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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abd
abdomen
AP
anteroposterior
Lat
lateral
LLQ
left lower quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
PA
posteroanterior
RLQ
right lower quadrant
RUQ
right upper quadrant
U&L, U/L
upper and lower
CT
computed tomography
CXR
chest x-ray
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
PET
positron emission tomography
US
ultrasonography, ultrasound
SPECT
single-photon emission computed tomography
adhesion
band of scar tissue binding anatomical surfaces that normally are separate from each other
inflammation
protective response of body tissues, infection, or allergy
sepsis
body's inflammatory response to infectino, in which there is fever, elevated heart and respiratory rate, and low blood pressure
computed tomography (CT) scan
radiographic procedure that uses a narrow beam of x-rays, which rotates in a full arc around the patient to image the body in cross-sectional slices
endoscopy
visual examination of the interior of organs and cavities with a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope
fluoroscopy
radiographic procedure that uses a fluorescent screen instead of a photographic placte to produce a visual image from x-rays that pass through the patient
magnetic resonance imaging
radiographic procedure that produces an image by recording the concentration of a radiopharmaceutical
positron emission tomography
radiographic technique that combines computed tomography with the use of radiopharmaceuticals
radiography
production of captured shadow images on photographic film through the action of ionizing radiation passing through the body from an external source
radiopharmaceutical
drug that contains a radioactve substance that travels to an area or a specific organ that will be scanned
scan
technique for carefully studing an area, organ, or system of the body by recording and displaying an image of the area
single-photon emission computed tomography
type of nuclear imaging study to scan organs after injection of a radioactive tracer
tomography
radiographic technique that produces a film representing detailed cross-section of tissue structure at a predetermined depth
ultrasonography
imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves that bounce off body tissues and are recorded to produce an image of an internal organ or tissue
anastomosis
connection between two vessels; surgical joining of two ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
cauterize
process of burning tissue by thermal heat, including steam, electricity, or another agent such as laser or dry ice
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
anterior, front
caud/o
tail
cephal/o
head
cervic/o
neck
chondr/o
cartilage
crani/o
cranium
cyt/o
cell
dist/o
far, farthest
dors/o
back (of body)
gastr/o
stomach
hist/o
tissue
ili/o
ilium
infer/o
lower, below
inguin/o
groin
later/o
side, to one side
lumb/o
loins (lower back)
medi/o
middle
nucle/o
nucleus
pelv/o
plevis
poster/o
back, behind, posterior
proxim/o
near, nearest
radi/o
radiation, radius
spin/o
spine
thorac/o
chest
umbilic/o
umbilicus, navel
ventr/o
belly, belly side
-ac
pertaining to, relating to
-al
pertaining to, relating to
-ar
pertaining to, relating to
-iac
pertaining to, relating to
-ic
pertaining to, relating to
-ior
pertaining to, relating to
-ad
toward
-logist
specialist in study of
-logy
study of
-lysis
separation, destruction, loosening
-toxic
poison
-verse
turning
epi-
above, upon
hypo-
under, below, deficient
medi-
middle
super-
upper, above
trans-
through, across