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113 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-ac
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. cardiac
-al
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. umbilical
-ar
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. muscular
-ary
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. pulmonary
-eal
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. esophageal
-ic
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. hepatic
-ical
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. neurological
-ile
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. penile
-ior
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. anterior
-ous
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. cutaneous
-tic
pertaining to,
relating to


ex. acoustic
-esis
condition

ex. diuresis
-ia
condition

ex. pneumonia
-ism
condition

ex. hyperthyroidism
-iatry
medicine; treatment

ex. podiatry
-ist
specialist

ex. dermatologist
-y
condition,
process

ex. neuropathy
-icle
small, minute, little

ex. ventricle
-ole
small, minute, little

ex. arteriole
-ule
small, minute, little

ex. venule
chondr/o
cartilage

ex. condroma
cyt/o
cell

ex. cytometer
hist/o
tissue

ex. histolysis
nucle/o
nucleus

ex. nuclear
anter/o
anterior,
front

ex. anterior
caud/o
tail

ex. caudad
dist/o
far,
farthest

ex. distal
dors/o
back

ex. dorsal
infer/o
lower, below

ex. inferior
later/o
side,
to one side

ex. lateral
medi/o
middle

ex. supermedial
poster/o
back,
behind,
posterior

ex. posterior
proxim/o
near,
nearest

ex. proximal
ventr/o
belly,
belly side

ex. ventral
-ad
toward

ex. mediad
-logist
specialist in study of

ex. histologist
-logy
study of

ex. cytology
-lysis
separation,
destruction,
loosening

ex. cytolysis
-toxic
poison

ex. cytotoxic
nucleus
control center of cell,
responsible for production,
contains genetic code
nucleotoxic substance
chemical substance that inferferes with or destroys the cellular reproductive process in the nucleus
cytologist
biologist who specializes in the study of cells
cytolysis
destruction of a cell
histologist
specialist in the study of tissue
histology
study of tissue
histologist
tissue specialist
dorsal
pertaining to the back of the body
lateral
pertaining to the side, or one side of the body
ventral
pertaining to the belly, or belly side of the body
anatomical position
(definition)
reference point to describe location and direction of a body structure
anatomical position (description)
body erect
eyes forward
arms hanging at sides
legs parallel
toes pointing straight ahead
2 terms referring to the front of the body
anterior,
ventral
2 terms referring to the back of the body
posterior,
dorsal
directional terms (definiton)
describe the direction of the xray beam (radiology) from its source and its point of exit
posteroanterior projection
xray beam enters the body on the posterior side and exits on the anterior side
inferior
lower,
below
superior
above
medial
describes the midline of body or structure
mediad
toward the middle
cephalad
toward the head
caudal
relating to the tail, or end of the body away from the head
proximal
near to point of attachment
distal
far from the point of attachment
abdomin/o
abdomen
abdominal
pertaining to the abdomen
caphal/o
head
cephal/ad
toward the head
cervic/o
neck;
cervix uteri
cervical
pertaining to the neck of body or uterus
crani/o
cranium
cranium
skull
cranial
pertaining to the cranium or skull
gastr/o
stomach
gastric
pertaining to the stomache
ili/o
ilium
ilium
lateral flaring portion of hip bone
iliac
pertaining to the ilium
inguin/o
groin
inguinal
pertaining to the groin
lumb/o
loins (lower back)
lumbar
pertaining to the loin area or lower back
pelv/o
pelvis
pelvic
pertaining to the pelvis
spin/o
spine
spinal
pertaining to the spine or spinal column
thorac/o
chest
thoracic
pertaining to the chest
umbilic/o
umbilicus,
navel

ex. periumbilical
peri
around
body planes (definition)
sections dividing the body according to planes of reference
body planses (list)
frontal
median
horizontal
alternate names for body planes
-frontal
-median
-horizontal
-coronal
-midsagittal
-transverse
midsagittal/median plane
divides body into two equal and externally symmetrical halves
horizontal/transverse plane
divides body into superior and inferior portions
horizontal/transverse planes are also known as ...
cross-sectional planes
-graph
process of recording
radi/o
radiation,
x-ray
radius
radiology
study of radiation
2 major body cavities
dorsal
ventral
body cavities
hollow spaces that contain internal organs
2 dorsal cavities
cranial
spinal
2 ventral cavities
thoracic
abdominopelvic
thoracic cavity
ventral cavity containing heart and luncs
abdominopelvic cavity
ventral caviting containing digestive and reprouctive organs
2 abdominopelvic subcavities
abdominal
pelvic
diaphram
dome-shaped muscle playing and important part in breathing
the diaphram separates the ________ cavity from the ____________ cavity
thoracic and abdominopelvic cavity (separated by the ________)
abdominopelvic quadrants (definition)
four divisions of the abdominopelvic area
abdominopelvic quadrants
right upper quadrant
left upper quadrant
right lower quadrant
left lower quadrant
RUQ
right upper quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
RLQ
right lower quadrant
LLQ
left lower quadrant