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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
joint
articul/o
joint
burs/o
bursa
chondr/o
cartilage
ligament/o
ligament
rheumat/o
water flow
synov/o
synovial membrane
ten/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
-desis
to bind, tie together
-stenosis
narrowing
exostosis
Bony growth arising from the surface of bone (ex-means out, -ostosis means condition of bone); Ex: osteochondroma and bunion
fracture
Traumatic breaking of a bone.
osteomalacia
Softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of mineral (calcium) in the bone.
osteomyelitis
Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection.
osteoarthritis (OA)
Progressive, degenerative joint disease characterized by loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone (formation of osteophytes, or bone spurs) at articular surfaces.
rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
Chronic disease in which joints become inflamed and painful. It is believed to be caused byu an immune (autoimmune) reaction against joint tissues, particularly against the synovial membrane.
bunion
Abnormal swelling of the medial aspect of the joint between the big toe and the first metatarsal bone.
carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
Compression (by a wrist ligament) of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist (the carpal tunnel).
ganglion
A fluid-filled cyst arising from the joint capsule or tendon in the wrist.
herniation of an intervertebral disk
Abnormal protrusion of a fibrocartilaginous intervertebral disk into the neural canal or spinal nerves.
arthrocentesis
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint space.
arthrography
Process of taking x-ray images after injection of contrast material into the joint.
arthroplasty
Surgical repair of a joint.
arthroscopy
Visual examination of the inside of a joint with an endoscope.
CTS
carpal tunnel syndrome
NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug; often prescribed to treat joint disorders
ROM
range of motion
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
HNP
hernia nucleus pulposus
THR
total hip replacement