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158 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what does KARKINOS mean?
meaning both crab and cancer
Who was the father of medicine?
Hippocrates
How long has the hippocratic oath been used?
for over2000 years
Medical terms came primarily from what two languages
Greek and latin
etymology
Study of the origin of words
-tomy
means "cutting"
the hippocratic oath forbade what two things that are issues of debate today?
abortion and euthanasia
what is a CPOE?
an electronic method for entering prescriptions
what are diacritical marks?
marks added to the vowels to help in pronouncing medical words
the part of a word that is the fundamental prtion of a word and that contains the basic meaning---
Word root
The part of a medical word that contains the word root and combining vowel that enables the two parts to be connected
combining forms
the part of a word tht is attached to the beginning of a word of word root
prefixes
the part of a word attached to the end of a word or word root the modify the meaning of a word root.
Suffixes
actin(o)
Light
ACTINOTHERAPY
aer(o)
air; gas
AEROGEN - GAS PRODUCING MICROORGANISM
ather(o)
plaque; fatty substance
ATHEROMO- SWELLING ON THE SURFACE OF AN ARTERY FROM A FATTY DEPOSIT
bar(o)
weight; pressure
BAROMETRIC PRESSURE
bio
life
BIOCHEMISTRY
carcin(o)
cancer
CARCINOGEN- CANCER PRODUCING SUBSTANCE
chondri(o)
cartilage, grainy, gritty
CHONDROCYTE - CARTILAGE CELL
cry(o)
cold
CRYOCAUTERY- DESTRUCTION OF TISSUE BY FREEZING
crypt(o)
hidden;obscure
cyan(o)
blue
CYANOPSIA-A CONDITION FOLLOWING A CATARACT OPERATION IN WHICH ALL ObJECTS APPEAR BLUE
cyst(o)
bladder
CYSTOID- BLADDER SHAPPED
cyt(o)
cell
CYTOLOGY-STUDY OF CELLS
dextr(o)
right
DEXTOCARDIA-DISPLACEMENT OF THE HEART TO THE RIGHT
dips(o)
thirst
DIPSOMANIA-ALCOHOLISM
eosin(o)
red-rosey
EOSINOPHILIC-STAINING READILY WITH CERTAIN DYES
esthesio
sensation, perception
ESTESIOMETRY-MEASUREMENT OF TACTILE SENSIBILITY
etio
cause
ETIOPATHOLOGY-CAUSE OF AN ABNORMALITY OR DISEASE
gen(o)
producing; being born
GENOBLAST-NUCLEUS OF A FERTILIZED OVUM
gero
old age
iatr(o)
physician
PEDIATRITION
kinesi(o)
motion-
KINESIOLOGY-STUDY OF MOVEMENT
latero
lateral, to one sidej
LATERODUCTION-MOVEMENT TO ONE SIDE
leuk(o)
white
LEUKEMIO-CANCER OF THE WHITE BLOOD CELLS
lith(o)
stone
LITHOTOMY-OPERATION FOR REMOVAL OF STONES
log(o)
speech, words, thought
LOGOPATHY-SPEECH DISORDER
melan(o)
black; dark
MELANODERMA-ABNORMAL SKIN DARKENING
morph(O)
stucture;shape
MORPHOLOGY- STUDY OF THE STUCTURE OF ANIMALS AND PLANTS
narco
sleep
NARCOLEPSY-SLEEP DISORDER
necr(o)
death; dying
NECROLOGY-STUDY OF THE CAUSE OF DEATH
nyct(o)
night
NYCTALOPIA-REDUCED ABILITY TO SEE AT NIGHT
oncho
tumor
ONCOLYSIS-DISTRUCTION OF A TUMOR
oxy
sharp; acute;
OXYPHONIA-SHRILLNESS OF VOICE
salping(o)
tube
SALPINGECTOMY-REMOVAL OF THE FALLOPIAN TUBE
scler(o)
hardness;hardening
SCLERODERMA-THICHENING AND HARDNESS OF THE SKIN
somat(o)
body
SOMATOGENIC-ORIGINATING IN THE BODY
spir(o)
breath
SPIROSCOPE-DEVICE FOR MEASURING LUNG CAPACITY
strepto
twisted shains;
STREPTOCOCCUS A GROUP OF ORGANISMS THAT CAN CAUSE VARIOUS INFECTIONS
styl(o)
peg-shaped
STYLOID-PEG-SHAPED; SAID OF A BONY GROWTH
terato
monster(as a malformed fetus)
TERATOGEN-AGENT THAT CAUSES A MALFORMED FETUS
tono
tension; pressure
TONOMETER-INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING PRESSURE
top(o)
place;topical
DESCRIPTION OF A BODY PART IN TERMS OF A SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA
tropho
food;nutrition
TROPHOCYTE-CELL THAT PROVIDES NUTRITION
vivi
life
VIVIPAROUS-GIVING BIRTH TO LIVING YOUNG
xeno
stranger
XENOPHOBIA-EXTREME FEAR OF STRANGER OR FOREIGNERS
xer(o)
dry
XERODERM-DRY SKIN
zo(o)
life
ZOOBLAST-ANIMAL CELL
what is the name of the legal document tht gives twelve guidelines for medical staff, administrative personnel, and patients
PATIENT'S BILL OF RIGHTS
1-RIGHT TO CONCIDERATE AND RESPECTFUL CARE
2-INFO ABOUT DIAGNOSISK/TREATMENT
3-TO MAKE DECISIONS ABOUT CARE
4-TO HAVE ADVANCE DIRECTIVE
5-RIGHT TO PRIVACY
6-RIGHT TO CONFIDENTIALITY
7-RIGHT OT LOOK AT RECORDS
8-RIGHT TO SUGGEST CHANGES
9-RIGHT TO BE INFORMED
10-RIGHT TO TAKE PART IN EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENTS
11-TO UNDERSTAND POST-HOSPITAL CARE
12-RIGHT TO KNOW ABOUT HOSPITAL COSTS AND CHARGES
WHAT ARE THE 12 PATIENT'S BILL OF RIGHTS
what does HIPPA stand for

WHAT DOES IT STAND FOR
HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY AND ACCOUNTABILIY ACT OF 1996
-THIS LAW PROTECT HEALTH INSURANCE COVERAGE FOR WORKERS AND THEIR FAMILIES WHEN THEY CHANGE OR LOSE THEIR JOBS & THE SECURITY AND PRIVACY OF HEALTH RECORDS
what does SOAP stands for
SUBJECTIVE, OBJECTIVE, ASSESSMENT AND PLAN
A-
WITHOUT
ASEPSIS WITHOUT LIVING ORGANISMS
AB-, ABS-
AWAY FROM
ABDUCT- TO DRAW AWAY FORM A POSITION
AD-
TOWARD, TO
ADDUCT-TO DRAW TOWARD THE BODY, AS A LIMB
AMBI-
BOTH, AROUND
AMBIDEXTROUS-HAVING ABILITY ON BOTH THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES
AN-
WITHOUT
ANENCEPHALIC-WITHOUT A BRAIN
ANA-
UP, TOWARD
ANAPHYLACTIC-EXAGGERATED REACTION TO AN ANTIGEN OR TOXIN
ANTE-
BEFORE
ANTEMORTEM-BEFORE DEATH
APO-
DERIVED,SEPERATED
APOBIOSIS-DEATH OF A PART OF A LIVING ORGANISM
BI-
TWICE, DOUBLE
BIPAROUS-BEARING TWO YOUNG
BRACHY-
SHORT
BRACHYESOPHAGUS-ABNORMALLY SHORT ESOPHAGUS
BRADY-
SLOW
BRADYCARDIA-ABNORMALLY SLOW HEARTBEAT
CONTRA-
AGAINST
CONTRAINDICATED-NOT RECOMMENDED
DE-
AWAY FROM
DEMYELINATION-LOSS OF MYELIN
DIA-
THROUGH
PASSING THROUGH THE PLACENTA
DYS-
ABNORMAL;DIFFICULT
DYSFUNCTIONAL-FUNCTIONING ABNORMALLY
ECT(O)-
OUTSIDE
ECTOPIC-OCCURING OUTSIDE THE NORMAL PLACE, AS A PREGNACY OCCURRING OUTSIDE FO THE UTERUS
END(O)
WITHIN
ENDOABDOMINAL-WITHIN THE ABDOMEN
HEMI-
HALF
HEMIIPLEGIA-PARLYSIS ON ONE SIDE OF THE BODY
INTER-
BETWEEN
INTERDENTAL-BETWEEN THE TEETH
INTRA-
WITHIN
INTRAMUSCULAR-WITHIN THE SUBSTANCE OF THE MUSCLES
ISO-
EQUAL,SAME
ISOMETRIC-OF THE SAME DIMENSIONS
MAL-
BAD;
INADEQUATE
MES(O)
MIDDLE, MEDIUM
MESODERM-THE MIDDLE LAYER OF SKIN
META-
AFTER
METACARPUS-BONES ATTACHED TO THE CARPUS
OLIG(O)-
FEW; LITTLE; SCANTY
OLIGOSPERMIA-LOW SPERM COUNT
PAN-
ALL, ENTIRE
PANARTHRITIS-ARTHRITIS INVOLVING ALL JOINTS
PER-
THROUGH, INTENSELY
PERAXILLARY-THROUGH THE AXILLA
PERI-
AROUND, ABOUT, NEAR
PERIAPPENDICITIS-INFLAMMATION OF THE TISSUE SURROUNDING THE APPENDIX
PRO-
BEFORE, FORWARD
PRODROME-A SYMPTOM OR GROUP OF SYMPTOMS THAT OCCURS BEFORE A DISEASE SHOW UP
RE
AGAINST, BACKWARD
REFLUX-BACKWARD FLOW
RETRO-
BEHIND, BACKWARD
RETROVERSION-A TURNING BACKWARD, AS OF THE UTERUS
SUB-
LESS THAN, UNDER, INFERIOR
SUBCUTANEOUS-BENEATH THE SKIN
SUPRA-
ABOVE, OVER
SUPRAMAXILLARY-ABOVE THE MAXILLA
SYL,SYM,SYN-,SYS-
TOGETHER
SYMBIOSIS-MUTUAL INTERDEPENDENCE
TACHY-
FAST
TACHYCARDIA-RAPID HEARTBEAT
TRANS-
ACROSS, THROUGH
TRANSOCULAR-ACROSS THE EYE
UN-
NOT
UNCONSCIOUS-NOT CONSCIOUS
UNI-
ONE
UNIGLANDULAR-INVOLVING ONLY ONE GLAND
-AD
TOWARD
CEPHALAD-TOWARD THE HEAD
-ALGIA
PAIN
NEURALGIA-NERVE PAIN
-ASTHENIA
WEAKNESS
NEURASTHENIA-CONDITION WITH VAGUE SYMPTOMS, SUCH AS WEAKNESS
-BLAST
IMMATURE, FORMING
ASTROBLAST-IMMATURE CELL
-CIDAL
DESTROYING, KILLING
SUICIDAL-LIKELY TO KILL ONESELF
-CIDE
DESTROYER OF, KILLER OF
SUICIDE-KILLING OF ONESELF
-CRINE
SECRETING
ENDOCRINE-GLAN THAT SECRETES HORMONES INTO THE BLOODSTREAM
-CRIT
SEPERATE
HEMATOCRIT-PERCENTAGE OF VOLUME OF A BLOOD SAMPLE THAT IS COMPOSED OF CELLS
-CYTE
CELL
THROMBOCYTE-BLOOD PLATELET
-CYTOSIS
CONDITION OF CELLS
ERYTHROCYTOSIS-CONDITION WITH AN ABNORMAL NUMBER OF RED BLOOD CELLS IN THE BLOOD
-DERMA
SKIN
SCLERODERMA-HARDENING OF THE SKIN
-DESIS
BINDING
ARTHRODESIS-STIFFENING OF A JOINT
-DYNIA
PAIN
NEURODYNIA-NERVE PAIN
-ECTASIA
EXPANDING;DILATING
BRONCHIECTASIS-CONDITION WITH CHRONIC DILATION OF THE BRONCHI
-ECTOMY
REMOVAL OF
APPENDECTOMY-REMOVAL OF THE APPENDIX
-EDEMA
SWELLING
LYMPHEDEMA-SWELLING AS A RESULT OF OBSTRUCTED LYMPH NODES
-EMESIS
VOMITING
HEMATEMESIS-VOMITING OF BLOOD
-EMIA
BLOOD
UREMIA-EXCESS UREA IN THE BLOOD
-ESTHESIA
SENSATION
PARESTHESIA-ABNORMAL SENSATION, SUCH AS TINGLING
-GLOBIN
PROTEIN
IMMUNOGLOBULIN-ONE OF CERTAIN STRUCTURALLY RELATED PROTIENS
-GRAM
A RECORDING
ENCEPHALOGRAM-BRAIN SCAN
-IC
PERTAING TO
GASTRIC-RELATING TO THE STOMACH
-IC
PERTAINING TO
GASTRIC-RELATING TO THE STOMACH
-ISM
CONDITION, DISEASE, DOCTRINE
DWARFISM-CONDITION INCLUDING ABNORMALLY SMALL SIZE
-ITIS
INNFLAMMATION
NEPHRITIS-KIDNEY INFLAMMATION;
-KINESIA
MOVEMENT
BRADYKINESIA-DECREASE IN MOVEMENT
-LOGIST
ONE WHO PRACTICES
DERMATOLOGIST-ONE WHO PRACTICES DERMATOLOGY
-LYSIS
DESTRUCTION OF
ELECTROLYSIS-PERMANENT REMOVAL OF UNWANTED HAIR
-MALACIA
SOFTENING
OSTEOMALACIA-GRADUAL SOFTENING OF BONE
-MANIA
OBSESSION
MONOMANIA-OBSESSION WITH ONE IDEA
-MEGALY
ENLARGEMENT
CEPHALOMEGALY-ABNORMAL ENLARGEMENT OF THE HEAD
-OID
LIKE, RESEMBLING
CARDIOID-RESEMBLING A HEART
-OPIA
VISION
DIPLOPIA-DOUBLE VISION
-OSTOMY
OPENING
COLOSTOMY-SURGICAL OPENING IN THE COLON
-PARA
BEARING
PRIMIPARA-WOMAN WHO HAS GIVEN BIRTH ONCE
-PATHY
DISEASE
OSTEOPATHY-BONE DISEASE
-PENIA
DEFICIENCY
LEUKOPENIA-CONDITION WITH FEWER THAN NORMAL WHITE BLOOD CELLS
PEPSIA
DIGESTION
DYSPEPSIA-DYSPEPSIA-IMPAIRED DIGESTION
-PEXY
FIXATION, USUALLY DONE SURGICALLY
NEPHROPEXY-SURGICAL FIXATION OF A FLOATING KIDNEY
-PHAGE
EATING, DEVOURING
POLYPHAGIA-EXCESSIVE EATING
-PHOPIA
FEAR
ACROPHOBIA-FEAR OF HEIGHTS
-PHONIAS
SOUND
NEURAPHONIA-LOSS OF SOUNDS
-PHRENIA
OF THE MIND
SCHIZOPHRENIA-TERM FOR A COMMON PSYCHOSIS
-PHYLAXIS
PROTECTION
PROPHYLAXIS-PREVENTION OF DISEASE
-PLASTY
SURGICAL REPAIR
RHINOPLASTY-PLASTIC SURGERY OF THE NOSE
-PLEGIA
PARALYSIS
QUADRIPLEGIA-PARALYSIS OF ALL FOUR LIMBS
-PNEA
BREATH
EUPNEA-EASY, NORMAL RESPIRATION
-PTOSIS
FALLING DOWN; DROOPING
BLEPHAROPTOSIS-DROOPING EYELID
-RRHAGIA
HEAVY DISCHARGE
TRACHEORRHAGIA-HEMORRHAGE FROM THE TRACHEA
-RRHAPHY
SURGICAL SUTURING
HERNIORRHAPHY-SURGICL SUTURING OF A HERNIA
-RRHEXIS
RUPTURE
CARDIORRHEXIS-RUPTURE OF THE HEART WALL
-SPASM
CONTRACTION
ESOPHAGOSPASM-SPASM OF THE WALLS OF THE ESOPHAGUS
-STASIS
STOPPING;CONSTANT
HOMEOSTASIS-STATE OF EQUILIBRIUM IN THE BODY
-STENOSIS
NARROWING
STENOSTENOSIS-NARROWING OF THE PAROTID DUCT
-TOMY
CUTTING OPERATION
LAPAROTOMY-INCISION IN THE ABDOMEN
-TROPHY
NUTRITION
DYSTROPHY-CHANGES THAT RESULT FORM INADEQUATE NUTRITION
-TROPIA
TURNING
ESOTROPIA-CROSSED EYES