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148 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a-, an-
absent, without
ex: amenorrhea- absence of menstration
ab-
away from
ex. abduct: move away from
abdomin/o-
abdomem
ex. abdominal aorta: theportioof the aorta in the abdomen
acou-
hearing
ex. acoustic nerve: the cranial nerve for hearing
ad-
toward, near, to
ex. adduct: move toward the midline
aden/o-
gland
ex. adenohypophysis: the glandular part of the pitutitary gland
af-
toward
ex. afferent toward a center
alba-
white
ex. albino: and animal lacking coloration
alg-
pain
ex. myalgia: muscle pain
ana-
up, back
ex. anabolism: the constructive phase of metabolism
angi/o-
vessel
ex. angiogram: imaging of blood vessels, as in the heart
ante-
before
ex. antenatal: before birth
anti-
against
ex. antiemetic: an agent that prevents vomiting
arthr/o-
joint
ex. arthritis: inflammatin of a joint
atel-
imperfect, incomplete
ex. atelectasis: imcomplete expansion of a lung
auto-
self
ex. autoimmune disease: a disease in which immune reactions are directed against part of one's own body
bi-
two, twice
ex. bioconcave: concave on each side, as a red blood cell
bio-
life
ex. biochemistry: thechemistry of living organisms
blasto-
growth, budding
ex. blastocyst: a rapidly growing embryonic stage
brachi/o-
arm
ex. brachial artery: the artery that passes through the upper arm
brachy-
short
ex. brachydactyly: abnormally short fingers of toes
brady-
slow
ex. bradycardia: slow heart rate
bronch-
air passage
ex. bronchioles: small air passages in the lungs
carcin/o-
cancer
ex. carcinogen: cancer-causing substance
cardi/o-
heart
ex. cardiopathy: heart disease
carp/o-
writs
ex. carpals: bones of the wrist
caud-
tail
ex. cauda equina: the spinal nerves that hange below the end of the spinal cord and resemble a horse's tail
celi/o-
abdomen
ex. celiac artery: a large artery that supplies abdominal organs
cephal/o-
head
ex. cephaledema: swelling of the head
cerebr/o
brain
ex. cerebrum: the largest part of the human brain
cervic-
neck
ex. cervical nerves: the spinal nerves from the neck portion of the spinal cord
chem/o-
chemical
ex. chemotherapy: the use of chemicals to treat disease
chondr/o-
cartilage
ex. chondrocyte: cartilage cell
circum-
around
ex. circumoral: around the mouth
co-, com-
with together
ex. congenital: born with
con-, contra-
opposite, against
ex. contraception: the prevention of conception
cost/o-
ribs
ex. intercostal muscles: muscles between the ribs
crani/o-
skull, head
ex. cranial nerves: the nerves that arise from the brain
cut-
skin
ex. cutaneous: pertaining to the skin
cyan/o-
blue
ex. cyanosis: bluish discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen
cyst-
bladder, sac
ex. cyctic duct: duct of the gall bladder
cyt/o-
cell
ex. hypatocyte: cell of the liver
dactyl/o-
digits, fingers or toes
ex. polydactyle: more than five fingers or toes
de-
down, from
ex. dehydration: loss of water
derm-
skin
ex. dermatologist: a spicialist in disease of the skin
di-
two, twice
ex. disaccharide: a sugar made of two monosaccharides
diplo-
double
ex. diploia: double vision
dis-
apart, away from
ex. dissect: to cut apart
duct-
lead, conduct
ex. ductus arteriosus: a fetal artery
dys-
difficult, diseased
ex. dyspnea: dificult breathing
ecto-
outside
ex. ectoparasite: a parasite that lives on the body surface
edem-
swelling
ex. edematous: affected with swelling
endo-
within
enter/o-
intestine
epi-
on, over, upon
erythr/o-
red
eu-
normal, good
ex-
out of
exo-
without
extra-
outside of, in addition to, beyond
fasci-
band
fore-
before, in front
gastr/o-
stomach
gluco-, glyco-
sugar
gyn/o, gyne/co-
woman, female
haplo-
single, simple
hema-hemato-hemo-
blood
hemi-
half
hepat/o-
liver
hetero-
different
hist/o-
tissue
homeo-
unchanged
homo-
same
hydr/o-
water
hyper-
excessive, above
hypo-
beneath, under, deficient
idio-
distinct, peculiar to the individual
inter-
between among
intra-
within
is/o-
equal, the same
kinesi/o-
movement
labi-
lip
lacri-
tears
lact/o-
milk
leuc/o-, leuk/o-
white
lip/o-
fat
macr/o-
large
mal-
poor, bad
medi-
middle
maga-
large
meta-
next to, beyond
micr/o-
small
mon/o-
one
morph/o-
shape, form
multi-
many
my/o-
muscle
narco-
sleep
nat/a-
birth
neo-
new
nephr/o-
kidney
neur/o-
nerve
non-
not
ocul/o-
eye
olig.o-
few, scanty
oo-
egg
ophthalmo-
eye
orth/o-
straight, normal, correnct
oste/o-
bone
ot/o-
ear
ovi-, ovo-
egg
path/o-
disease
ped/ia-
child
per-
through
peri-
around
phag/o-
eat
phleb/o-
vein
pleuro-, pleura-
rib
pneumo-
lung
pod-
foot
poly-
many
post-
after
pre-
before, in front to
pseudo-
false
py/o-
pus
pyel/o-
renal pelvis
quadr/i-
four
retro-
behind, backward
rhin/o-
nose
salping/o-
fallopian tube
sarc/o-
flesh, muscle
sclero-
hard
semi-
half
steno-
narrow
sub-
below, beneath
supra-
above
sym-
together
syn-
together
tachy-
fast
thorac/o-
chest
thromb/o-
clot
tox-
poison
trans-
across
tri-
three
ultra-
excessive, extreme
un/i-
one
uria-, uro-
unine
vas/o-
vessel
viscera-, viscero-
organ