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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
blast/o
-blast
germ or bud
chrom/o
color
chyl/o
juice
hem/o
hemat/o
blood
immun/o
safe
lymph/o
clear fluid
morph/o
form
phag/o
eat or swallow
plas/o
formation
reticul/o
a net
spen/o
spleen
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus gland
plasma
liquid portion of the blood and lymph containing water, proteins, and cellular components
serum
liquid portion of the blood left after clotting
erythrocyte
red blood cell, which transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
hemoglobin
protein-iron compound contained in erythrocytes that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
leukocyte
white blood cell, which protects the body from invading harmful substances
granulocytes
a group of leukocytes containing granules in their cytoplasm
neutrophil
a granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infection by swallowing bacteria (neutr=neither; phil=attraction for)
polymorphonuclear leukocyte
another term for neutrophil, named for the many segments present in its nucleus (poly=many; morpho=form; nucleus=kernel)
band
an immature neutrophil
eosinophil
a granular leukocyte, named for the rose-colored stain of its granules, that increase in allergic and some infectious reactions (eos=dawn colored (rose); phil=attraction for)
basophil
a granular leukocyte, named for the dark stain of its granules, that brings anticoagulant substances to inflamed tissues (baso=base; phil=attraction for)
agranulocytes
a group of leukocytes without granules in their nuclei
lymphocyte
an agranulocytic leukocyte active in the process of immunity; the three categories of lymphocytes are T cells (thymus dependent, B cells (bone marrow-derived), and NK (natural killer) cells
monocyte
an agranulocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection
platelets
thrombocytes; cell fragments in the blood essential for blood clotting (coagulation)
thymus
primary gland of the lymphatic system, located within the mediastinum, that helps maintain the body's immune response by producing T lymphocytes
spleen
organ between the stomach and diaphragm that filters out aging blood cells, removes cellular debris by performing phagocytosis, and provides an environment for lymphocytes to initiate immune responses