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57 Cards in this Set

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Tinea
any fungal infection
comedo
A blackhead is a yellowish or blackish bump or plug on the skin. A blackhead is a type of acne vulgaris. It is caused by excess oils that have accumulated in the sebaceous gland's duct.
abrasion
superficial damage to the skin, generally not deeper than the epidermis. It is more superficial than an excoriation, although it can give mild bleeding
abscess
pustule formed by parasites, foriegn objects...
alopecia
balding
cicatrix
scar - white and shiny
contusion
a blow, bruise
closed sac having a distinct membrane and division on the nearby tissue
cyst
edema
swelling of tissue
erythema
redness, It is one of the cardinal signs of inflammation.
fissure
any linear gap or slit in the skin surface.
furuncle
infected hair
keloid
raised scar
laceration
physical trauma where in the skin is torn, cut or punctured
lesion
caused by any process that damages tissues.
macule
circumscribed flat area of skin, different in color or texture from its surrounding tissue.
nevus
pigmented lesions e.i. moles, birthmarks
dysplastic nevus
atypical mole
petechia
small red or purple spot on the body, caused by a minor hemorrhage
pruritus
itching
purpura
red or purple discolorations on the skin, bleeding underneath the skin. *Small spot-petechia, *large spot-ecchymosis
pustule
A visible accumulation of pus in the skin
ulcer
open sore of the skin, eyes or mucous membrane
Urticaria
hives- wheals in the skin resulting from the release of histamine or other vasoactive substances
verruca
warts
vesicle
circumscribed elevation of the skin less than 0.5 cm in diameter and containing a liquid.
wheal
An elevated white or pink compressible, evanescent papule or plaque produced by dermal edema.
actinic keratosis
atypical changes in the keratinocytes which are the cells making up most of the epidermis.
albinism
partial or complete failure of melanin production in the skin and eyes
basal cell carcinoma
a well demarcated, translucent papular or nodule with evident telangiectasia. There may be central ulceration
decubitus ulcer
bed sore. induced by ischemia. The basis of ischemia is usually prolonged pressure.
dermatitis
inflamation of the skin. usually eczema
dermato fibroma
a benign proliferation of fibroblasts in association with an increased number of mast cells and, often, blood vessels.

Clinically, the lesion is a tethered, firm, intracutaneous nodule of 0.5 to 2 cm in diameter, often with associated hyperpigmentation in the overlying skin.
ecchymosis
A macular red or purple hemorrhage in skin or mucous membrane more than 2 mm in diameter.
eczema
is a chronic, recurring, intensely itchy, inflammation of the skin,
gangrene
death of tissue, associated with loss of blood supply
herpes
double-stranded DNA virus, called herpes simplex virus
hidradenitis
inflammatory disease of the apocrine glands
hyperhidrosis
excessive sweat
impetigo
superficial skin infection which is very contagious and is seen mostly in children. It can be either blistering or non-blistering
melanoma
skin cancer that arises from melanocytes - the cells that produce pigment. may begin in association with a mole
necrosis
dead tissue
onychocryptosis
ingrown nail
onychomalacia
?
onychomycosis
Fungal infection of the nails is most common. They crop up in places where heat, humidity and activities require communal bathing.
paronychia
tender bacterial or fungal infection where the nail and skin meet at the side or the base of a finger or toenail
pediculosis
Lice- Examination of the skin shows only evidence of the itch caused by the infestation, numerous excoriations
psoriasis
Plaque _________is the most common type, typically you will see well defined red patches with dry, silvery scales on your scalp, elbows, knees, lower back and around the belly-button.
scleroderma
sclerosis of the skin of unknown etiology
squamous cell carcinoma
reddened, scaly or plaque-like areas
tinea
fungal infection of the nails, white crumbling nail. The nail may be thickened
vitiligo
Vitiligo is the complete loss of melanocytes from a circumscribed patch of skin
xeroderma
photosensitivity, pigmentary changes, skin neoplasms, and premature aging of the skin.
hemangioma
Hemangiomas are benign developmental vascular tumors
debridement
removal of dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing potential
dermasion
?
biopsy
medical test involving the removal of cells or tissues for examination