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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Glomerul/o
Glomerulus
Nephr/o
Kidney
Ren/o
Kidney
Pyel/o
Renal pelvis
Cyst/o
Bladder
Vesic/o
Bladder
Meat/o
Opening, meatus
Trigon/o
Trigone
Ureter/o
Ureter
Urethr/o
Urethra
Ur/o
Urinary tract, urine
Albumin/o
Albumin (protein)
Azot/o
Nitrogenous
Kal/i
Potassium
Ket/o
Ketone bodies
Keton/o
Ketone bodies
Urin/o
Urinary tract, urine
Andr/o
Male
Balan/o
Glans penis
Gonad/o
Gonads, sex glands
Orch/o
Testes
Orchi/o
Testes
Orchid/o
Testes
Test/o
Testes
Prostat/o
Prostate gland
Spermat/o
Sperm
Sperm/o
Sperm
Vas/o
Vessel, vas deferens, duct
Homeostasis
Relative constancy or equilibrium in the internal environment of the body
Nephroma
Tumor of the kidney
Urethrodynia
Pain in the urethra
Urography
Process of recording images of the urinary tract
Hypokalemia
Abnormally low concentraion of potassium in the blood
Ketonuria
Ketone bodies in the urine
Dialysis
Process of removing toxic materials from the blood when the kidneys are unable to do so
Polyuria
Excessive secretion and discharge of urine
Urgency
Sudden compelling urge to urinate
Ureterolithiasis
Presence of calculi in the ureter
Pyelonephritis
Infection of the renal pelvis, tubules, and interstitial tissue
Nocturia
Excessive urination at night
Azotemia
Retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood
Incontinence
Inability to control urine from the bladder
Cryptorchism
Failure of testicle to descend into the scrotum
Epispadias
Congenital defect in which the male urethra opens on the upper side of the penis instead of at the end
Gonorrhea
STD that affects the genitourinary tract
Hypospadias
Congenital defect in which the male urethra opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the end
Phimosis
Stenosis of preputial orifice so that the foreskin cannot be pushed back over the glans penis
Glomerulosclerosis
Fibrous scar tissue that has replaced the glomeruli causing the loss of blood fitration
Ureterocele
Swelling of the ureter
Aspermia
Failure to form semen or to ejaculate
Anorchism
Absence of one or more testicles
Pyelogram
Writing/record of the renal pelvis
Pyelectasis
Dilation of the renal pelvis
Urethrostenosis
Narrowing or stricture of the urethra
Azoturia
Nitrogenous compounds in the urine
Orchidectomy
Excision of a testicle
Polydipsia
Condition of excessive thirst
Vassal
Pertaining to the vas deferens
Hydrocele
Accumulation of fluid in the space around the testis
Cystolitholapaxy
Removal of a kidney stone from the bladder by crushing it and extracting the particles via irrigation
Oliguria
Diminished or scanty urination in relation to fluid intake