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116 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ARDS
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrom, Acute Respiratory Distress System
CF
cystic fibrosis
COLD
chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CT scan
computed tomography scan
DPT
diptheria pertussis, tetanus
HMD
hyaline membrane disease
IPPB
intermittent positive-pressure breathing
IRDS
infant respiratory distress syndrome
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
NMT
nebulized mist treatment
PFT
pulmonary function test
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
RD
respiratory disease
SIDS
sudden infant death syndrome
SOB
shortness of breath
TB
tuberculosis
URI
upper respiratory infection
VC
vital capacity
acidosis
excessive acidity of blood due to an accumulation of acids or an excessive loss of bicarbonate
acute respiratory distress syndrome
respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxia--this syndrome is due to severe inflammatory damage causing abnormal permeability of the alveolar-capillary membrane; also called adult respiratory distress syndrome
atelectasis
collapes of lung tissue, preventing the respiratory exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
coryza
acute inflammation of the nasal passages accompanied by profuse nasal discharge; also called a cold
crackle
adventitious lung sound heard on auscultation of the chest, produced by air passing over retained airway secretions or the sudden opening of callapsed airways
croup
acute respiratory syndrome that occurs primarily in children and infants and is characterized by laryngeal obstruction and spasm, barking cough, and stridor
cystic fibrosis
inherited disease of the exocrine glands with production of thick mucus that causes severe congestion within the lungs and digestive systems
empyema
pus in a body cavity, especially in the pleural cavity
epiglottitis
in the acute form, epiglottitis is a severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and surrounding area; occurs most often in children between ages 2 and 12
epistaxis
hemorrhage from the nose; also called nosebleed
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in the blood; usually a sign of respiratory impairment; also called anoxemia
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen in the tissues; usually a sign of respiratory impairment; also called anoxia
influenza
acute contagious respiratory infection characterized by sudden onset of fever, chills, headache, and muscle pain
lung cancer
pulmonary malignancy commonly attributable to cigarette smoking--survival rates are low due to rapid metastasis and alte detection
pertussis
acute infectious disease characterized by a "whoop"-sounding cough--immunization of infants as part of the diphtheria and tetanus (DPT) vaccine prevents contraction; also called whooping cough
pleural effusion
abnormal presence of fluid in the pleural cavity--the fluid may contain blood, serum, or pus
pneumothorax
collection of air in th epleural cavity, causing the complete or partial collapse of a lung
rhonchi
abnormal chest sounds resembling snoring, produced in airways with accumulated fluids
stridor
abnormal high-pitched musical sound made on inspiration caused by an obstruction in the trachea or larynx
sudden infant death syndrome
completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant--the most common cause of death between the second week and first year of life; also known as crib death
wheezes
whistling or sighing sounds resulting from narrowing of the lumen of a respiratory passageway that is noted by use of a stethoscope
arterial blood gases
group of tests that measure the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentration in an arterial blood sample
bronchoscopy
direct visual examiniation of the interior bronchi using a bronchoscope (curved, flexibel tube with light).
chest x-ray
radiograph of the chest taken from anteroposterior (AP), posteroanterior (PA), or lateral projections
computed tomography (CT) scan
radiographic technique that uses a narrow beam of x-rays, which rotates in a full arc around the patient ot image the body in cross-sectional slices--a scanner and detector send the images to a computer, which consolidates all of the data it recieves from the multiple x-ray views
magnetic resonance imaging
radiographic technique that uses electromagnetic energy to produce multiplanar cross-sectional images of teh bdoy
pulmonary function tests
include any of several tests to evaulate the condition of the respiratory system--measures of expiratory flow and lung volume capacity are obtained
spirometry
measures the breathing capacity of the lungs
bronchodilators
drugs used to dilate the walls of the bronchi of the lungs to increase airflow
corticosteroids
hormonal agents that reduce tissue edema and inflammation associated with chronic lund disease
nebulized mist treatment
use of a device for producing a fine spray (nebulizer) to deliver medication directly into the lungs
postural drainage
use of body positioning to assist in the removal of secretions from specific lobes of the lung, bronchi, or lung cavities
adenoid/o
adenoids
alveol/o
alveolus (plural, alveoli)
bronch/o, bronchi/o
broncus (plural, bronchi)
chondro/o
cartilage
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
nas/o
nose
rhin/o
nose
or/o
mouth
pharyng/lungo
pharynx (throat)
pleuro/o
pleura
pneum/o, pneumon/o
air; lung
pulmon/o
lung
sinus/o
sinus, cavity
thorac/o
chest
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
aer/o
air
carcin/o
cancer
gastr/o
stomach
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
hydr/o
water
melan/o
black
muc/o
mucus
my/o
muscle
myc/o
fungus
orth/o
straight
-centesis
surgical puncture
-ectomy
excision, removal
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhaphy
suture
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
incision
-algia
pain
-dynia
pain
-cele
hernia, swelling
-ectasis
dilation, expansion
-itis
inflammation
-logist
specialist in study of
-malacia
softening
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition, increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-pathy
disease
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-phobia
fear
-plasm
formation, growth
-plegia
paralysis
-pnea
breathing
-rrhagia
bursting forth (of)
-scope
instrument for examining
-scopy
visual examination
-spasm
involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
-therapy
treatment
-ous
pertaining to, relating to
-ia
condition
-ist
specialist
epi-
above, upon
eu-
good, normal
macro-
large
micro-
small
neo-
new
peri-
around