swallowing
Duodenal
The first or proximal portion of the small intestine
Dyspepsia
The impairment of the power of function of digestion