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194 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the diagnosis and treatment of the eye and vision
ophthalmology
medical doctors who have completed at least four years of specialized schoo after completing medical school
opthalmologist
examination, diagnosis and treatment of eyes and related structures and with determination and correction of vision problems using lenses and other optical aids
optometry
obtains an OD after complete ing four years of school at optometry school
optometrist
founcues on a specific region of teh body, the head, and the neck rather thatn on a whole body system. study of structure, function, disesae, and treatments related to ear, nose and throat
otorhinolaryngology (ENT)
phsycians who specialize in diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the eye, nose, and throat
otorhinolaryngologists
the diagnosis and treatment of disease and conditions affecting the lower repiratory system and chest cavity including: trachea, bronchi, lungs, and pleura
pulmonology
trat cancer, infections obstructive lung diseases, injuries, repiraotry failer, environmental and occupaitonal lung diseases and idsorders of teh pleura
pulmonologist
a __ performs surgical treatment of lung and thoracic cavity conditions
thoracic surgeon
administer oxygen therapy, measure lung capacity, monitor blood concentrations, administer breathing tratments and provide care for ventilator patients
repiratory therapists
pertaining to
-eal
pertaining to the pharynx
pharyngeal
within the trachea
endotracheal
vision
-opia
nearsightedness
myopia
farsightedness
hyperopia
double vision
diplopia
loss of accommodation (old eye)
ambiopia
misplaced pupil
corectopia
breathing
-pnea
slow breathing
bradypnea
fast breathing
tachypnea
not breathing, no breathing, without breathing
apnea
difficult breathing
dyspnea
dificulty in breathing that occurs when lying down and is relieved upon changing to an upright position
orthopnea
involuntary contraction
-spasm
spasm of the eyelid
blepharospasm
turning
-tropia
eyes pointing outward
exotropia
eyes pointing inward, cross eyed
esotropia
eyes pointing upward
hypertropia
eyes pointing downward
hypotropia
both
ambi-
pertaining to both sides
ambilateral
use of both hands
ambidextrous
double
diplo-
inward
eso-
easy, good
eu-
easy breathing, normal
eupnea
outward
exo-
close
my-
hearing
audi/o
study of hearing
audiology
picture or record of hearing
audiogram
process of measuring hearing
audiometry
alveoli
alveol/o
of, relating to, resembling, or having alveoli
alveolar
eyelid
blephar/o
pain in eyelid
blepharalgia
swelling of teh eyelid
blepharedema
inflammation of teh eyelid
blepharitis
incision into the eyelid
blepharotomy
eyelid; to wink
palpebr/o
bronchus
bronch/o
inflammation of teh bronchi
brochitis
stone in the bronchi
broncholith
bronchial hemorrhage
bronchorrhagia
plural of bronchus
bronchi
suturing of the bronchus
bronchorrhaphy
bronchioles
bronchiol/o
cochlea
cochle/o
pertaining to the cochlea
chochlear
pupil
cor/o, cor/e, core/o
dilation or stretching of pupil
corectasia
misplaced pupil
corectopia
destruction of teh pupil
corelysis
unequal pupil size
anisocoria
instument used to measure pupil
coreometer
measurement of pupil
coreometry
surgical repair of pupil
coreoplasty
cornea
corne/o, kerat/o
surgcial repair of cornea
corenoplasty
herniation of teh cornea
keratocele
sugcial repair of cornea (cornea transplant)
keratoplasty
incision of teh cornea
keratotomy
inflammation of cornea and sclera
keratoscleritis
inflammation of cornea and iris
conreoiritis
pertaining to both the cornea and scler
corneoscleral
esophagus
esophag/o
excisoin of esophagus and stomach
esophagogastrectomy
iris
irid/o
paralysis in teh iris
iridoplegia
plural of iris
irides
tears
lacrim/o
secretion of tears
lacrimation
pertaining to the nose and lacrimal duct draining fluid through nose and tear duct
nasolacrimal
larynx, throat, voicebox
laryng/o
inflamamation of the larynx
laryngitis
making a permanent surgical opeing in teh larynx
laryngosotmy
black
melan/o
lung disease in which lung tissue becomes black
pneumonomelanosis
chin
ment/o
eardrum
myring/o
inscision into the ear drum
myringotomy
nasal pasage, nose
nas/o
inflammation of teh nose
nasitis
night
nyct/o, noct/i
not able to see at night, nigh blinndness
nyctalopia
eye
ophthalm/o
pertaining to teh eye
ophthalmic
inflammation of the eye
ophthalmitis
any eye disease
ophthalmopathy
vision
opt/o
measurement of vision
optometry
pertaining to vision, cranial nerve for vision
optic
ear
ot/o
discharge form teh ear
otorrhea
ear pain
otalgia
inflammation of teh ear
otitis
inflammation of the middle ear
otitis media
adjective form of ear
otic
physician who treats infections of ear, nose and throat
otorhinolarygnologist
lens
phac/o
herniation of lens
phacocele
emulsifying of cataracts
phacoemulsification
pharynx, throat
pharyng/o
inflmmation of teh pharynx
pharyngitis
surgical repair of teh pharynx
pharyngoplasty
inflammation of nose and phayrnx
nasopharyngitis
fugus disease of teh pharynx
pharyngomycosis
plural for phaynx
pharynges
disease of teh throat
pharyngopathy
speech
phas/o
condition of speech
phasia
slow speech
bradyphasia
unable to speak, without speech
aphasia
sutdy of speech
phasology
difficult speech
dysphasia
fast speech
tachyphasia
sound, voice
phon/o
condition of sound or voice
phonia
absence of voice
aphonia
study of sound
phonolgy
picture of muscular sounds
phonomyogram
pertaining to the voice
phonic
instument for measuring intesnisty of voice
phonometer
diaphragm
phren/o
pertaining to the diaphragm
phrenic
pain in teh diaphragm
phrenalgia
pertainig to the diaphragm and stomach
phrenogastric
surgical removal of diaphragm
phrenectomy
pleural membrane
pleur/o
inflammation of teh pleura
pleuritis
pain in the pleura
pleuralgia
surgical puntcure of the pleura
pleurocentesis
breathe
pne/o
air, lungs
pneum/o
air in teh chest cavity
pneumothorax
air under the skin
pneumoderma
collection of air and pus in chest cavity
pneumopyothorax
collection of air and serum in chest cavity
pneumoserothorax
collection of air and blood in chest cavity
pneumohemothorax
instument that measures air volume in respiration
pneumometer
lung
pneumon/o
inscion of teh lung
pneumonotomy
any disease of teh lung
pneumonopathy
hemorrhage of the lung
pneumonorrhagia
surgical fixation of lung
pneumonopexy
inflammation of the liung
pneumonitis
old
presby/o
lung
pulmon/o
pertianing to lungs
pulmonary
pus
py/o
pertiniang to teh formation of pus
pyogenic
condtion of pus formation
pyosis
condition of the trachea with pus formation
tracheopyosis
retina
retin/o
prolapse of teh retina
retinoptosis
pertaining to teh retina
retinal
inflammation of teh retina
retinitis
process of exmaminig the retina with a scope
retinoscopy
thorax
thorac/o
surgical puncture of thorax
thoracocentesis
trachea
trache/o
pain in teh windpipe
trachealgia
incision into the windpipe
tracheotomy
inscision of trachea and larynx
tracheolaryngotomy
eardrum
tympan/o
pertaining to the ear drum
tympanic
incision into teh ear drum
tympanotomy
process of mearuing the funciton of the ear drum
tympanometry
ear drum (noun form)
tympanum
abnormal condition othat affects the position of teh eyes axis and focus, squint
strabismus
unequal curvature of the surface of eye diffusing the focal point on teh retina
astigmatism
barking cough caused by infection, allergy, or foreign body
croup
spams of teh bronchi causing a wheezing cough
asthma
overdistention of teh air sacs caued by smoking tobacco leading to loss of elasticity
emphysema
whooping cough, cough with a shrill whooping inspiration
pertussis
right eye
OD
left eye
OS
left ear drum
MTS
right ear drum
MYD
right ear
AD
left ear
AS