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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any of several kinds of irregularity or loss of rhythm of heartbeat
slow heart rate (<60 beats/min)
chaotic, irregular contractions of heart, as in atrial or ventricular fibrillation
extremely rapid but regular contractions of heart, as in atrial or ventricular flutter (250-350 beats/min)
heart block
interference with normal electrical conduction of heart defined by location of block (e.g. AV block)
premature ventricular contraction
ventricular contraction preceding normal impulse initiated by SA node
fast heart rate (>100 beats/min)
arteriosclerotic heart disease
degenerative condition of arteries characterized by thickening of inner lining, loss of elasticity, and susceptibility to rupture - seen most often in aged of smokers
bacterial endocarditis
bacterial inflammation that affects the endocardium or heart valves
cardiac tamponade
compression of heart produeced by accumulation of fluid in pericardial sac as results from pericarditis or trama, causing rupture of blood vessel within heart
general term for disease of heart muscle
congenital anomaly of the heart
malformation of heart present at birth
atrial septal defect
opening in septum separating the atria
coarctation of the aorta
narrowing of descending portion of aorta resulting in limited flow of blood to lower parts of body
patent ductus arteriousus
abnormal opening between pulmonary artery and aorta caused by failure of fetal ductus arteriosus to close after birth
tetralogy of Fallot
anomaly that consists four defects; pulmonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect, malposition of aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy - causes blood to bypass pulmonary circulation so that deoxygenated blood goes into systemic circulation, resulting in cyanosis
ventricular septal defect
opening in septum separating ventricles
congestive heart failure
left ventricular failure
failure of left ventricle to pump adequate amount of blood to meet the demands of body, resulting in "bottleneck" of congestion in lungs that may extend to veins, causing edema in lower portions of body
cor pulmonale
right ventricular failure
condition of enlargment of right ventricule as result of chronic disease within lungs that causes congestion within the pulmonary circulation and resistance of blood flow to lungs
coronary artery disease
condition affecting arteries of heart that reduces flow of blood and delivery of oxygen and nutrients to myocardium - most often caused by atherosclerosis
persitently high blood pressure
essential (primary) hypertension
high blood pressure attributed to no single cause, but risks include smoking, obesity, increased salk intake, hypercholesterolemia, and hereditary factors
secondary hypertension
high blood pressure caused by effects of another disease
mitral valve prolapse
protrusion of one or both cusps of mitral valve back into left atrium during ventricular contraction, resulting in incomplete closure and backflow of blood
myocardial infarction
heart attach; death of myocardial tissue owing to loss of blood flow as a results of an occlusion of coronary artery - usually caused by atherosclerosis
inflammation of myocardium most often caused by viral or bacterial infection
inflammation of pericardium
inflammation of vein
rheumatic heart disease
damage to heart muscle and heart valves by rheumatic fever (streptococcal infection)
inflammation of vein assosicated with clot formation
varicose veins
abnormally swollen, twisted viens with defective valves, most often seen in legs
deep vein thrombosis
formation of clot in deep vein of body, occurring most often in femoral and ilian veins