Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/108

Click to flip

108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
calc/o
calci/o
calcium
kyph/o
humpback (posterior curvature in the thoracic region)
lamin/o
lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
lord/o
curve, swayback (anterior curvature in the lumbar region)
lumb/o
loins, lower back
myel/o
bone marrow
orth/o
straight
oste/o
bone
scoli/o
crooked, bent (lateral curvature)
spondyl/o (used to make words about conditions of the structure)
vertebra
vertebr/o (used to describe the structure)
vertebra
-blast
embryonic or immature cell
-clast
to break
-listhesis
slipping
-malacia
softening
-physis
to grow
-porosis
pore, passage
-tome
instrument to cut
acetabul/o
acetabulum (hip socket)
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
carp/o
carpals (wrist bones)
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o
ribs (true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs)
crani/o
cranium
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o
fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o
ilium (upper part f pelvic bone)
isch/o
ischium (posterior part of pelvic bone)
malleol/o
malleolus (process on each side of the ankle)
mandibul/o
mandible (lower jaw bone)
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jaw bone)
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
patell/o
patella (kneecap)
pelv/i
pelvis (hipbone)
perone/o
fibula
phalang/o
phalanges (finger and/or toe bones)
pub/o
pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bones)
radi/o
radius (lower arm bone-thumb side)
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder bone)
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
tars/o
tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
uln/o
ulna (lower arm bone - little finger side)
fasci/o
fascia (forms sheaths enveloping muscles)
fibr/o
fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o
smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
my/o
muscle
myocardi/o
heart muscle
myos/o
muscle
plant/o
sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o
skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones
-asthenia
lack of strength
-trophy
development, nourishment
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
dorsi-
back
poly-
many, much
acetabulum
Rounded depression, or socket, in the pelvis, which joins the femur (thigh bone), forming the hip joint.
acromion
Outward extension of the shoulder bone forming the point of the shoulder. It overlies the shoulder joint and articulates with the clavicle.
articular cartilage
Thin layer of cartilage occurring at the ends of long bones and covering any part of any bone that comes together with another bone to form a joint.
bone
Dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton. Examples are long bone (femur), short bones (carpals), flat bones (scapula), and sesamoid bones (patella).
calcium
One of the mineral constituents of bone. Calcium phosphate is the major calcium salt in bones.
cancellous bone
Spongy, porous, trabecular bone.
cartilaginous tissue (cartilage)
Flexible, rubbery connective tissue. It is found in the immature skeleton at the epiphyseal growth plate and on joint surfaces.
collagen
Dense connective tissue strands found in bone.
compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue
condyle
Knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint.
cranial bones
Skull bones; ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal.
diaphysis
Shaft, or midportion, of a long bone.
disk (disc)
Flat, round, plate-like structure. An intervertebral disk is a fibrocartilaginous substance between two vertebrae.
epiphyseal plate
Cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton.
epiphysis
Each end of a long bone; the area beyond the epiphyseal plate.
facial bones
Bones of the face; lacrimal, mandible, maxillae, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic
fissure
Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones.
fontanelle
Soft spot (incomplete bone formation) between the skull bones of an infant.
foramen
Opening or passage in bones where blood vessels, nerves, or both enter and leave. The foramen magnum is the opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes.
fossa
Shallow cavity in bone.
Haversian canals
Minute spaces filled with blood vessels; found in compact bone.
malleolus
Round process on both sides of the ankle joint. The lateral malleolus is part of the fibula, and the medial malleolus is part of the tibia.
Manubrium
Upper portion of the sternum; articulates with the medial aspect of the clavicle.
Mastoid process
Round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear.
medullary cavity
Central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone.
metaphysis
The flared portion of a long bone, lying between the diaphysis (shaft) and the epiphyseal plate (meta-means between)
olecranon
Large process on the proximal end of the ulna; the point of the flexed elbow.
osseous tissue
bone tissue
ossification
Process of bone formation
osteoblast
Bone cell that helps form bone tissue.
Osteoclast
Bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue.
Periosteum
Membrane surrounding bones; rich in blood vessels and nerve tissue.
Phosphorus
Mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium.
pubic symphysis
Area of confluence (coming together) of the two pubic bones. They are joined (sym-means together, -physis means to grow) by a fibrocartilaginous disc.
red bone marrow
Found in cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis
ribs
These 24 elongated, curved bones from the bony wall of the chest.
sella turcica
Depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located.
sinus
Hollow cavity within a bone.
styloid process
Pole-like process on the temporal bone.
suture
Joint between bones, such as the skull.
temporomandibular joint
Connection between the temporal base of the skull and mandibular bone of the jaw.
trabeculae
Supporting bundles of bony fibers in cancellous (spongy) bone.
trochanter
Large process on lateral proximal aspect of the femur; attachment site for muscles and tendons.
tubercle
Rounded process on bone; attachment site for muscles and tendons.
tuberosity
Rounded process on bone; attachment site for muscles and tendons.
vertebra
An individual backbone composed of the vertebral body, vertebral arch, spinous process, transverse process, lamina and neural canal
xiphoid process
Lower, narrow portion of the sternum.
yellow bone marrow
Fatty tissue found in the diaphyses of long bones in older individuals.