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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
acute
sharp, having intense, often severe symptoms and a short course
chronic
a condition developing slowly and persisting over time
benign
mild or noncancerous
malignant
harmful or cancerous
degeneration
gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
degenerative disease
any disease in which there is a deterioration of structure or function of tissue
diagnosis
determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms, signs, and test findings (dia=through, gnosis=knowing)
etiology
cause of disease (etio=cause)
exacerbation
increase in severity of a disease with aggravation of symptoms (ex=out, acerbo=harsh)
remission
a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
febrile
relating to a fever (elevated temperature)
gross
large, visible to the naked eye
idiopathic
a condition occurring without a clearly identified cause (idio=one's own)
localized
limited to a definite area or part
systemic
relating to the whole body rather than only a part
malaise
a feeling of unwellness, often the first indication of illness
marked
significant
equivocal
vague, questionable
morbidity
sick, a state of disease
morbidity rate
the number of cases of a disease in a given year, the ratio of sick to well individuals in a given population
mortality
the state of being subject to death
mortality rate
death rate, ratio of total number of deaths to total number in a given population
prognosis
foreknowledge, prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on the general health status of the patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease
progressive
the advance of a condition as signs and symptoms increase in severity
prophylaxis
a process or measure that prevents disease (pro=before, phylassein=to guard)
recurrent
to occur again, describes a return of symptoms and signs after a period of quiescence (rest or inactivity)
sequela
a disorder or condition after, and usually resulting from, a previous disease or injury
sign
a mark, objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
symptom
occurrence, subjective evidence of disease that is perceived by the patient and often noted in his or her own words
syndrome
a running together, combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease
noncontributory
not involved in bringing on the condition or result
unremarkable
not significant or worthy of noting