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33 Cards in this Set

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LOGY
STUDY OF
SUFFIX
ELECTR
ELECTRICITY
ROOT
CARDI
HEART
ROOT
-GRAM
RECORD
SUFFIX
WHAT IS A COMBINING VOWEL?
(USUALLY O) LINKS THE ROOT TO THE SUFFIX OR THE ROOT TO ANOTHER ROOT.
WHAT IS THE ROOT?
FOUNDATION OF THE WORD - ALL MEDICAL TERMS HAVE 1 OR MORE ROOTS.
WHAT IS THE SUFFIX?
THE WORD ENDING
WHAT ARE THE 3 GENERAL RULES TO REMEMBER IN IDENTIFYING THE MEANING OF A MEDICAL TERM?
1. READ THE MEANING OF THE MEDICAL TERMS FROM THE SUFFIX BACK TO THE BEGINNING OF THE TERM AND ACROSS.
2. DROP THE COMBINING VOWEL (USUALLY O) BEFORE A SUFFIX BEGINNING WITH A VOWEL: EX. GASTRITIS NOT GASTROITIS
3. KEEP THE COMBINING VOWEL BETWEEN TWO ROOTS: EX. GASTROENTEROLOGY NOT GASTRENTEROLOGY
GASTR
STOMACH
ROOT
-ITIS
INFLAMMATION
SUFFIX
ENTER
INTESTINES
ROOT
5 ELEMENTS OF MEDICAL TERMS
1. ROOT: FOUNDATION OF THE TERM.
2. SUFFIX: WORD ENDING.
3. PREFIX: WORD BEGINNING.
4. COMBINING VOWEL: VOWEL (USUALLY O) THAT LINKS THE ROOT TO THE SUFFIX OR THE ROOT TO ANOTHER ROOT.
5. COMBINING FORM: COMBINATION OF THE ROOT AND THE COMBINING VOWEL.
SUB
UNDER
PREFIX
IC
PERTAINING TO
SUFFIX
EPI
ABOVE
PREFIX
aden/o (combining form)
gland
example: adenitis (inflammation of a gland)
arthr/o
joint
arthritis (inflammation of a joint)
bi/o
life
biology (study of life)
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
carcinoma (cancerous tumor)
cardi/o
heart
cardiology (study of the heart)
cephal/o
head
cephalic (pertaining to the head)
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerebral (pertaining to the brain)
cis/o
to cut
incision (process of cutting into)
crin/o
secrete (to form and give off)
endocrine glands (glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream)
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)
cytoscopy (examination of the urinary bladder)
cyt/o
cell
cytology (study of cells)
derm/o dermat/o
skin
dermatitis (Inflammation of skin)
hypodermic (pertaining to under the skin)
electr/o
electricity
electrocardiogram (recording the electricity in the heart)
encephal/o
brain
electroencephalogram (recording the electricity in the brain)
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestine)
enteritis (inflammation of the intestine)
erythr/o
red
erythrocyte (red cells)
gastr/o
stomach
gastrectomy (removal of the stomach)
gnos/o
knowledge
diagnosis (state of complete knowledge)