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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
BNO
bladder neck obstruction
cysto
cystoscopic examination
DRE
digital rectal examination
ESWL
extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
IVU
intravenous urography
KUB
kidney, ureter, bladder
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
RP
retrograde pyelography
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
UA
urinalysis
US
ultrasonogrphy, ultrasound
UTI
urinary tract infection
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram(graphy)
azoturia
increase of nitrogenous substances, especially urea, in urine
diuresis
increased formation and secretion of urine
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
end-stage renal disease
final phase of a kidney disease process; disease has advanced to the point that the kidneys no longer can filter the blood adequately
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine after the age by which bladder control should have been established
hypospadias
abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
interstitial nephritis
nephritis associated with pathological changes in the renal interstitial tissue that may be primary or due to a toxic agent such as a drug or chemical. The end result is that the nephrons are destroyed and renal function is seriously impaired
renal hypertension
high blood pressure that results from kidney disease
uremia
elevated level of urea and other nitrogenous waster products in the blood, as occurs in renal failure
Wilms tumor
malignant neoplasm of the kidney occuring in young children usually before age 5 years
blood urea nitrogen
laboratory test that measures the amount of urea normally excreted by the kidneys into the blood
intravenous pyelogram
radiographic procedure in which a contrast medium is injected and serial x-ray films are taken to provide visualization of and important information about the entire urinary tract
KUB
term used in radiographic examination to determine the location, size, shape, and malformation of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
renal scan
imaging procedure that determines renal function and shape. a radioactive substance or radiopharmaceutical that concentrates in the kidney is injected intravenously. The radioactivity is measured as it accumulates in the kidneys and is recorded as an image
retrograde pyelography
radiographic procedure in which a contrast medium is introduced through a cystoscope directly into the bladder using small-caliber catheters
urinalysis
physical, chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine
voiding cystourography
radiography of the bladder and urethra after the introduction of a contrast medium and during the processing of voiding urine. The bladder is filled with an opaque contrast medium before the procedure
catheterization
insertion of a catheter into a body cavity or organ to instill a substance or remove fluid
renal transplant
surgical transfer or a complete kidney from a donor to a recipient
cyst/o
bladder
vesic/o
bladder
glomerul/o
glomerulus
nephr/o
kidney
ren/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
ur/o
urine
urin/o
urine
carcin/o
cancer
enter/o
intestine
erythr/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
hemat/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
lith/o
stone, calculus
noct/o
night
olig/o
scanty
py/o
pus
rect/o
rectum
scler/o
hardening
ven/o
vein
-ectomy
removal
-pexy
fixation
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-stomy
forming an opening
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
incision
-tripsy
crushing
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-cele
hernia, swelling
-cyte
cell
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
-edema
swelling
-emesis
vomitting
-gram
record
-graphy
process of recording
-iasis
abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
-itis
inflammation
-lith
stone, calculus
-logist
specialist in study of
-logy
study of
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
cancer
-osis
abnormal condition
-pathy
disease
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-phobia
fear
-ptosis
prolapse, downward displacement
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-scope
instrument of examining
-scopy
visual examination
-uria
urine
-al
pertaining to
-ic
pertaining to
-ous
pertaining to
-ia
condition
-ist
specialist
a-
without, not
an-
without, not
dys-
bad; painful; difficult
in-
in, not
intra-
in, within
poly-
many, much
supra-
above; excessive; superior