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78 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abdomen
area of the torso below the ribs and above the pelvis.
abnormality
that which is not normal
abrasion
a scrape on the skin
abuse
misuse; excessive or improper use
accessory
assisting
acute
sudden onset, or severe
afebrile
without fever
allergy
an abnormal reaction of body tissues in response to a specific substance, characterized by broncho spasm, swelling, and rash; also known as anaphylaxis
anatomy
study of the stucture of the body
anemia
reduction in the number of circulating red blood cells
asymptomatic
without symptoms
ataxic
muscular incoordination
bifercation
a separation into 2 branches
bradycardia
slow heart rate
catheter
tube for evacuating or injecting fluids
comatose
deep unconsciousness, pt does not respond to external stimuli
congenital
present at birth
consciousness
being aware and having perception
contusion
bruise
criteria
standards for judging
cyanosis
bluish, grayish discoloration of the skin in response to decreased oxygen
dificiency
a lack of
deformity
a distortion or alteration in the natural form
dermis
pertaining to skin
diaphoresis/diaphoretic
profuse sweating
diastole/diastolic
when heart chambers fill
diffuse
scattered, spread out
dilate
expansion of a vessel or orifice
distend
stretch or expand
dysrhythmia/arrhythmia
not regular, rhythm other than sinus
emesis
vomit
etiology
cause of a disease or symptom
febrile
fever or elevation of temperature
gastric
pertaining to stomach
hematoma
swelling which contains blood
hemoglobin
an iron containing pigment of the red blood cells that carry oxygen
hemorrhage
bleeding
hypertension
blood pressure above normal
hypoxia
an inadequate amount of oxygen
imminent
likely to happen without delay
infarction
an area of tissue in an organ that dies (necrosis) after the blood supply is blocked
infection
an invasion of microorganisms that causes injurious effects on the body or specific tissues
inflammation
tissue reaction to infection or injury characterized by redness, pain, swelling or heat
inhibit
to repress or restrain an action
injection
introduce a fluid into a vessel, cavity, skin, or muscle via a syringe and needle
intermittent
coming and going
involuntary
independant or contrary to one's conscious will
ischemia
temporary decrease of or lack of oxygen circulation to tissues
malignant
tending or threatening to produce/cause death
monitor
to observe closely
necrosis
tissue death
nocturnal
pertaining to or occuring at night
objective
can be observed by others
origin
the source of anything, the starting point
pallor
lack of color, pale
palpitation
the feeling of fluttering or throbbing of the heart
patent
open
mortality
the state of causing death
myocardium
heart muscle
pedal
pertaining to the foot
peripheral
pertaining to the outer parts or surface of the body; away from the center
potential
possibility
potentiate
to increase in potency or expected actions
postural
pertinent to, or affected by body position
precipitating factor
a trigger factor
prognosis
prediction of the course and outcome of a disease or injury
prone
lying horizontal face down
sphygmomanometer
an instrument used to indirectly measure arterial blood pressure
stenosis
constriction or narrowing of a passage
sterile
free of germs
subjective
not perceptible to an observer
symptom
a manifestation of a disease or malfunction that is reported by the individual but cannot be perceived by an observer
syncope
a brief loss of consciousness
systemic
affecting the whole body, not just a part
systole
when the heart chambers empty by muscular contraction
tachycardia
rapid heart rate
thrombus
a clot of blood
tritrate
to give a medication slowly, until the desired effect is achieved