Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/92

Click to flip

92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
arter/o
arteri/o
artery
ather/o
yellowish plaque, fatty substance
atri/o
atrium, upper heart chamber
brachi/o
arm
cardi/o
heart
cholesterol/o
cholesterol (a lipid substance)
coron/o
heart
cyan/o
blue
myx/o
mucus
ox/o
oxygen
pericardi/o
pericardium
phleb/o
vein
sphygm/o
pulse
steth/o
chest
thromb/o
clot
valvul/o; valv/o
valve
vas/o
vessel
vascul/o
vessel
ven/o, ven/i
vein
ventricul/o
ventricle, lower heart chamber
adenoid/o
adenoids
alveol/o
alveolus, air sac
bronch/o
bronchi/o
bronchial tube, bronchus
bronchiol/o
bronchiole, small bronchus
capn/o
carbon dioxide
coni/o
dust
cyan/o
blue
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx, voice box
lob/o
lobe of the lung
mediastin/o
mediastinum
nas/o
nose
orth/o
straight, upright
ox/o
oxygen
pector/o
chest
pharyng/o
pharynx, throat
phon/o
voice
phren/o
diaphragm
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o
pneumon/o
air, lung
pulmon/o
lung
rhin/o
nose
sinus/o
sinus, cavity
spir/o
breathing
tel/o
complete
thorac/o
chest
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
-ema
condition
-osmia
smell
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
-sphyxia
pulse
-thorax
pleural cavity, chest
Listening to sounds within the body is called?
auscultation
Tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure is called?
percussion
Epistaxis is known commonly as a ___.
nosebleed
Bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis, a highly contagious bacterium (also known as whoopin cough) is called?
pertussis
Chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by airway obstruction caused by edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production is called?
asthma
Chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection in the lower lobes of the lung is called?
bronchiectasis
Cancerous tumors arising from a bronchus is called?
bronchogenic carcinoma (lung cancer)
Inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long time is called?
chronic bronchitis
Incomplete (atel/o) expansion (-ectasis)of alveoli; collapsed, functionless, airless lung or portion of a lung. Caused by tumor or other obstruction of the bronchus, or poor respiratory effort is called?
atelectasis
Hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls is called?
emphysema
Abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis is called?
pneumoconiosis
Acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction is called?
pneumonia
Swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles is called?
pulmonary edema
Clot (thrombus) or other material lodges in vessels of the lung is called?
pulmonary embolism
Infectious disease caused by a bacterium; lungs are usually involved, but any organ in the body may be affected is called?
tuberculosis
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (cavity) is called?
pleural effusion
Inflammation of the pleura is called?
pleurisy (pleuritis)
Collection of air in the pleural space is called?
pneumothorax
Fiber-optic or rigid endoscope inserted into the bronchial tubes for diagnosis, biopsy, or collection of specimens is called?
bronchoscopy
Visual examination of the voice box is called?
laryngoscopy
Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum is called?
mediastinoscopy
Tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lung (airway function, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently) is called?
pulmonarys function tests (PFTs)
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space is called?
thoracentesis
Major surgical incision of the chest is called?
thoracotomy
Visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope is called?
thorascopy
Creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck is called?
tracheostomy
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR
chest x-ray
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
MDI
metered-dose inhaler; used to deliver aerosolized medications to patients with respiratory disease
PFTs
pulmonary function tests
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PPD
purified protein derivative (substance used in tuberculosis test)
SOB
shortness of breath
URI
upper respiratory infection