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107 Cards in this Set

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aden/o
referring to a gland
Adenoma: A benign tumor that arises in or resembles glandular tissue. If it becomes cancerous, it is called an adenocarcinoma.
Adenopathy: Large or "swollen" lymph nodes
carcin/o
cancer
carcinogen, carcinoid (A small tumor, usually found in the gastrointestinal tract, that secretes serotonin.), carcinomatosis (A pathological condition characterized by the presence of carcinomas that have metastasized to many parts of the body.)
cis/o
to cut, to incise
enter/o
small intestines
enteritis (Inflammation of the small intestinal tract), enteric coated (pill set to release in the intestines for max absorption)
hemat/o
BLOOD
hematocrit (The percentage by volume of packed red blood cells in a given sample of blood after centrifugation), hematopoiesis
morpho
shape
ot/o
ear
otolith, o·to·scle·ro·sis (A disease of the ear in which the movement of the stapes within the oval window becomes impeded by abnormal deposits of spongy bone, leading to a progressive loss of hearing.)
rhin/o
nose
rhinoplasty (Plastic surgery of the nose.)
ur/o
having to do with urine or the urinary tract
urologist (MD of urinary tract)
a-
without, away from, not
atheist (without god), agnostic (away from knowledge [of god]), amoral (not moral), amenorrhea (absence of a menstrual period)
an-
without
anorexia (without appetite), anoxia (without oxygen)
dys-
painful, difficult [abnormal, impaired]
dysplasia (abnormal cells), dyscalculia (difficulty in math), dysfunction
endo-
inside
endocardium, endothelium, endoskeleton,
epi-
upon, over
epiblast (The outer layer of a blastula), epicenter (point of the earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake)
eu-
normal, good
eugenics (the production of good or improved offspring, 1910-75), euthanasia (a good death)
infra-
under, beneath below
inter-
in between
intra-
inside, within
pan-
all
para-
beside
per-
through
peri-
around
super/supra
above
trans
through
ultra
above, beyond, excess
bi/di

hemi

semi
two

half

somewhat, partially
uni/mono

tri

quad
one, single

three

four
multi/ poly

nulli
many

none
-algia
:pain
cele
protusion
-cise
: cut
excise
to cut out
incise
to cut in
-dynia
: pain
cardiodynia (heart pain)
-ectasis
: dilation
-ectopia
: displacement
-gen
: that which produces
-genesis
: produces, generates
-genic
: producing
-ia
: state, condition
-iasis
abnormal condition
-ism
state of
itis
inflammation
-logist
one who studies
-logy
the study of
-lysis
destruction
-malacia
abnormal softening
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
tumor, mass
-osis
abnormal condition
-pathy
disease
-plasia
development, growth
-plasm
formation, development
-ptosis
dropping
-rrhage
excessive, abnormal flow
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-rrhexis
rupture
-sclerosis
hardening
-stenosis
narrowing
-therapy
treatment
-trophy
nourishment, development1
-uria
condition of the urine
adjective suffixes
convert word root to adj.

"pertaining to"
-ac
as in "cardiac"
-al
as in "duodenal"
-an
as in "ovarian"
-ar
as in "ventricular"
-ary
as in "pulmonary"
-eal
as in "esophogeal"
-iac
as in "chondriac"
-ic
gastric
-ical
neurological
-ile
penile
-ior
superior
-ory
auditory
-ose
adipose
-ous
intravenous
-tic
acoustic
surgical suffixes
indicate surgical procedures
-centesis
puncture to withdraw fluid
-ectomy
surgical removal
-ostomy
surgically create an opening
-otomy
cutting
-pexy
surgical fixation
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
procedural suffixes
indicate procedural processes or instruments
-gram
record or picture
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
-meter
instrument for measuring
-metry
process of measuring
-scope
instrument for viewing
-scopy
process of visually examing
adding a "y" in all of the above = ...
transforms the word into the "process of ______"
history and physical
written or dictated by the admitting physician, details the patients history, results of the phys's exam, initial diagnoses, and physician's plan of treatment.
physician's orders
complete list of the care3, meds, tests, and treatments for the patient
nurse's notes
record of patient care throughout day, includes vital signs, treatment specifics, patient's response to treatment, and patients condition.
physician's progress notes
the physican's daily record of the patient's condition, results of their exams, sum of test results, updated assessments, further plans for care
consultation reports
the report given by a specialist whom the phys has asked to evaluate the patient
ancillary reports
rep's from various treatments and therapies the patient has recieved, such as rehab, social services, or respiratory therapy
diagnostic reports
results of all diagnostic tests performed on the patient, principally from the lab and medical imaging (x-rays, ultrasound)
informed consent
document voluntarily signed by patient describing risks, benefits, purposes, methods, and procedures of a diagnostic or treatment procedure.
operative report
report from the surgeon detailing an operation, incl. pre and post-op diagnosis, details of procedure, and how the patient tolerated the procedure.
anesthesiologist's report
relates the details regarding the drugs given to a patient, the patients, response to anesthesia, and vital signs during surgery
pathologist's report
report given by a pathologist who studies tissues removed from patient
discharge summary
comprehnsive outline of the patients entire hospital stay