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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a cholinergic neurotransmitter that occurs in various tissues and organs of the body
acetylcholine
a severe form of senile dementia
Alzheimer's disease
a sudden loss of consciousness caused by an embolus, a thrombus, or rupture of an artery in the brain (stroke, CVA)
apoplexy
chemical substances produced in the brain that act as natural analgesics
endorphins
a disorder of cerebral function resulting from abnormal electrical activity or malfunctioning of the chemical substances of the brain
epilepsy
a loss of sensation or an impairment of motor function
palsy
a surgical procedure that can be done on an outpatient basis for slipped disk
percutaneous diskectomy
used for back pain relief; a minimally invasive form of surgery that introduces medication via an endoscope into the epidural space
epiduroscopy
a group of symptoms marked by memory loss and other cognitive functions
dementia
sever pain along the course of the sciatic nerve
sciatica
the external portion of the ear; the flap or pinna
auricle
pertaining to both ears
binaural
earwax
cerumen
a state of balance; in the inner ear, the semincircular canals are the site of the organs of balance
equilibrium
surgical operation in which a new opening is made in the labrynth of the inner ear for restoration of hearing
fenestration
inner ear; made up of the vestibule, cochlear and semicircular canals
labrynth
surgical incision of the tympanic membrane
myringotomy
small bone; any one of the three bones of the middle ear - malleus, incus or stapes
ossicle
surgical repair of the tympanic membrane
tympanoplasty
a feeling of dizziness, lightheadedness, caused by a disturbance of the equilibrium organs in the labrynth
vertigo
an instrument used for detecting color-blindness
anomaloscope
the turning inward of the margin of the lower eyelid
entropion
abnormal downpouring of tears
epiphora
inability (blindness) to see half the field of vision
hemianopia
the process of using ultrasound to disintegrate a cataract - a needle is inserted through a small incision and the disintegrated cataract is aspirated
phacoemulsification
the process of altering proteins in tissue by the use of light energy such as the laser beam - used in the treatment of retinal detachment, retinal bleeding, intraocular tumors, macular degeneration (wet)
photocoagulation
a surgical procedure performed to correct myopia (nearsightedness)
radial keratotomy
a disease of the retinal vessels present in premature infants; potentially caused by excessive use of oxygen in incubator; retinal detachment and blindness can occur
retrolental fibroplasia (RLF)
the optic axes cannot be directed to the same object (squint)
strabismus
inflammation of one or more sebaceous glands of eyelid
sty(e)
a procedure that places the sperm and egg directly into the fimbriated end of the fallopian tube via a laproscope
gamete intrafallopian transfer
a procedure using a laser to destroy the uterine lining, a biopsy before the procedure rules out presence of cancer, used for disabling menstrual bleeding, causes sterility
laser ablation
surgical removal of a tumor from the breast, no other tissue or lymph nodes are removed
lumpectomy
the beginning of the monthly flow
menarche
abdominal pain that occurs midway between the menstrual periods at ovulation
mittleschmerz
a solid mass of cells resulting from cell division after fertilization of an ovum
morula
process in which an ovum is discharged from the cortex of the ovary
ovulation
the act of giving birth (childbirth)
parturition
pertaining to the external female genitalia
pudendal
the first movement of the fetus felt in the uterus - 16th to 20th week of pregnancy
quickening
the surgical process of removing the foreskin of the penis
circumcision
sexual intercourse between a male and female
coitus
thin flexible sheath worn over penis during copulation to prevent pregnancy, STDs
condom
a mature reproductive cell of the male or female
gamete
caused by human papilloma virus
genital warts
causes purulent discharge from male urethra and purulent vaginal discharge in females
gonorrhea
inability to produce a viable offspring
infertility
the foreskin over the glans penis
prepuce
caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum
syphilis
caused by a parasitic protozoa
trichomoniasis
caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis
chlamydia