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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adip/o
fat
lip/o
fat
steat/o
fat
cutane/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
derm/o
skin
hidr/o
sweat
sudor/o
sweat
ichthy/o
dry,scaly
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard; cornea
melan/o
black
myc/o
fugus
onych/o
nail
pil/o
hair
trich/o
hair
scler/o
hardening; sclera (white of eye)
seb/o
sebum, sebaceous
xer/o
dry
-derma
skin
-phoresis
carrying, transmission
-plasty
surgical repair
-therapy
treatment
cyan/o
blue
erythr/o
red
erythemat/o
red
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
xanth/o
yellow
auto-
self, own
epi-
above, on
hypo-
under, below, deficient
sub-
under, below
cyt/o
cell
hydr/o
water
necr/o
death, necrosis
-tome
instrument to cut
-cele
hernia, swelling
-cyte
cell
-emia
blood condition
-esis
condition
-itis
inflammation
-logist
specialist in study of
-logy
study of
-malacia
softening
-oma
tumor
-osis
abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
-pathy
disease
-penia
decrease, deficiency
-phagia
swallowing, eating
-rrhea
discharge, flow
-al, -ous
pertaining to
auto-
self, own
epi-
above, on
hypo-
under, below, deficient
sub-
under, below
Scraping away of a portion of skin or of a mucous membrane as a result of injury or by mechanical means, as in dermabrasion for cosmetic purposes
abrasion
inflammatory disease of the sebacceous follicles of the skin, marked by comedones (blackheads), papules, and pustules
acne
abscence or loss of hair, especially of the head
alopecia
deep-seated pyogenic infection of the skin usually involving subcutaneous tissues
carbuncle
blackhead; discolored dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin
comedo
injury in which the skin is not broken; also known as a bruise
contusion
closed sac or pouch in or under the skin, with a definite wall, that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
cyst
skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usually in a person who is bedridden; also known as a bedsore
decubitus ulcer
skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise
ecchymosis
general term for an itchy red rash that initially weeps or oozes serum and may become crusted, thickened, or scaly
eczema
tender, dome-shaped lesion, typically caused by infection around a hair follicle-- as they mature, they form localized abscesses with pus; commonly called a boil
furuncle
condition characterized by excessive growth of hair, or presence of hair, in unusual places, especially in women
hirsutism
inflammatory skin disease characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
impetigo
minute, pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin
petechia
chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches coverd with silvery scales
psoriasis
contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite
scabies
areas of pathologically altere tissue caused by disease, injury, or a wound due to external factors or internal disease
skin lesions
intial reaction to pathologically altered tissue; may be flat or elevated
primary lesions
result from the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, or various stages of disease
secondary lesions
any fungal disease occuring on various parts of the body
tinea
allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale-red eleveted patches that are intensely itchy; allso called wheals (hives)
urticaria
localized loss of skin pigmentation chracaterized by milk-white patches
vitiligo
rounded epidermal growths caused by virus
wart
macule
flat, pigmented, circumscribed area less then 1 cm in diameter
papule
solid, elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter that may be the same color as the skin or pigmented
nodule
palpable, circumscribed lesion; larger and deeper than a papule; extends into the dermal area
tumor
solid, elevated lesion larger than 2 cm in diameter that extends into the dermal and subcutaneous layers
wheal
elevated, firm, rounded lesion with localized skin edema that varies in size, shape, and color; paler in the center than its surrounding edges; accompanied by itching
vesicle
elevated, circumsribed, fluid-filled lesion less than 0.5 cm in diameter
pustule
small, rasied, circumscribed lesion that contains pus; usually less than 1 cm in diameter
bulla
a vesicle or blister larger than 1 cm in diameter
excoriations
linear scratch marks or traumatized abrasions of the epidermis
fissure
small slit or cracklike soar that extends into the dermal layer; could be cause by continuous inflammation and drying
ulcer
an open sore or lesion that extends to the dermis and usually heals with scarring
biopsy
removal of a small piece of living tissue from an organ or other part of the body for microscopic examiniation to confirm or establihs a diagnosis, estimate progosis, or follow the course of a disease
skin test
method for determining induced senstivity (allergy) by applyingor inoculation a suspected allergen or senstizer to the skin
chemical peel
chemical removal of the outer layers of the skin to treate acne scaring and gnereal keratoses
cryosurgery
use of subfreezeing temperature to destroy abnormal tissue cells
debridement
removel of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue
dermabrasion
removal of ance scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles on the skin trough the use of sandpaper, wire brushes, or other abrasive materials on the epidermal layer
electrodessication
process in which high-frequency electrical spakrs are used to dehydrate and destroy disease tissue
incision and drainage (I&D)
incision of a lesion, such as an abcess, followed by the drainage of its contents