Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/137

Click to flip

137 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
analgesia
without sensitivity to pain.
anesthesia
without feeling or sensation
aneurysm
a localized dilatation in the wall of an artery that expands with each pulsation of the artery.
aphasia
Inability to communicate through speech, writing or signs because of an injury to or disease in certain areas of the brain.
ataxia
Without muscular coordination.
aura
The sensation an individual experiences prior to the onset of a migraine headache or an epileptic seizure.It may be a sensation to light or warmth and may precede the attack by hours or only a few seconds.
autonomic nervous system
The part of the nervous system that regulatest the involuntary vital functions of the body, such as the activities involving the heart muscle
axon
The part of the nerve cell that transports nerve impulses away from the nerve cell body.
bradykinesia
abnormally slow movement.
brain stem
The stemlike portion of the brain that connects the cerebral hemisphere withe the spinal cord. The brain stem contains the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla oblongata
burr hole
A hole drilled into the skull using a form of drill.
central nervous system
One of the two main divisions of the nervous system, consisting of the brain and spinal cord.
cephalalgia
Pain in the head; headache.
cerebellum
The part of the brain responsible for cooridinating voluntary muscular movement.
cerebral concussion
Abrief interruption of brain function, usually with a loss of consciousness lasting for few seconds.
cerebral contusion
Small scattered venous hemmorahages in the brain; better described as a "bruise" of the brain tissue occurring when the brain strikes the inner skull.
cerebrospinal fluid
The fluid flowing through the brain and around the spinal cord that protects them from physical blow or impact.
cerebrum
The largest and uppermost part of the brain
coma
A deep sleep in which the individual cannot be aroused and does not respond to external stimuli.
craniotomy
A surgical incision into the cranium or skull.
deficit
Any dificiency or variation of the normal.
dendrite
A projection that extends from the nerve cell body.
dysphasia
Difficult speech.
efferent nerves
Transmitters of nerve impulses away from the CNS; also known as motor nerves.
ganglion
A knotlike mass of nerve tissue found outside the brain or spinal cord.
hemiplegia
Paralysis of one half of the body (left or right side).
herpes zoster
An acute infection caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox, characterized by painful vesicular lesions along the path of a spinal nerve; also called shingles.
hyperesthesia
Excessive sensitivity to sensory stimuli, such as pain or touch.
hypothalamus
A part of the brain located below the thatlamus that controls many functiions, such as body temperature, sleep, and appetite.
interneurons
Connecting neurons that conduct impulses from afferent nerves to or toward motor nerves.
cerebral contusion
Small scattered venous hemmorahages in the brain; better described as a "bruise" of the brain tissue occurring when the brain strikes the inner skull.
cerebrospinal fluid
The fluid flowing through the brain and around the spinal cord that protects them from physical blow or impact.
cerebrum
The largest and uppermost part of the brain
coma
A deep sleep in which the individual cannot be aroused and does not respond to external stimuli.
craniotomy
A surgical incision into the cranium or skull.
meninges
The three layers of protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
narcolepsy
Uncontrolled sudden attacks of sleep.
nerve
A cordlike bundle of neerve fibers that transmit impulses to and from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body.
nerve block
Severe, sharp, spasmlike pain that extends along the course of one or more nerves.
neurologist
A physician who spicializes in treating the diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
neurology
The study of the nervous system and its disorders.
neurosurgeon
A physician who specializes in surgery of the nervous system.
neurosurgery
Any surgery involving the vervous system.
occlusion
Blockage.
palliative
Soothing.
meninges
The three layers of protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
narcolepsy
Uncontrolled sudden attacks of sleep.
nerve
A cordlike bundle of neerve fibers that transmit impulses to and from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body.
nerve block
Severe, sharp, spasmlike pain that extends along the course of one or more nerves.
neurologist
A physician who spicializes in treating the diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
meninges
The three layers of protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord.
narcolepsy
Uncontrolled sudden attacks of sleep.
nerve
A cordlike bundle of neerve fibers that transmit impulses to and from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body.
nerve block
Severe, sharp, spasmlike pain that extends along the course of one or more nerves.
neurologist
A physician who spicializes in treating the diseases and disorders of the nervous system.
neurology
The study of the nervous system and its disorders.
neuron
A nerve cell.
neurosurgeon
A physician who specializes in surgery of the nervous system.
neurosurgery
Any surger involving the nervous system.
occlusion
Blockage.
palliative
soothing.
paraplegia
Paralysis of the lower extremities and trunk, usually due to spinal cord injuries.
parasympathetic nerves
Nerves of the ANS that regulate essential involuntary body functions such as slowing the heart rate.
paresthesia
A sensation of numbness or tingling.
peripheral nervous system
The part of the nervous system outside the CNS, consisting of 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs of spinal nerves.
pia mater
The innermost of the three membranes (meninges) surround the brain and spinal cord.
plexus
A network of interwoven nerves.
quadriplegia
Paralysis of all four extremities and the trunk of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord at the level of the cervical vertebrae.
sciatica
Inflammation of the sciatic nerve; characterized by pain along the course of the nerve, radiating through the thigh and down the back of the leg.
somatic nervous system
The part of the PNS that provides voluntary control over skeletal muscle contractions.
sympathetic nerves
Nerves of the ANS that rgulate essential involuntary body functions such as increasing the heart rate, contricting blood vessels and raising the blood pressure.
synapse
The space between the end of one nerve and the beginning of another, through which nerve impulses are transmitted.
syncope
Fainting.
thalamus
The part of the brain located between the cerebral hemispheres and midbrain.
thrombosis
An abnormal condition in which a clot develops in a blood vessel.
ventricle,brain
A small hollow within the brain that is filled with cerebrospinal fluid.
Alzheimer's disease
Deterioration of a perso's intellectual funtioning.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
A severe weakening and wasting of the involved muscle groups.
anencephaly
an absence of the brain and spinal cord ath birth, a congenital disorder.
Bell's palsy
A temporary or permanent unilateral weakness or paralysis of the muscles in the face following trauma to the face.
carpal tunnel syndrome
a pinching or compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel due to inflammation and swelling of the tendons.
cerebral palsy
A collective term used to describe congenital (at birth) brain damage that is permanent but not progressive'
cerebrovascular accident
involves death of a specific portion of brain tissue.
Transient ischemic attacks
brief periods of ischemia in the brain lasting from minutes to hours which can cause a variety of systems.
cerebral thrombosis
clot
encephalitis
the inflammation of the brain or spinal cord tissue largely caused by a virus that enters the CNS when the person experiences a viral disease such as measles or mumps or through the bite of a mosquito or tick.
epilepsy
a syndrome of recurring episodes of excessive irregular electrical activity of the brain resulting in involuntary muscle movements called seizures.
grand mal seizures
an epileptic seizure characterized by a sudden loss of consciousness and by generalized involuntary muscular contraction.
petit mal seizure
are small seizures in which ther is a sudden temporary loss of consciousness lasting only a few seconds; also known as absence seizures.
migraine headache
a recurring, pulsating, vascular headache usually developing on one side of the head.
cluster headache
occures typically two to three hours after falling asleep; described as estreme pain around one eye that wakens the person from sleep.
tension headache
occurs from long, endured contraction of the skeletal muscles around the face, scalp, upper back, and neck.
hematoma, epidural
a collection of blood located abouve the dura mater and just below the skull.
hematoma, subdural
a collection of blood below the dura mater and above the arachnoid layer of the meninges.
Huntington's chorea
an inherited neurological disease characterized by rapid, jerky, involuntary movements and increasing dementia due to the effects of the basal ganglia on the neurons.
encephalitis
the inflammation of the brain or spinal cord tissue largely caused by a virus that enters the CNS when the person experiences a viral disease such as measles or mumps or through the bite of a mosquito or tick.
epilepsy
a syndrome of recurring episodes of excessive irregular electrical activity of the brain resulting in involuntary muscle movements called seizures.
grand mal seizures
an epileptic seizure characterized by a sudden loss of consciousness and by generalized involuntary muscular contraction.
petit mal seizure
are small seizures in which ther is a sudden temporary loss of consciousness lasting only a few seconds; also known as absence seizures.
migraine headache
a recurring, pulsating, vascular headache usually developing on one side of the head.
cluster headache
occures typically two to three hours after falling asleep; described as estreme pain around one eye that wakens the person from sleep.
tension headache
occurs from long, endured contraction of the skeletal muscles around the face, scalp, upper back, and neck.
hematoma, epidural
a collection of blood located abouve the dura mater and just below the skull.
hematoma, subdural
a collection of blood below the dura mater and above the arachnoid layer of the meninges.
Huntington's chorea
an inherited neurological disease characterized by rapid, jerky, involuntary movements and increasing dementia due to the effects of the basal ganglia on the neurons.
cluster headache
occures typically two to three hours after falling asleep; described as estreme pain around one eye that wakens the person from sleep.
tension headache
occurs from long, endured contraction of the skeletal muscles around the face, scalp, upper back, and neck.
hematoma, epidural
a collection of blood located abouve the dura mater and just below the skull.
hematoma, subdural
a collection of blood below the dura mater and above the arachnoid layer of the meninges.
Huntington's chorea
an inherited neurological disease characterized by rapid, jerky, involuntary movements and increasing dementia due to the effects of the basal ganglia on the neurons.
hydrocephalus
an abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain that causes the ventricles of the brain to dilate.
meningitis
a serious bacterial infection of the meninges the covering of the brain and spinal cord that can have residual debilitation effects or even a fatal outcome if not diagnosed and treated prompltly with appropriate antibiotic therapy.
multiple sclerosis
a degenerative inflammatory disease of the CNS attacking the myelin sheath in the spinal cord and brain.
Parkinson's disease
a degenerative, slowly progressive deterioration of nerves in the brain stem's motor system characterized by onset systems.
shingles
an acute viral infection seen mainly in adults who have had chicken pox.
paraplegia
(paralysis of lower extremities) is caused by severe injury to the spinal cord in the thoracic or lumbar region.
quadriplegia
follows severe trauma to the spinal cord between the fifth and seventh cervical vertebrae.
cerebral angiography
is visualization of the cerebral vascular system via x-ray after the injection of a radiopaque contrast medium into an arterial blood vessel.
cerebrospinal fluid analysis
CSF obtained from a lumbar puncture is analyzed for the presence of bacteria, blood, or malignant cells, as well as for the amount of protein and glucose present.
electroencephalography
Measurement of electrical activity produced by the brain and recorded through electrodes placed on the scalp is termed .
lumbar puncture
the insertio of a hollow needle and stylet into the subarachnoid space, generally between the third and fourth lumbar bertebrae below the level of the spinal cord under strict aseptic technique.
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
a noninvasive scanning procedure that provides visualization of fluid, soft tissue, and bony structures without the use of radiation.
romberg test
is used to evaluate cerebellar function and balance.
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
CNS
central nervous system
CSF
cerebrospinal fluid
CVA
cerebrovascular accident; stroke
EEG
electroencephalogram
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MS
multiple sclerosis
NREM
non-rapid eye movement (stage of sleep)
REM
rapid eye movement
TIA
transient ischemic attack
dura mater
the outermost of the three membranes (meninges) surounding the brain and spinal cord.
subdural space
the space located just beneath the dura mater that contains serous fluid.
cell body
the structure that contains the nucleus and cytoplasm.
arachnoid membrane
the weblike middle layer of the three membranous layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord.