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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
nas/o
nose
sinus/o
sinuses
epiglott/o
epiglottis
pharyng/o
pharynx
laryng/o
larynx
trache/o
trachea
bronch/o, bronchi/o
bronchi
alveol/o
alveoli
pneum/o, pneumon/o
lungs
mucous membrane
specialized form of epithelial tissue lining nose and respiratory system
mucus
secreted by mucous membranes to help moisten, warm and filter incoming air
cilia
thin hairs inside nostrils, filter incoming air
sinus
air-filled cavity within a bone lined with mucous membrane
paranasal sinuses
located in bones of skull
Three divisions of pharynx
nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx
epiglottis
lidlike stucture at base of tongue-keeps food from entering lungs
voice box
larynx
thyroid cartilage
Adam's Apple
windpipe
trachea
alveoli
airs sacs at the end of each bronchiole
lobe
division of the lungs
lung with 3 lobes
right lung
lung with 2 lobes
left lung
mediastinum
interpleural space (located between the lungs)
bronchi
tube-like structure from trachea into lung (pleural=bronchus)
pleura
multilayered membrane surrounding each lung. Contains blood vessels and nerves (pleural=pleurae)
parietal pleura
outer layer of pleura
visceral pleura
inner layer of pleura-closely surrounds lung tissue
pleural space/pleural cavity
airtight space between the folds of the pleural membranes
diaphragm
muscle that separates the thoracic and abdomenal cavities
phrenic nerve
stimulates the diaphragm causing it to contract
external respiration
inhalation and exhalation
internal respiration
exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the lungs
otolaryngologist or otorhinolaryngologist
ear, nose and throat specialist
pulmonologist
physician specializing in treating and diagnosing diseases and disorders of the lung
respiratory therapist
provides treatment to ease or correct breathing problems
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. A general term describing a group of respiratory conditions characterized by chronic airflow limitations
asthma
chronic allergic disorder causing breathing difficulties
bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of the bronchi
emphysema
progressive loss of lung function due to decrease in number of alveoli
allergic rhinitis
allergy
croup
acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of larynx, hoarseness and a barking cough
diphtheria
acute infectious disease of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by diphtheria bacteria. Can be prevented through immunization
epistaxis
nose bleed
influenza
flu-->highly contagious VIRAL respiratory infection
pertussis
whooping cough-->contagious bacterial infection characterized by paroxysmal cough