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212 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adip/o
fat
albin/o
white
bi/o
life
cry/o
cold
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
diaphor/o
profuse sweating
hidr/o
sweat
ichthy/o
scaly, dry
kerat/o
hard, horny
leuk/o
white
lip/o
fat
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
necr/o
death
onych/o
nail
pachy/o
thick
pil/o
hair
py/o
pus
rhytid/o
wrinkle
scler/0
hard
seb/o
oil
trich/o
hair
ungu/o
nail
xanth/o
yellow
xer/o
dry
-derma
skin
-opsy
view
-plakisa
a plate
-tome
instrument used to cut
The skin and it's accessory organs make up what system of the body?
the integumentary system
what is the primary function of the skin?
protection
what do sensory receptors detect?
temperature, pain, touch, and pressure
what two types of glands in the skin produce fluids?
sebaceous glands, and sweat glands
what is the purpose of sweat glands?
sweat glands assist the body in maintaining its internal temperature by creating a cooling effect when sweat evaporates.
what is the purpose of sebaceous glands?
to produce sebum (oil) to lubricate the skin
define membranes
membranes are layers of tissue that cover and protect body surfaces, line body cavities, and line some internal organs, such as the digestive adn respiratory passages.
waht are the two major types of membranes?
epithelial membranes, and connective tissue membranes
what are the three types of epithelial membranes?
Cutaneous membrane, Serous membranes, and Mucous membranes
what is the cutaneous membrane?
skin
what are serous membranes?
Membranes that line body cavities. They secrete a thin, watery fluid that acts as a lubricant to reduce friction when organs rub against each other.
what are mucous membranes?
membranes that line body passages that open directly to the exterior of the body, such as the mouth and reproductive tract. They secrete a sticky fluid, mucus, to trap pathogens.
what are synovial membranes?
the most common connective tissue membrane...they form the lining found in joint capsules and secrete a lubricating fluid for joints.
what are the three layers of skin?
Epidermis (outer layer), dermis or corium (middle, fibrous connective tissue layer), and subcutaneous (innermost layer containing fatty tissue)layers
what are teh accessory organs of the skin?
hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands
what are nails?
a flat plate of keratin called the nail body that covers the ends of fingers and toes.
subcutaneous
pertaining to under the skin
epidermal
pertaining to upon the skin
hypodermic
pertaining to under the skin
intradermal
pertaining to within the skin
dermatome
instrument to cut the skin
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatologist
specialist in skin
dermatology
study of the skin
dermatopathy
skin disease
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of the skin
anhidrosis
abnormal condition of no sweat
hyperhidrosis
abnormal condition of excessive sweat
lipectomy
excision of fat
lipoma
fatty growth
melanoma
black tumor
necrosis
abnormal condition of death
onychectomy
excision of a nail
onychomalacia
softening of nails
onychomycosis
abnormal condition of mail fungus
onychophagia
nail eating (nail biting)
pyogenic
pus forming
rhytidectomy
excision of wrinkles
rhytidoplasty
surgical repair of wrinkles
seborrhea
oily discharge
trichomycosis
abnormal condition of hair fungus
ungual
pertaining to the nails
erythroderma
red skin
ichthyoderma
scaly, dry skin
leukoderma
white skin
pachyoderma
thick skin
scleroderma
hard skin
xanthoderma
yellow skin
xeroderma
dry skin
what is a flat nonpalpable change in skin color smaller then 1 cm with circumscribed border?
macule
what is an elevated, solid, palpable mass with a circumscribed border smaller than 0.5 cm
papule
what is and elevated, solid, hard or soft palpable mass extending deeper into the dermis than a papule with a circumscribed border and range in size from 0.5 cm to 2 cm?
nodule
what is and elevated, fluid-filled, round or oval shaped palpable mass with thin, translucent walls and circumscribed borders smaller than 0.5 cm.
vesicles
what is an elevated, often reddish area with irregular border caused by diffuse fluid in tissues rather than free fluid in a cavity, as in vesicles
wheal
what is an elevated, pus filled vesicle or bulla with circumscribed border?
pustule
What is an elevated, encapsulated, fluid-filled or semisolid mass originating in the subcutaneous tissue or dermis, usually 1cm or larger?
Cyst
what is a deep, irregularly shaped area of skin loss extending into the dermis or subcutaneous tissue which may bleed and may leave a scar?
ulcer
what is a linear crack with sharp edges extending into the dermis?
fissure
what is a flat, irregular area of connective tissue left after a lesion or would has healed? (another term for scar)
cicatrix
what is an elevated, irregular, darkened area of excess scar tissue cause by excessive collagen formation during healing that extends beyond the site of the original injury?
keloid
what term describes a scraping away of the skin surface caused by friction?
abrasion
what is a collection of pus in the skin?
abscess
what is a genetice condition in which a person is unable to make melanin? It is characterized by white hair and skin, and red pupils due to lack of pigment
albino
absence or loss of hair, especially of the head. Commonly called baldness.
alopecia
a scar
cicatrix
collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle; also called a blackhead
comedo
injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling, pain, and bruising. The skin is not broken.
contusion
bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood
cyanosis
fluid-filled sac under the skin
cyst
open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin. These can appear in bedridden patients who lie in one position too long and can be difficult to heal. Also called bedsore or pressure sore.
decubitus ulcer
loss of normal skin color or pigment
depigmentation
physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and conditions of the integumentary system.
dermatologist
study of diseases and conditions of the integumentary system
dermatology
profuse sweating
diaphoresis
skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under the skin following blunt trauma to the skin. A bruise.
ecchymosis
redness or flushing of the skin
erythema
crack-like lesion or groove on the skin
fissure
freezing or the effect of freezing on a part of teh body. exposed areas such as ears, nose, cheeks, fingers, and toes are generally affected.
frostbite
benign tumor of dilated blood vessels
hemangioma
excessive hair growth over the body
hirsutism
redness of the skin due to increased blood flow
hyeremia
abnormal amount of pigmentation in the skin
hyperpigmentation
formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery
keloid
skin condition with an overgrowth and thickening of the epidermis
keratosis
pattern of baldness most commonly seen in men. Begins as a receding hairline and progresses to full baldness on top of the head and a fringe of hair around the edges.
male pattern baldness
pigmented congenital skin blemish, birthmark, or mole. usually benign buy may become cancerous
nevus
infestation with lice. The eggs laid are called nits and cling tightly to hair
pediculosis
pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin
petechiae
condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light, such as the UV rays of the sun.
photosensitivity
small tumor with a pedicle or stem attachment. They are commonly found in mucous memebranes such as the nasal cavity
polyp
severe itching
pruritus
hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels. commonly seen in elderly people.
purpura
containing or producing pus
purulent
contagious skin disease caused by an egg-laying mite that burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching; often seen in children
scabies
containing or producing pus
suppurative
also called hives; a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching. Usually associated with food allergy, stress, or drug reactions
uticaria
commonly called warts; a benign growth caused by a virus. has a rough surface that is removed by chemicals and/or laser therapy
verruca
disappearance of pigemnt from the skin in patches, causing a milk-white appearance. also called leukoderma.
vitiligo
inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles that results in papules and pustules
acne
form of acne seen in adults, especially on the nose and cheeks
acne rosacea
common form of acne seen in teenagers. characterized by comedo, papules, and pustules
acne vulgaris
cancerous tumor of teh basal cell layer of the epidermis. A frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads. These cancers can arise on sun-exposed skin
basal cell carcinoma
Damage to the skin that can result from exposure to open fire, electricity, UV light from the sun, or caustic chemicals. Seriousness depends on the amount of body surface involved and the depth of the burn. Extent of a burn is estimated using the Rule of Nines. Depth is determined by the number of layers of skin involved
burn
damage to the epidermis layer of the skin. characterized by hyperemia, but no blisters or scars
1st degree burn
Damage extends through the epidermis and into the dermis, causing vesicles to form. scarring may occur. Also called partial thickness burn.
2nd degree burn
Damage to full thickness of skin and into underlying tissues. Infection is a major concern with 3rd degree burns, fluid loss can be life threatening. Grafts are usually required and scarring will occur. Also called full thickness burn.
3rd degree burn
Furuncle involving several hair follicles.
carbuncle
A diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the skin
cellulitis
Late stages of gangrene characterized by the affected area becoming black and leathery.
dry gangrene
Superficial dermatitis of unkown cause accompanied bu papules, vesicles, and crusting.
eczema
Bacterial infection of a hair follicle. Characterized by redness, pain, and swelling. Also called a boil.
furuncle
Tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply
gangrene
Condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly, and keratinized
ichthyosis
A bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted over
impetigo
Form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs.
Kaposi's sarcoma
Change in mucous membrane that results in thick, while plate-like patches on the mucous membranes of the tongue and cheek. Considered precancerous, it is associated with smoking.
leukoplakia
dangerous form of skin cancer caused by an uncontrolled growth of melanocytes. May quickly metastasize or spread to internal organs.
malignant melanoma
infected nail bed
onychia
infection around a nail
paronychia
skin condition in which blisters form in the skin and the mucous membranes.
pemphigus vulgaris
Chronic inflammatory condition consisting of crusty papules forming patches with circular borders.
psoriasis
Contagious viral skin infection. Commonly called German measles.
rubella
Sac under the skin filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous gland. This can grow toa large size and may need to be excised.
sebaceous cyst
Eruption of vesicles along a nerve path, causing a rash and pain. Caused by the same virus as chicken pox.
shingles
Epidermal cancer that may go into deeper tissue but does not generally metastasize
squamous cell carcinoma
Chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and mucous membranes. may produce a characteristic butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose
systemic lupus erythematosus
Fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions.
tinea
Fungal infection of the foot; commonly called athlete's foot.
tinea pedis
fungal infection of the scalp; commonly called ringworm
tinea capitis
contagious viral skin infection; commonly called chicken pox
varicella
area of gangrene becoming infected by pus-producing bacteria.
wet gangrene
A thin piece of tissue is cut from a frozen specimen for rapid examination under a microscope
frozen section
scrapings, taken with a curette or scraper, of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth
fungal scrapings
Using a sterile needle to remove tissue for examination under a microscope
needle biopsy
Test to detemine the patient's reaction to suspected allergen by injecting a small amount under the skin with a needle. The reaction of the aptient to this material is then read to indicate any allergy. Examples of such tests are the tuberculin (TB) test, Mantoux (PPD) test, patch test, and schick test
skin tests
Test performed on sweat to determine the level of chloride. An increase in skin chloride is seen with the disease cystic fibrosis
sweat test
surgical removal of fat
adipectomy
skin graft from one person to another; donor is usually a cadaver
allograft
skin graft from a person's own body
autograft
destruction of tissue with a caustic chemical, electric current, freezing, or hot iron
cauterization
abrasion using chemicals; also called a chemical peel
chemabrasion
the use of extreme cold to freeze adn destroy tissue
cryosurgery
removal of superficial skin lesion with a curette (surgical instrument shaped like a spoon) or scraper
curettage
removal od foreign material and dead r damaged tissue from a wound
debridement
abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper; performed to remove acne scars, tattoos, and scar tissue
dermabrasion
instrument for cuting the skin or thin transplants of skin
dermatome
skin grafting; transplantation of skin
dermatoplasty
to destroy tissue with an electric current
electrocautery
skin graft from and animal of another species (usually a pig) to a human. Also called xenograft
heterograft
making an incision to create an opening for the drainage of material such as pus
incision and drainage (I&D)
removal of skin lesions and birthmarks using a laser beam that emits intense heat and power at a close range. The laser converts frequencies of light into one small, powerful beam.
laser therapy
removal of fat beneath the skin by means of suction
liposuction
Taking tucks surgically in a structure to shorten it
plication
surgial removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles. Commonly referred to as a face lift
rhytidectomy
the transfer of skin from a normal area to cover another site. Used to treat burn victims and after some surgical procedures
skin graft
applied to the skin to deaden pain
anesthetics
kill bacteria causing skin infections
antibiotics
kill fungi infecting the skin
antifungals
reduce skin inflammation or itching
anti-inflammatory drugs
kills mites or lice
antiparasitics
reduce severe itching
antipruritics
used to kill bacteria in skin cuts and wounds or at a surgical site
antiseptics
specific type of powerful anti-inflammatory cream
corticosteroid cream
BCC
basal cell carcinoma
BX,bx
biopsy
C&S
culture and sensitivity
decub
decubitis ulcer
Derm, derm
dermatology
FS
frozen section
I&D
incision and drainage
ID
intradermal
MM
malignant melanoma
SCC
Squamous cell carcinoma
SG
skin graft
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
ST
skin test
STSG
split-thickness skin graft
subcu, SC, sc, subq
subcutaneous
ung
ointment
UV
ultraviolet