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77 Cards in this Set

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a communication between blood vessels. the surgical union of parts and especially hollow tubular parts.
Anastomosis
a male sex hormone (as testosterone)
Androgenic
counteracting or preventing cardiac arrhythmia. an antiarrhythmic agent.
Anti-arrhythmic
opposing or blocking the physiological action of acetylcholine. a drug having an anticholinergic action.
Anti-cholinergic
transient cessation of respiration whether normal (as in hibernating animals) or abnormal (as that caused by certain drugs)
Apnea
an alteration in rhythm of the heartbeat either in time or force
Arrhythmia
A wasting away; a diminution in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or part.
atrophy
benign prostatic hyperplasia; benign prostatic hypertrophy
BPH
the hind end of the body. a fetus that is presented at the uterine cervix buttocks or legs first.
Breech
general physical wasting and malnutrition usually associated with chronic disease
Cachexia
surgical formation of an artificial anus by connecting the colon to an opening in the abdominal wall
Colostomy
a permanent shortening (as of muscle, tendon, or scar tissue) producing deformity or distortion
Contracture
the operation of cutting or crushing the fetal head to effect delivery. surgical opening of the skull
Craniotomy
the passive rhythmical expansion or dilation of the cavities of the heart during which they fill with blood. the rhythmical expansion of a pulsating vacuole
Diastole
tending to increase the excretion of urine. an agent that increases the excretion of urine
Diuretic
degenerative joint disease
DJD
Difficulty in swallowing.
dysphagia
development (as of organs or cells); broadly : abnormal anatomic structure due to such growth
Dysplasia
difficult or painful discharge of urine
Dysuria
gestation elsewhere than in the uterus (as in a fallopian tube or in the peritoneal cavity) -- called also ectopic gestation, extrauterine gestation, extrauterine pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancy
inflammation of the lining of the heart and its valves
Endocarditis
inflammation of the intestines and especially of the human ileum.
Enteritis
is a disorder of the digestive system in which the esophagus does not develop properly. The disorder is a congenital defect, which means it occurs before birth.
Esophageal atresia
pain in the stomach or epigastrium especially of a neuralgic type
Gastralgia
surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
Gastrectomy
an endoscope for inspecting the interior of the stomach
Gastroscopy
presence in the urine of abnormal amounts of sugar -- called also glucosuria
Glycosuria
an enlargement of the thyroid gland that is commonly visible as a swelling of the anterior part of the neck, that often results from insufficient intake of iodine and then is usually accompanied by hypothyroidism, and that in other cases is associated with hyperthyroidism usually together with toxic symptoms and exophthalmos -- called also struma
Goiter
a gamete-producing reproductive gland (as an ovary or testis)
Gonads
a pregnant woman -- often used in combination with a number or figure to indicate the number of pregnancies a woman has had <a gravida four>
Gravida
a test for blood in urine or feces using a reagent containing guaiacum that yields a blue color when blood is present
Guaiac Test
A1C, also known as glycated hemoglobin or glycosylated hemoglobin, indicates a patient's blood sugar control over the last 2-3 months. A1C is formed when glucose in the blood binds irreversibly to hemoglobin to form a stable glycated hemoglobin complex.
Hemoglobin A1C
In a hiatal hernia (also called hiatus hernia) the stomach bulges up into the chest through the hiatal opening. There are two main types of hiatal hernias: sliding and paraesophageal (next to the esophagus). In a sliding hiatal hernia, the stomach and the esophagus slide up into the chest through the hiatus.
Hiatal hernia
excessive functional activity of the thyroid gland; also : the resulting condition marked especially by increased metabolic rate, enlargement of the thyroid gland, rapid heart rate, and high blood pressure -- called also thyrotoxicosis
Hyperthyroidism
excessive ventilation; specifically : excessive rate and depth of respiration leading to abnormal loss of carbon dioxide from the blood -- called also overventilation.
Hyperventilation
of the urine-collecting structures of one or both kidneys due to the accumulation of urine that can't drain out of the kidney. Caused by blockage in urinary tract.
Hydronephrosis
examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes by radiography after injection of an opaque medium -- called also uterosalpingography
Hysterosalpingography
surgical formation of an artificial anus by connecting the ileum to an opening in the abdominal wall. the artificial opening made by ileostomy
Ileostomy
situated or extending between the ribs. an intercostal part or structure (as a muscle or nerve).
Intercostal
the presence of excess ketone bodies in the urine in conditions (as diabetes mellitus and starvation acidosis) involving reduced or disturbed carbohydrate metabolism -- called also acetonuria
Ketonuria
surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra
Laminectomy
edema due to faulty lymphatic drainage
Lymphedema
severe hypothyroidism characterized by firm inelastic edema, dry skin and hair, and loss of mental and physical vigor
Myxedema
Enlargement of the kidney
Nephromegaly
urination at night especially when excessive -- called also nycturia
Nocturia
the act of occluding or the state of being occluded : a shutting off or obstruction of something. The bringing of the opposing surfaces into contact.
Occlusion
reduced excretion of urine
Oliguria
surgical fixation of a testis -- called also orchidopexy
Orchiopexy
an infectious usually painful inflammatory disease of bone that is often of bacterial origin and may result in death of bone tissue
Osteomyelitis
a condition that affects especially older women and is characterized by decrease in bone mass with decreased density and enlargement of bone spaces producing porosity and brittleness.
Osteoporosis
a woman delivered of a specified number of children -- used in combination with a term or figure to indicate the number <multipara> <a 36-year-old para 5>
Para
situated or occurring outside the intestine; especially : introduced otherwise than by way of the intestines. an agent (as a drug or solution) intended for parenteral administration
Parenteral
physical examination, pulmonary embolism
PE
inflammation of the pericardium
Pericarditis
Serous membrane that lines walls of abdominal and pelvic cavities and invests organs in those cavities
Peritoneum
either of a pair of two-walled sacs of serous membrane each of which lines one lateral half of the thorax, has an inner visceral layer closely adherent to the corresponding lung, is reflected at the root of the lung to form a parietal layer that adheres to the walls of the thorax, the pericardium, the upper surface of the diaphragm, and adjacent parts, and contains a small amount of serous fluid that minimizes the friction of respiratory movements.
Pleura
the condition of having more than the normal number of toes or fingers -- called also polydactylia, polydactylism
Polydactyly
is a decrease in blood pressure that occurs when you sit up or stand up. It causes you to feel dizzy and maybe even faint. It happens because your brain does not have the control over your heart and other organs. These symptoms will gradually go away as your body learns to adjust.
Postural hypotension
inflammation of the prostate gland
Prostatitis
narrowing of the pyloric opening (as from congenital malformation or contraction of scar tissue)
Pyloric Stenosis
a calculus in the kidney -- called also kidney stone
Renal calculus
being or relating to the sclera. of, relating to, or affected with sclerosis.
Sclerotic
a neural tube defect marked by congenital cleft of the spinal column usually with hernial protrusion of the meninges and sometimes the spinal cord
Spina bifida
an instrument for measuring the air entering and leaving the lungs
Spirometer
the contraction of the heart by which the blood is forced onward and the circulation kept up
Systole
a sudden life-threatening exacerbation of the symptoms (as high fever, tachycardia, weakness, or extreme restlessness) of hyperthyroidism that is brought on by various causes (as infection, surgery, or stress)
Thyroid storm
excessive functional activity of the thyroid gland; also : the resulting condition marked especially by increased metabolic rate, enlargement of the thyroid gland, rapid heart rate, and high blood pressure -- called also hyperthyroidism
Thyrotoxicosis
is a bone which has had its tissue broken.
fracture
This type of fracture has slight comminution at the fracture site which looks largely like a butterfly. The fracture site has butterfly fragments.
Butterfly Fracture
When there is a closed fracture there is no broken skin. The bones which broke do not penetrate the skin (but may be seen under the skin) and there is no contusion from external trauma.
Closed Fracture
A comminuted fracture has more than two fragments of bone which have broken off. It is a highly unstable type of bone fracture with many bone fragments.
Comminuted Bone Fracture
When this occurs, the bone breaks and fragments of the bone will penetrate through the internal soft tissue of the body and break through the skin from the inside. There is a high rise of infection if external pathogenic factors enter into the interior of the body.
Compound Bone Fracture
The pathology of this type of fracture includes a incomplete fracture in which only one side of the bone has been broken. The bone usually is "bent" and only broken of the outside of the bend. It is mostly seen in children and is considered a stable fracture due to the fact that the whole bone has not been broken. As long as the bone is kept rigid healing is usually quick.
Greenstick Fracture
Type of fracture where the ends of the broken bones are wedged together.
Impacted Fracture
This type of fracture classified as when a broken bone protrudes to the exterior of the body giving rise to soft tissue injuries of the muscles, tendons and ligaments. There is a high risk of injection to the internal tissues.
Open Bone Fracture
A simple bone fracture is one of the better types of fractures as there is only bone damage with little or no soft tissue damage and the broken bone ends do not penetrate the skin.
Simple Fracture
In this type of fracture the bone has been broken giving rise to a transverse break or fissure within the bone at a right angle to the long portion of the bone.. It is most often caused by direct traumatic injuries.
Transverse Bone Fracture