Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

77 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abdominal Cavity
The cavity beneath the thoracic cavity that is separated fromt he thoracic cavity by the diaphragm; contains the liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys.
Abdominopelvic Cavity
A term that describes the abdominal and pelvic cavity collectively; refers to the space between the diaphragm and the groin.
A change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form.
anatomical position
The standard reference position for the body as a whole: The person is standing with arms at the side and palms turned forward; the individuals head and feet are also pointing forward.
Pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body.
A developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue.
Cardiac Muscle
The muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart.
Pertaining to the tail.
The smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.
Cell Membrane
The semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell.
Cervical Vertebrae
The first seven segments of the spinal column.
The threadlike structures within the nucleus that control the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body.
The tailbone. Located at the end of the vertebral column, the coccyx results from the fusion of four individual coccygeal bones in the child.
Connective Tissue
Tissues that supports and binds other body tissue and parts.
Pertaining to the skull or cranium.
Cranial Cavity
The cavity that contains the brain.
The study of cells.
A gel-like substance that surrounds the nucleus of a cell. The cytoplasm contains cell organs, called organelles, which carry out the essential functions of the cell.
Away from the surface.
Away from or farthest from the trunk of the body, or farthest from the point of origin of a body part.
Pertaining to the back.
The back or posterior surface of a part; in the foot, the top of the foot
Any abnormal development of tissues or organs.
Epiglastric Region
The region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypchrondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen, beneath the cartilage of the ribs.
Frontal Plane
Any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, perpendicular to the sagittal planes and dividing the body into front and back portions.
Segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics.
A medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues.
An increase in the number of cells of a body part.
Hypchondriac Region
The right and left regions of the upper abdomen, beneath the carilage of the lower ribs; located on either side of the epigastric region.
Hypogastric Region
The middle section of the lower abdomen, beneath the umbilical region.
Incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue, usually the result of a decrease in the number of cells.
Below or downward toward the tail or feet.
Inguinal region
The right or left regions of the lower section of the abdomen; also called the iliac region.
Toward the side of the body, away from teh midline of the body.
Lumbar Region
The right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen.
Lumbar Vertebrae
The largest and strongest of the vertebrae of the spinal column, located in the lower back. The lumbar vertebrae consists of five large segments of the movable part of the spinal column.
Cell organs, or organelles that contain various kinds of enzymes capable of breaking down all the main components of cells; lysosomes destroy bacteria by digesting them.
Mcurney's Point
A point on the right side of the abdomen, about two-thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony preminence of the hip.
Toward the midline of the body.
Pertaining to the middle and side of the structure.
A thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity, or divides a space, such as the abdominal membrane that lines the abdominal wall.
Midline of the Body
The imaginary line that is created when the body is divided into equal right and left halves.
Midsagittal Plane
The plane that divides the body or a structure into right and left equal portions.
Cell organs, or organelles, which provide the energy needed by the cell to carry on its essential functions.
Munro's Point
A point on the left side of the abdomen, about halfway between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip.
Muscle Tissue
The tissue that is capable of producing movements of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers.
THe umbilicus; the belly button
The new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant.
Nervous Tissue
Tisse that transmits impulses throughout the body, thereby activating, coordinating, and controlling the many functions of the body.
The central controlling body within a living cell that is enclosed within the cell membrane.
Tissues that are arranged together to perform a special function.
Pelvic Cavity
The lower front cavity of the body, located beneath the abdominal cavity; contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs
A specific, serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera.
Imaginary slices or cuts made through the body as if a dividing sheet were passed through the body at a particular angle and in a particular direction, permitting a view from a different angle.
Pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot.
Pertaining to the back of the body.
A movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn downward and backward.
Lying facedown on the abdomen.
Toward or nearest to the trunk of the body, or nearest to the point of origin of a body part.
Cell organs, or organelles that synthesize proteins; often called the cells protein factories.
The singular, triagular-shaped bone that results from the fusion of the 5 individual sacral bones of the child.
Skeletal Muscle
Muscle that is attached to bone and is responsible for the movement of the skeleton.
Smooth Muscle/Visceral Muscle
Muscle that is found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body such as the stomach and intestines.
Spinal Cavity
The cavity that contains the nerves of the spinal cord; also known as the spinal canal.
Pertaining to the surface of the body, or near the surface.
Above or upward toward the head.
A movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward.
Lying horizontally on the back, faceup
Organs that work together to perform the many functions of the body as a whole.
Thoracic Cavity
The chest cavity which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea
Thoracic Vertebrae
The second segment of 12 vertebrae that make up the vertebral bones of the chest.
A group of cells that perform specialized functions.
Transverse plane
Any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes, dividing the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
Umbilical Region
The region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen, between the right and left lumbar regions and directly beneath the epigastric region.
The navel; also called the belly button.
Pertaining to the front; belly side.
Pertaining to the internal organs.