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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cerebellum
lower posterior part of the brain that is the center of muscle coordination and equilibrium
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
colorless fluid produced within the ventricles of the brain that provides liquid shock absorption and a source of nourishment for the brain and spinal cord
cerebrum
largest part of the brain, includes the right and left cerebral hemispheres, the corpus callosum, the central cortex, and the lobes
cranial nerves
12 pairs of nerves that unite with the brain
meninges
(dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater)
neuron
functional cell of nervous tissue, which generates and transmits nerve impulses
spinal cord
cylindrical cord of nervous tissue extending through the spinal canal from its union with the medulla of the brain to the lumbar vertebral region
brainstem
lowermost part of the brain, includes the medulla and pons, which transmit impulses between the spinal cord and other parts of the brain
central nervous system(CNS)
main division of the nervous system that contains the brain and spinal cord
aphasia
inability to speak
cephalalgia
a headache or general pain in the head
dysphasia
difficulty speaking
hyperesthesia
increased sensitivity to stimulation
neuralgia
pain in a nerve
paresthesia
abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling without an objective cause
agnosia
a loss of the ability to interpret sensory info
cerebral aneurysm
type of cerebral vascular disease where a blood vessel supplying the brain becomes dilated
cerebral arteriosclerosis
type of cerebral vascular disease characterized by hardening of the arteries of the brain
cerebral embolism
presence of a floating blood clot in a blood vessel supplying the brain
cerebral palsy (CP)-
condition revealed by partial muscle paralysis that is caused by a brain defect or lesion present at birth or shortly after
cerebral thrombosis
lodged blood clot within vessels supplying the brain
cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
disruption of the blood supply to the brain results in functional losses or death
coma
general term describing several levels of decreased consciousness
dementia
literally not in the mind, impairment of mental function that is characterized by memory loss, disorientation, and confusion
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain, usually caused by bacterial or viral infection
encephalomalacia
softening of brain tissue, usually caused by deficient blood flow
epilepsy
brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
hydrocephalus
increased volume of CSF in the brain ventricles of a child before the cranial sutures have sealed, causing enlargement of the cranium
meningioma
benign tumor of the meninges
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges, usually caused by bacterial or viral infection
meningocele
protrusion of the meninges through an opening caused by a defect in the skull or spinal column
spina bifida
meningocele occurring in newborns
meningomyelocele
protrusion of the meninges and spinal cord through the spinal column
multiple sclerosis (MS)
deterioration of the myelin sheath covering axons within the brain, exhibited by episodes of localized functional losses
myelitis
inflammation of the spinal cord
narcolepsy
sleep disorder characterized by sudden uncontrollable attacks of sleep, attacks of paralysis, and hypnagogic hallucinations
paraplegia
paralysis from the waist down
Parkinson disease
chronic degenerative disease of the brain indicated by hand tremors, rigidity, expressionless face, and shuffling gait
poliomyelitis
inflammation of gray matter of the spinal cord caused by one of several polioviruses that often leads to paralysis
polyneuritis
inflammation of gray matter of the spinal cord caused by one of several polioviruses that often leads to paralysis
psychosis
incapacitating mental disorder indicated by a gross distortion of emotions, incapacity to recognize reality and relate to others, and cope with ordinary demands of daily life
quadriplegia
paralysis of all four limbs
sciatica
inflammation of the sciatic nerve, producing pain that extends from the thigh to the toes
seizure (tonic-clonic and absence)
sudden attack of spasms or convulsions which involve all muscle groups (tonic-clonic or grand mal) or involves brief losses of consciousness without motor involvement
shingles or herpes zoster
viral infection of the peripheral nerves that erupts as painful skin blisters along nerve tracts
syncope
fainting
transient ischemic attack (TIA)
brief episode of loss of blood flow to the brain that results in a temporary neurologic impairment, and often precedes a CVA
analgesia
an agent that relieves pain
anesthesia
without feeling or sensation
craniotomy
excision of part of the skull to approach the brain
electroencephalogram
procedure recording the electrical impulses of the brain
lumbar puncture
aspiration of CSF from the subarachnoid space in the lumbar region of the spinal cord
myelogram
x-ray photo of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast
neurology
study and medical practice of the nervous system
neuroplasty
surgical repair of a nerve
psychiatry
branch of medicine that addresses disorders of the brain
psychology
the field of study of human behavior
delirium
more or less temporary disorder of the mental faculties characterized by restlessness, excitement, delusions, hallucinations
migraine headache
an extremely severe paroxysmal headache, usually confined to one side of the head and often associated with nausea