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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
what are ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES?
(ABC'S)
laboratory test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
what is AUSCULTATION?
listening to internal sounds with a stethoscope
what is a BRONCHOGRAPHY
BRONCHO- + -GRAPHY
radiological picture of the trachea and bronchi
what is a BRONCHOSCOPE?
device used to examine airways
what is an ENDOSCOPE?
ENDO- + -SCOPE
tube used to view a body cavity
what is a PEAK FLOW METER?
device for measuring breathing capacity
what is PERCUSSION?
tapping on the surface of the body to see if lungs are clear
what is PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS?
tests that measure the mechanics of breathing
what is a SPIROMETER?
testing machine that measures the lungs' volume and capacity
what is a SPUTUM SAMPLE or CULTURE?
culture of material that is expectorated (brought back up as mucus)
what is a SWEAT TEST?
test for cystic fibrosis that measures the amount of salt in sweat.
what is a THROAT CULTURE?
test for streptococcal of other infections in which a swab taken on the surface of the throat is placed in a culture to see if certain bacteria grow
what is ANTHRACOSIS?
black lung disease. (lung disease caused by long-term inhalation of coal dust)
what is APNEA?
(cesation) stopping of breathing
what is ASBESTOSIS?
lung disorder caused by long-term inhalation of asbestos (as in construction work)
what is atelectasis

(at-e-LEK-ta-sis)
collapse of a lung or part of a lung
what is BACILLI? (bacillus)
a type of bacteria that causes tuberulosis
what is BRADYPNEA?
abnormally slow breathing
what is BRONCHOSPASM?
sudden contraction in the bronchi that causes coughing.
what is CHEYNE-STOKES RESPIRATION?
irregular breathing pattern with a period of apnea followed by deep, labored breathing that becomes shallow, then apneic.
what is CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE (COPD)?
disease of the bronchial tubes or lungs with chronic obstruction
what are CRACKLES?
popping sounds heard in lung collapse or other conditions;rales
what is CROUP?
acute respiratory syndrome in children or infants accompanied by seal-like coughing
what is CYSTIC FIBROSIS?
disease that causes chronic airway obstruction and also affects the bronchial tubes
what is DIPHTHERIA?
acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by bacteria
what is DYSPHONIA?
hoarseness usually caused by laryngitis
what is DYSPNEA?
difficulty breathing
what is EMPHYSEMA?
chronic condition of hyperinflation of the air sacs; often caused by prolonged smoking
what is EMPYEMA?
pus in the pleural cavity
what is EPISTAXIS?
bleeding from the nose, usually caused by trauma or a sudden rupture of the blood vessels of the nose
what is EUPNEA?
normal breathin
what is HEMOPTYSIS?
lung or bronchial hemorrhage resulting in the spitting of blood
what is HEMOTHORAX?
blood in the pleural cavity
what is HYPERCAPNIA?
excessive buildup of carbon dioxide in lungs, usually associated with hypoventilation
what is HYPERPNEA?
abnormally deep breathing
what is HYPERVENTILATION?
abnormally fast breathing in and out, often associated with anxiety
what is HYPOPNEA?
shallow breathing
what is HYPOXEMIA?
deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
what is HYPOXIA?
deficient amount of oxygen in tissue
what is LARYNGITIS?
inflamation of the larynx
what is MESOTHELIOMA?
rare cancer of the lungs associated with asbestosis
what is ORTHOPNEA?
difficulty in breathing, especially while lying down
what is PAROXYSMAL?
sudden, as in a spasm or convulsion
what is PERTUSSIS?
whooping cough
what is PHARYNGITIS?
sore throat
what is PLEURAL EFFUSION?
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
what is PNEUMOCONIOSIS?
lung condition caused by inh aling dust
what is PNEUMONIA?
acute infection of the alveoli
what is PULMONARY EDEMA?
fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles usually caused by failure of the heart to pump enough blood to and from lungs
what is RHINITIS?
nasal inflammation
what is SINGULTUS?
hiccuping
what is a STRIDOR?
high-pitched crowing sound heard in certain respiratory conditions
what is TACHYPNEA
abnormally fast breathing
what is TUBERCULOSIS?
Acute infectious disease caused by bacteria called bacilli
what are WHEEZES?
whistling sounds heard on inspiration in certain breathin disorders, especially asthma