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83 Cards in this Set

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drug stops flow of blood within vessels
Hemostatic
removal of plasma from the body with separation and extraction of specific elements followed by reinfusion
Plasmapheresis
use of biological agents to prevent/treat disease by stimulating the body's own defense mechanism
Immunotherapy
transfusion of specific Blood componenets such as packed RBC's, platelets, and plasma
Blood Component Therapy
blood voluntarily donated by any person for transfusion to a compatable recipient
Homologous Blood
blood donated by and stored for a patient for future personal use
Autologous Blood
removal of possible cancer-carrying lymph nodes for pathological examination
Lymph Node Dissection
incision into lymph node
Lymphadenotomy
removal of a lymph node
Lymphadenectomy
radionuclide scans
Positron Emission Tomography
x-ray image of lymph node/vessel taken after injection of a contrast medium
Lymphangiogram
pathological examination of bone marrow tissue
Bone Marrow Biopsy
needle aspiration of bone marrow tissue for pathological examination
Needle aspiration of bone marrow tissue for pathological examination
incision into/puncture of a vein to withdraw blood for testing
Venipuncture
protein substance in blood that is essential to clotting process
Prothrombin
substance present in tissues, platelets, and leukocytes that's necessary to coagulation
Thromboplastin
noting size and shape of RBC's in background of smeared slide
Red Cell Morphology
bleeding disorder char. by abnormal decrease in number of platelets in blood, which impairs clotting
Thrombocytopenia
systemic disease caused by infection of micro-organisms and their toxins in circulating blood
Septicemia
increase in number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin in blood
Polycythemia
process by which cancer cells are spread by blood or lymph circulation to distant organs
Metastasis
any neoplastic disorder of lymph tissue, usually malignant, as in Hodgkin's Disease
Lymphoma
disorder within bone marrow characterized by proliferation of abnormal stem cells; usually devleops into specific type of leukemia
Myelodysplasia
hereditary disorder that results in excessive buildup of iron deposits in the body
Hemochromatosis
presence, or lack of antigens on surface of RBC's that may cause reaction in blood of mother and fetus resulting in fetal anemia
Rh factor
disorder resulting from incompatability of a fetus with Rh+ blood factor and mother who is Rh-, causing RBC destruction in the fetus
Erythroblastosis fetalis
macrocytic-normochromic type of anemia char. by inadequate supply of vitamin B12
Pernicious Anemia
microcytic-hypochromic type of anemia char. by lack of iron
Iron-Deficiency Anemia
normocytic-normochromic type anemia char. by failure of bone marrow to produce RBC's
Aplastic Anemia
process of disease protection induced by exposure to antigens
Immunity
presence of small RBC's
microcytosis
presence of large RBC's
macrocytosis
presence of RBC's of unequal size
anisocytosis
presence of large, irregularly shaped RBC's
poikilocytosis
increase of immature erythrocytes in blood
Reticulocytosis
abnormally reduced number of RBC's
Erythropenia
abnormally reduced number of lymphocytes
Lymphocytopenia
decrease in number of neutrophils
Neutropenia
inpaired immunological defenses caused by and immunodeficiency disorder or therapy with immunosuppressive agents
Immunocompromised
impaired ability to provide immune response
Immunosuppression
presence of enlarged (diseased) lymph nodes
Lymphadenopathy
enlargement of spleen
Splenomegaly
condition in which there is a reduction in number of RBC's, amount of hemoglobin, or volume of RBC's in blood
Anemia
germ; bud
Blasto
juice
Chylo
form
Morpho
formation
Plaso
a net
Reticulo
another term for neutrophil, named for the many segments present in its nucleus
Polymorphonuclear
an immature neutrophil
Band
granular leukocyte named for rose-colored stain of its granules, that increases with allergy
Eosinophil
granular leukocyte, named for the dark stain of its granules that brings anticoagulant substances to inflamed tissues
Basophil
group of leukocytes without granules in their nucleus
Agranulocytes
a granulocyte leukocyte active in process of immunity
Lymphocyte
granulocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection
Monocyte
thrombocytes; cell fragments in blood essential for clotting
Platelets
white, pale yellow substance of lymph that contains fatty substances absorbed by lacteals
Chyle
recieves lymph from upper-right part of body
Right Lyphatic Duct
protein antibodies secreted by B lymphocytes that protect the body from invasion of foreign pathogens
Immunoglobulins
gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
Degeneration
any disease where ther is deterioration of structure or function of tissue
Degenerative Disease
determination of the presence of disease based on evvaluation of symptoms, signs and test findings
Diagnosis
cause of disease
Etiology
increase in severity of disease with aggravation of symptoms
Exacerbation
large; visible to the naked eye
Gross
condition occurring without a clearly identified cause
Idiopathic
feeling of unwellness, often first indication of illness
Malaise
vague; questionable
Equivocal
sick; a state of disease
Morbidity
advance of a condition as signs and symptoms increase in severity
Progressive
process, measure that prevents disease
Prophylaxis
disorder/condition after and usually resulting from a previous disease/injury
Sequela
running together; combo of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition/disease
Syndrome
not involved in bringing on the condition/result
Noncontributory
not significant or worthy of noting
Unremarkable
to secrete
Crino
small intestine
Entero
sensation
Esthesio
nerve
Neuro
midwife
Obstetro
tumor
Onco
eye
Opthalmo/Opto
ear
Oto