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42 Cards in this Set

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ambly/o
dull, dim
amblyopia - dimness of vision. Visual stimulation through the optic nerve of one eye is impaired.
aque/o
water
aqueous - pertaining to water.
blephar/o
eyelid
blepharoptosis - prolapse or downward displacement of the eyelid.
choroid/o
choroid
choroidopathy - disease of the choroid.
conjunctiv/o
conjuctiva
conjunctival - pertaining to the conjunctiva.
Conjunctiva - The mucous membrane investing the anterior surface of the eyeball and posterior surface of the lids.
core/o
pupil
coreometer - instrument for measuring the pupil.
pupill/o
pupil
pupillography - process of recording movement of the pupil.
corne/o
cornea
corneal - pertaining to the cornea
cycl/o
ciliary body of the eye; circular
cycloplegia - paralysis of the ciliary body.
dacry/o
tear; lacrimal apparatus
dacryoma - tumorlike swelling of the lacrimal duct.
lacrim/o
tear; lacrimal apparatus
lacrimotomy - incision of the lacrimal duct or sac.
dacrycyst/o
lacrimal sac
dacrycystoptosis - prolapse of the lacrimal sac.
glauc/o
gray
glaucoma - gray tumor. Glaucoma results in increase intraocular pressure that destroys the retina and optic nerve. Because of diminished blood flow to the back of the eye, the optic nerve appears pale gray.
goni/o
angle
gonioscopy - visual examination of the irideocorneal angle.
irid/o
iris
iridoplegia - paralysis of the sphincter of the iris.
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard; cornea
keratotomy - incision of the cornea.
ocul/o
eye
oculomycosis - fungal infection of the eye.
ophthalm/o
eye
ophthalmologist - specialist in the study of the eye.
opt/o
eye, vision
optometry - act of measuring vision.
optic/o
eye, vision
optical - pertaining to the eye.
phac/o
lens
phacocele - herniation of the lens into the interior chamber of the eye.
phot/o
light
photophobia - abnormal fear of (intolerance to) light. Associated with people who suffer from migraines or have light colored eyes or glaucoma.
presby/o
old age
presbyopia - poor vision associated with old age. A result of weakening ciliary muscles.
retin/o
retina
retinosis - abnormal condition of the retina. Includes any degenerative process of the retina not associated with inflammation.
scler/o
hardening; sclera (white of the eye)
scleromalacia - softening of the sclera.
scot/o
darkness
scotoma - a dark, tumor like spot. It is an area of diminished vision in the visual field.
vitr/o
vitreous body of the eye
vitrectomy - removal of the contents of the vitreous chamber. Allows surgical procedures that would otherwise be impossible, including repair of the macular holes and tears in the retina.
audi/o
hearing
audiometer - instrument for measuring hearing.
labryrinth/o
labyrinth (inner ear)
labryinthotomy - incision of the inner ear.
mastoid/o
mastoid process
mastoidectomy - removal of the mastoid process.
ot/o
ear
otopyorrhea - discharge of pus from the ear.
salping/o
tubes (usually fallopian of eustachian [auditory] tubes)
salpingoscope - instrument for examining the eustacian tubes.
staped/o
stapes (smallest of the three auditory bones)
stapedectomy - excision of the stapes. Is performed to improve hearing in cases of otosclerosis.
myring/o
tympanic membrane (eardrum)
myringomycosis - fungal infection of the tympanic membrane.
tympan/o
tympanic membrane (eardrum)
tympanostomy - forming an opening in the tympanic membrane. Performed to inset small pressure-equalizinv tubes through the tympanum.
-acusia
hearing
anacusia - not hearing (deafness)
-cusis
hearing
presbycusis - hearing loss associate with old age.
-opia
vision
diplopia - double vision
-opsia
vision
heteropsia - inequality of vision between the two eyes.
-tropia
turning
esotropia - turning inward of the eyes. Cross eyed.
exo
outside, outward
exotropia - abnormal turning outward of one or both eyes.
hyper-
excessive
hyperopia - excessive (farsighted) vision.