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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are the MENENGIES of the brain?
THE MENENGIES ARE THE LAYERS AROUND THE BRAIN THAT PROTECT
in the peripheral nervous system how many pairs of cranial nerves are there?
12 pairs of cranial nerves
in the peripheral nervous system how many pairs of spinal nerves are there?
31 pairs of spinal nerves
what does CERVICAL mean?
CERVICAL=NECK
what does brachial mean?
BRACHIAL=LOWER NECK; AXILLA
what does LUMBAR mean?
LUMBAR= posterior abdominal wall
what does SACRAL mean
SACRAL=posterior pelvic wall
what is an ASTROCYTE?
ASTROCYTE=a type of nerve cell that maintains nutrients and chemical levels in neurons
what does the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CONSIST OF?
CNS=THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD
what does the CEREBRUM do?
CEREBRUM=the only part of the brain that has conscience thought-involves emotion, memory, moral behavior and some bodily movement
what does the CORPUS CALLOSUM of the brain do?
CORPUS CALLOSUM-it is the bridge of nerve fibers that connects the two hemisphers of the cerebrum
what does the DIENCEPHALON of the brain do?
DIENCEPHALON = it is one of the four major structures of the brain; contains the thalamus
HYPOTHALAMUS
HYPOTHALAMUS=part of diencephalon; serves as a sensory relay station
MEDULLA OBLONGATA of the brain
MEDULLA OBLONGATA=part of the brain that regulates heart and lung functions, swallowing, vomiting, coughing and sneezing
MICROGLIA
MICROGLIA=a type of nerve cell that removes debris