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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
balan/o
glans penis
epididym/o
epididymis
orch/o
orchi/o
orchid/o
test/o
testis or testicle
perine/o
perineum
prostat/o
prostate
sperm/o
spermat/o
sperm (seed)
vas/o
vessel
scrotum
skin covered pouch in the groin divided into two sacs, each containing a testis and an epididymis
testis
testicle
one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone
sperm
spermatozoon
male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes, which unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
epididymis
coiled duct on top and at side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
penis
erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and ducts for the secretion of seminal fluid (semen)
glans penis
bulging structure at the distal end of the penis (glans = acorn)
prepuce
foreskin; loose casing covering the glans penis, removed by circumcision
vas deferens
duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct (vas=vessel; deferens=carrying away)
seminal vesicle
one of two saclike structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
semen
a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm (semen=seed)
ejaculatory duct
duct formed by union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
prostate gland
trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder, which secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
bulbourethral glands
(Cowper's glands)
pair of glands below the prostate with ducts opening into the urethra, which adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
perineum
external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
seminal vesicle
one of two saclike structures behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline substance into the semen to enable the sperm to live longer
semen
a mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm (semen=seed)
ejaculatory duct
duct formed by union of the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
prostate gland
trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder, which secretes an alkaline fluid into the semen
bulbourethral glands
(Cowper's glands)
pair of glands below the prostate with ducts opening into the urethra, which adds a viscid (sticky) fluid to the semen
perineum
external region between the scrotum and anus in a male and between the vulva and anus in a female
aspermia
inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
azoospermia
semen without living spermatozoa, a sign of infertility in a male (zoo=life)
oligospermia
scanty production and expulsion of sperm
mucopurulent discharge
drainage of mucus and pus
anorchism
absence of one or both testes
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
cryptorchism
undescended testicle, or failure of a testis to descend into scrotal sac during fetal development; it most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair (crypt=to hide)
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis
hydrocele
hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
hypospadias
congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis (spadias = to draw away)
impotence
failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychological dysfunction (im=not;potis=able)
peyronie disease
disorder characterized by the induration (hardness) of the corpus cavernosum in the penis
benign prostatic hypertrophy/hyperplasia
enlargement of the prostate gland that causes urinary obstruction; common in older men
prostate cancer
malignancy of the prostate gland
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate
seminoma
common type of malignant tumor of the testicle (testicular tumor)
varicocele
enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis (varico = twisted vein)
chlamydia
most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
gonorrhea
contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus, Neisseria gonorrhea. The term was named for the urethral discharge characteristic of the infection, which was thought to be a leakage of semen (gono=seed;rrhea=discharge)
syphilis
sexually transmitted infection caused by a spirochete, which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the skin with appearance of small; painless red papules that reode and form bloodless ulcers called chancres
hepatitis B virus
virus that causes inflammation of the liver, transmitted through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
virus that causes ulcerlike lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucose; after the inital infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which premits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases; contracted through exposure to contaminated blood or body fluid (e.g. semen or vaginal secretions)
human papilloma virus (HPV)
condyloma acuminatum
condylomata acumunata
virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membrans of the genitals; on the skin the lesions appear and cauliflowerlike warts, and on mucous membrans they have a flat appearance.
biopsy (Bx)
tissue sampling used to identify neoplasia
biopsy of the prostate
needle biopsy of the prostate; often performed using ultasound guidance
testicular biopsy
biopsy of a testicle
digital rectal exam (DRE)
insertion of a finger into the male rectum to palpate the rectum and prostate
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
blood test used to screen for prostate cancer; an elevates level of the antigen indicated the possible presence of tumor
urethrogram
x-ray of urethra and prostate
semen analysis
study of semen, including a sperm count with observation of form and motility; usually performed to rule out male infertility
endorectal (transrectal) sonogram of the prostate
scan of the prostate made after introducing an ultrasonic transducer into the rectum; also used to guide needle biopsy
circumcision
removal of the foreskin (prepuce) exposing the glans penis
epididymectomy
removal of an epididymis
orchiectomy
orchidectomy
removal of a testicle
orchioplasty
repair of a testicle
orchiopexy
fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, a specialized urologic endoscope
vasectomy
removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
vasovasostomy
restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after vasectomy
chemotherapy
treatment of malignancies, infections, and other diseases with chemical agents that destroy selected cells or impair their ability to reproduce
radiation therapy
treatment of neoplastic disease using radiation, usually from a cobalt source, to stop the proliferation of malignant cells
hormone replacement thearpy (HRT)
use of a hormone to remedy a deficeiecy or regulate production (e.g. testosterone)
penile prosthesis
implantation of a device designed to provide erection of the penis; used to treat physical impotence