Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
appendicular skeleton
bones of shoulder, pelvis, and upper and lower extermeties
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, chest, and hydoid bone (U shaped bone at the base of the tounge)
specialized connective tissue composed of osteocytes (bone cells) froming the skeleton
compact bone
tightly solid, strong bone tissue resistant to bending
spongy (cancellous) bone
mesh-like bone tissue containing marrow and fine branching canals through which blood vessels run
long bones
bones of arms and legs
short bones
bones of wrist and ankles
flat bones
bones of ribs, shoulder blades, plevis, and skull
irregular bones
bones of vertebrae and face
sesamoid bones
round bones found near joints (e.g. patella)
wide ends of a long bone
shaft of a long bone
growth zone between epiphysis and diaphysis during development of a long bone
membrane lining the medullary
medullary cavity
cavity within the shaft of the long bones filled with bone marrow
bone marrow
soft connective tissue within the medullary cavity of bones
red bone marrow
functions to form red blood cells, some white blood cells, and platelets; found in cavities of most bones in infants and in the flat bones in adults
yellow bone marrow
gradually replaces red bone marrow in adult bones; functions as storage for fat tissue and is inactive in formation of blood cells
a fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the bone
articular cartilage
a gristlelike substance on bones where they articulate