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120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ba
barium
BaE
barium enema
BE
barium enema
CT Scan
computer tomography scan
Dx
diagnosis
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
FBS
fasting blood sugar
GTT
glucose tolerance test
HCl
hydrochloric acid
IBD
inflammatory bowel disease
IVC
intraveous cholangiography
UGI
upper gastroinestinal
UGIS
upper gastrointestinal series
US
ultrasonography, ultrasound
BM
bowel movement
cm
centimeter
GI
gastrointestinal
HAV
hepatitis A virus
HBV
hepatitis B virus
PE
physical examination
RUQ
right upper quadrant
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix, usually acute and cause by blockage of the appendix that is followed by infection
ascites
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus
gurgling or rumbling sound heard over the large intestine, caused by gas moving throught the intestines
cirrhosis
chronic liver disease characterized pathologically by destruction of liver cells that eventually lead to ineffective liver function and jaundice
colonic polyposis
polyps that project from the mucous membrane of the colon
Crohn disease
chronic inflammatory bowel disease, usually affects the ileum, but may affect any portion of the intestinal tract
diverticular disease
condtion in which the bulging patches in the gatrointestinal tract push the mucosal lining through the surrounding muscle
dysentery
term applied to many intestinal disorders, especially of the colon, chracterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps
fistula
abnormal passage from one organ to another, or from a hollow organ to the surface
hematochezia
passage of stools containing bright red blood
hemorrhoid
mass of enlarged, twisted varicose feins in the mucous membrane inside or just outside the rectum
hernia
protrusion or projection of an organ or a part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it
inflammatory bowel disease
ulceration of mucosa of the colon
irritable bowel syndrome
abnormal increase in motility of the small and large intestinesthat generally is associated with emotional stress
jaundice
yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclerae of the eyes, caused by excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood
polyp
small, tumor-like benign growth that projects from a mucous membrane surface
polyposis
general term for a condition in which polyps develop in the intestinal tract
ulcer
open sore or lesion of the skin or mucous membrane, accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue
volvulus
twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
barium enema
radiographic examination of the rectum and colon after administration of barium sulfate into the rectum
barium swallow
radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine after oral administration of barium sulfate
stool guaiac
test performed on feces using the reagent gum guaiac to detect the presence of blood in the feces that is not apparent on visual inspection
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
use of shock waves as a noninvasive method to destroy stones in the gallbladder and biliary ducts
lithotripsy
procedure for eliminating a calculus in the gallbladder, renal pelvic, ureterm or bladder
nasogatric intubation
insertion of a nasogastric tube through the nose into the stomach
chol/e
bile, gall
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/p
bile duct
col/o
colon
colon/o
colon
dent/o
teeth
odont/o
teeth
duoden/o
doudenum (first part of small intestine)
enter/o
intestine
esophag/o
esophagus
gastr/o
stomach
gingiv/o
gum(s)
gloss/o
tongue
lingu/o
tongue
hepat/o
liver
ile/o
ileum (second part of small intestine)
jejun/o
jejunum (third part of small intestine)
or/o
mouth
stomat/o
mouth
pancreat/o
pancreas
proct/o
anus, rectum
ptyal/o
saliva, salivary gland
sial/p
saliva, salivary gland
rect/o
rectum
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
aer/o
air
carcin/o
cancer
hemat/o
liver
ltih/o
stone, calculs
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jaw bone)
myc/o
fungus
orth/o
straight
ptyal/o
saliva
therm/o
heat
tox/o
poison
toxic/o
poison
-ectomy
excision, removal
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-stomy
forming an opening (mouth)
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
incision
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-emesis
vomiting
-gram
record, writing
-graphy
process of recording
-iasis
abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
-itis
inflammation
-lith
stone, calculus
-logist
specialist in study of
-logy
study of
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (primarily used with blood cells)
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-scope
instrument for examining
-scopy
visual examination
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
-ia
condition
-ist
specialist
ab-
from, away from
dys-
bad, painful; difficult
epi-
above, upon
hyper-
excessive, above normal
hypo-
under, below, deficient
peri-
around
sub-
under, below
-ary
pertaining to, relating to
-ar
pertaining to, relating to